Open science is garnering a lot of attention. It is often confused with research articles made available to the large public without any pre-payment or subscription fees. However, open science is not confined solely to research article access. It covers every aspect of science, right from the time when scientists apply for a research grant to the final publication and dissemination of results obtained. Open science ensures that every aspect is available for public scrutiny. Scientists have been talking about the pros and cons of doing science with an open and public monitoring. The debate is far from over. This project discusses the different points of view.
When you publish a story on the topic of open science, make sure that at least one of the questions below are clearly presented, i.e., which aspects of (open) science are being discussed in a story?
- Funding agencies: Who funded the projects? Whether it’s a public or private entity? How much amount of money was allocated to the project?
- Project plan submitted: What are the details of the project submitted to a funding agency?
- Collaborators: Who are the collaborators of the project and what are (or were) their contributions?
- Data collection: Does this project require data collection? If yes, how is the data collection planned?
- Methodology and technology: What will be the methodology and technology that are employed for the project?
- State of the art: What is the state of the art in this domain?
- Results: What are the results obtained? Is there an official release of the result data?
- Publications: Are there any interim reports or journal articles published? Are they disseminated before selected communities or made available to a large and diverse audience?
- Reviews:Who reviewed the publications? Currently, in most of the cases, publications are peer-reviewed. The peer-reviews can be single blind (reviewers are anonymous), double-blind (both authors and reviewers remain anonymous to each other) and open-review (details of both authors and reviewers are known to each other).
- Citations: Authors choose to cite a certain number of other articles previously published. Citations list may not be exhaustive depending on the limit of number of pages by the publishers. Citations may also be open, i.e., the list is available under an open license.
- Open licensing: Which open licenses or public domain dedications are applied to the content, code, and data? (If there are none, this cannot be open science.)