Help report on the implications of quantum computing for the security of encryption.
We’re working on a story intended to outline the history of quantum computing and what the future holds for it at a time when attention is perhaps more on blockchain and artificial intelligence.
Questions we’d like to explore:
- What is quantum computing?
- What sort of problems can be solved with quantum computing?
- How secure is today’s encryption against it?
- What progress has been made to ensure security is protected?
Key facts and concepts we think are central to the story:
- The idea was invented only 30 years ago and is still at a nascent stage.
- Conventional computers are binary: 1s and 0s that represent on/off states. Quantum computing uses qubits, and can be both 0 or 1 at the same time – a state known as superposition – which is the same phenomenon that allows Schrödinger’s cat to be in two states simultaneously.
- Superposition allows a quantum computer to process more information, much faster.
- A quantum computer can, theoretically, solve, in a matter of seconds, calculations that would take millions of years for a conventional computer to solve.
Interviews so far or sought include:
- John Preskill, runs the Institute for Quantum Information (IQI) at Caltech.
- Raymond Laflamme, physicist and former director of the Institute for Quantum Computing at the University of Waterloo, Canada.
- Edward Farhi, Professor of Physics at MIT.
- Samuel Leon Braunstein, a professor in Computer Science at the University of York, UK.
- Martin Albrecht, lecturer in Information Security at Royal Holloway, UK.
What or who would you add to this story? Use EDIT to add to directly or tell us in TALK