Analysis of News Sources


Welcome to Analysis of News Sources 

(This is separate from the list of recommended news sources).

This project is meant to help people better understand the ideological position of the news sources they are reading.

Guidelines and tips

  1. When writing, remember to abide by our style and neutrality guidelines.
  2. Group by country, sorted alphabetically.
  3. Short introduction for each newspaper/agency.
  4. Provide a link to Wikipedia for more detailed information.
  5. Mention the owner(s) and how it is funded.
  6. Elaborate on political views and ideology
  7. List controversies if any. Claims must be well-referenced and objective.
  8. When discussing the political views of a publication, make sure assertions are well-referenced.

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Index

  1. France
    1. Le Figaro
    2. Le Monde
    3. Le Parisien
  2. Germany
    1. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ)
    2. Neues Deutschland (nd)
    3. Spiegel online (SPON)
    4. Süddeutsche Zeitung (SZ)
    5. Die Tageszeitung (taz)
    6. Die Welt
  3. Hong Kong
    1. FactWire
  4. Hungary
    1. Élet és Irodalom (ÉS)
  5. Italy
    1. Corriere della Sera
  6. Spain
    1. ABC
    2. El Confidencial
    3. El Diario
    4. El Mundo
    5. El País
    6. Crónica Global
    7. El Salto
    8. InfoLibre
    9. La Razón
    10. Público
  7. United Kingdom
    1. BBC News
    2. The Guardian
    3. Financial Times
    4. Private Eye
  8. United States
    1. The New York Times
    2. The Washington Post
    3. Politico
  9. Uruguay
    1. First Uruguay
  10. Puerto Rico
  11. Panama
  12. Costa Rica
  13. El Salvador
  14. Nicaragua
  15. Paraguay
  16. Honduras
  17. Dominican Republic
  18. Bolivia
  19. Haiti
  20. Cuba
  21. Guatemala
  22. Ecuador
  23. Chile
  24. Venezuela
  25. Peru
  26. Argentina
  27. Colombia
  28. Mexico
  29. Brazil

France


Le Figaro

Le Figaro is the oldest daily morning newspaper published in Paris which is one of only two French newspapers of record and one of the most widely respected across the world.

Owner
Dassault Group

How it is funded

Political views
Right, Gaullism, Liberal conservatism

Controversies

Le Monde

Le Monde is a daily afternoon newspaper published in Paris which is only one of two French newspapers of record and one of the most widely respected across the world.

Owner
La Vie-Le Monde Group (French)

How it is funded

Political views
Center-left

Controversies

Le Parisien

Le Parisien is the most widely-circulated daily newspaper in France, which covers national and international news as well as local news out of Paris.

Owner
Éditions Philippe Amaury

How it is funded

Political views
Neutral

Controversies

Germany


Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ)

See: Wikipedia article
See also: detailed information by the Institute for Media and Communication Policy (in German)

Owner

How it is funded

Political views

Controversies

Neues Deutschland (nd)

See: Wikipedia article

Owner
Communio Beteiligungsgenossenschaft eG (50 percent),
Föderative Verlags-, Consulting- und Handelsgeselllschaft mbH – FEVAC (50 percent).
FEVAC has three members: Thomas Nord (90.35 percent), the Federal Treasurer of the Left Party (Partei DIE LINKE), Uwe Hobler, Treasurer of the Verein der Bundestagsfraktion DIE LINKE e.V., and Ruth Kampa. The Left Party holds 100 percent of the share capital of FEVAC.

How it is funded

Political views
Democratic socialist, center-left to left spectrum, non-partisan

Controversies

Spiegel Online (SPON)

See: Wikipedia article

Owner

How it is funded

Political views

Controversies

Süddeutsche Zeitung (SZ)

See: Wikipedia article
See also: detailed information by the Institute for Media and Communication Policy (in German)

Owner

Süddeutscher Verlag GmbH, itself mainly owned by: Südwestdeutsche Medienholding (81.3 percent), itself mainly owned by Medien Union GmbH Ludwigshafen (47.5 percent), owned by Peter and Thomas Schaub (50 percent each).

How it is funded

Political views

Considered as social liberal or liberal/center-left

Controversies

Die Tageszeitung (taz)

See: Wikipedia article
See also: detailed information by the Institute for Media and Communication Policy (in German)

Owner

How it is funded

Political views

Controversies

Die Welt

See: Wikipedia article
See also: detailed information by the Institute for Media and Communication Policy (in German)

Owner

How it is funded

Political views

Controversies

Hong Kong


FactWire

FactWire is currently the only news agency founded locally. It was established on August 18 2015 after receiving the seed fund from 3,300 Hong Kong residents from the crowdfunding platform FringeBacker.

Owner
Funded by Ng Hiu Tung

How it is funded
By crowdfunding

Political views
Neutral

Controversies

Hungary


Élet és Irodalom (ÉS)

See: Wikipedia article
See also: German language press review in the Perlentaucher
Kovács Zoltán, editor in chief, also publishes in the German-speaking media Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik, Die Presse, Der Standard.

Owner

How it is funded

Political views
Considered as liberal/left-liberal

Controversies

Italy


See also dedicated Wikipedia article (In Italian)

Corriere della Sera

See: Wikipedia article

Owner
RCS Media Group

How it is funded

Political views
Center-liberal

Controversies

Spain


ABC

ABC is the oldest and third largest newspaper of Spain and one of three Madrid dailies considered to be national newspapers of record for Spain.

Owner
Grupo Vocento

How it is funded

Political views
Conservatism, Nationalist, Monarchism, Right Wing

Controversies

InfoLibre

Wikipedia reference.

Owner

How it is funded

Political views

Controversies

El Confidencial

Wikipedia reference (in Spanish)

Owners
Among others: José Antonio Sánchez (43 percent), Juan Perea Sáenz de Buruaga (15 percent)

How it is funded
Advertising, events
€9,25 million revenue, €1.4m benefit (2014)
13.4 million unique visitors (2018) https://blogs.elconfidencial.com/comunicacion/en-contacto/2018-07-24/el-confidencial-supera-abc-visitas-paginas-vistas_1596041/

Political views
Conservative, neo-liberal

Controversies

eldiario.es

Online newspaper founded in 2012, published in Madrid under a CC-BY-SA Creative Commons license (Wikipedia)

Owner 
Stakeholders of owner company Diario de Prensa Digital SL are former Público Editor in Chief Ignacio Escolar and more than 70 percent of its staff writers and reporters

How it is funded
In-browser advertising, crowdfunding

Political views
Left-wing, young, cultured (target audience)

Controversies

El Mundo

El Mundo is the second largest printed newspaper of Spain and one of three Madrid dailies considered to be national newspapers of record for Spain.

Owner
Unidad Editorial S. A., Spanish subsidiary of Milan-based Italian publisher RCS MediaGroup S.p.A.

How it is funded 
Advertising

Political views
Liberal, center-right, right wing

Controversies

El País

El País is the most circulated printed daily newspaper in Spain and one of three Madrid dailies considered to be national newspapers of record for Spain.

Owner
Grupo Prisa

How it is funded
Advertising

Political views
Historically center/center-left and critical of the so-called Latin American “populist left”, allegedly is showing right wing bias since Partido Popular (PP) came in to the Spanish government in 2011

Controversies

  • After 2011 there have been signs of bias in favor of incumbent Spain’s governing party

Sources: [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6].

Crónica Global

Digital newspaper in Spanish published in Barcelona, directed today by Xavier Salvador. Founded in 2013 by Francesc Moreno and Alejandro Tercero as a result of the merger of former dailies La Voz de Barcelona and El Debat, it is mainly focused on political and economic affairs.

Website www.cronicaglobal.elespanol.com

How it is funded Advertising

Political views
Centrist, unionist, critical of Catalonia’s chauvinist movements

Controversies 
In January 2018 Crónica Global headquarters in Barcelona was violently attacked by Arran, youth division of “national liberation” activists Popular Unity Party (CUP). Arran itself claimed responsibility for the attack, whilst trying to justify their actions as a measure to halt “fascist attacks” in Spain (EL PAÍS in Spanish).

El Salto

Owner 
El Salto is a project promoted by the Diagonal newspaper and more than 20 communicative projects.

How it is funded
Crowdfunding to launch a new medium with more resources aimed at a broad audience. Wikipedia referenceNewspaper about info.

Political views
Left wing

Controversies

Público

Owner

How it is funded

Political views

Controversies

La Razón

Owner
Grupo Planeta

How it is funded
Advertising

Political views
Liberal, conservative, Roman Catholic, rightist, creationist

Controversies 
The edition of May 9 2012 caused a big aversion in some sectors, and it was criticized by the Le Monde newspaper, where it appeared photos of five students with names and surnames and a text below describing them as bad students and stirrers to make a call for participation on a protest against the cutbacks on education. The student union decided to report the newspaper.
In the aftermath of the November 2015 Paris attacks, the paper published a doctored image of Veerender Jubbal, a Canadian Sikh, falsely labelling him as “one of the terrorists.” (Wikipedia)

United Kingdom


BBC News

Owner
British public

How it is funded
Mostly funded by the British television licence fee, as well as by sales of BBC programmes and services.

Political views
Does not officially support any one political party. The Wikipedia article Criticism of the BBC provides more detail.

Controversies
See: BBC controversies on Wikipedia.
Recently:

  • Accusations of bias towards the pro-Unionist campaign during the Scottish independence referendum in 2014. (Wikipedia, The Independent)
  • Complaint from the Labour Party after their MP resigned on live TV, with accusations that it had been orchestrated by the BBC to increase viewership (Wikipedia, BBC)

The Guardian

Owner
Guardian Media Group

How it is funded
The newspaper runs at a loss, and is in part financially dependent on other profit-making activities within the Guardian Media Group.
Since 2014, it has an optional subscription scheme for supporters.

Political views
Claimed to be center-left according to its Wikipedia article.

Controversies

Financial Times (FT)

Founded as The Financial Times in 1888 by James Sheridan and Horatio Bottomley, merged in 1945 with rival The Financial News – which had been founded in 1884. On January 2 1893 it began printing on light salmon-pink paper to distinguish it from rivals; at the time it was also cheaper to print on unbleached paper (several other more general newspapers such as The Sporting Times had the same policy), but nowadays it is more expensive as the paper has to be dyed specially. (Wikipedia)

Owner
Nikkei Inc. (formerly known as Nihon Keizai Shimbun), a newspapers, books and magazines publisher which also provides digital media, database, and broadcasting services, as well as other services for economic/cultural events, acquired it in 2015.

How it is funded
Advertising and conferences through a globally reputable events arm

Political views
Pro-Europe, globalist, sometimes called a promoter of “enlightened capitalism”

Controversies
Has supported all British political parties.

Private Eye

Private Eye is the UK’s best-selling news and current affairs magazine, featuring humour, social and political observations and investigative journalism. Wikipedia

Owner
Pressdram Ltd

How it is funded
Subscriptions and sales

Political views
Politically neutral. Focuses on exposing corruption and incompetence within all parties at all levels.

Controversies
Numerous. See Wikipedia article for further information.

United States


The New York Times

The New York Times (NYT or “The Times“) is a major daily newspaper headquartered in New York City, New York. Describing itself as a global media organization in its 2016 Annual Report, The Times has amassed 122 Pulitzer Prizes based on its recognized journalistic excellence.
The New York State Library chronology on The Times states that it was established on September 18, 1851 as The New-York Daily Times. The name was changed to The New York Times on September 14, 1857. In 1852, The Times claimed to be “the only Republican paper in New York.” The Times was sold to The New York Times Publishing Company April 13, 1893, and one day later, Charles R. Miller, the editor, and then president of the company, stated that “The Times will be a Democratic paper.” The Times ‘ slogan – “All the News That’s Fit to Print” – first appeared October 25, 1896 on the editorial page. In 1897 the slogan was moved to page one and remains there today.
As of the third quarter of 2017, reported in Item 2 of the NYT Security and Exchange Commission (SEC) 10-Q filing, the approximate number of digital subscriptions was 2,487,000; news product subscriptions 2,132,000, and other product subscriptions 355,000.
Read more on Wikipedia article.

Owner
Arthur O. Sulzberger, Jr.
Chairman, The New York Times Company
Publisher, The New York Times

How it is funded
Revenues are reported in the SEC Form 10-Q of November 1 , 2017 as primarily from subscriptions, advertising, and other sources (including but not limited to affiliate referrals, e-commerce, building rental, and digital archives). A search of the US General Services Administration’s Federal Procurement Data System reveals that The New York Times Company has presently, or previously had, contracts with the Federal government for a variety of services, including subscriptions.
The New York Times Company stock (NYT) is listed on the New York Stock Exchange .

Political views
The New York Times is characterized as “left center” by Media Bias/Fact Check and “lean left” by AllSides.
The Wikipedia article on The New York Times, explains that the paper’s editorial stance has frequently been considered as liberal. The paper has a Politics/Opinion web page with the subheading: “Strong arguments and cogent analysis from left, right and beyond” that carries editorials, op-ed contributions, opinions, and letters.

Controversies
Wikipedia devotes a full article to New York Times controversies with numerous references and external links for the reader to explore each issue in more detail.

The Washington Post

The Washington Post (The Post, TWP, WaPo) is a daily newspaper published in Washington, D.C., the U.S. Capitol. The Post journalists cover local, nationwide, and international stories. The Post is described as the “dominant” newspaper in D.C. and “one of the greatest newspapers” in the U.S. Established in 1877 by Stilson Hutchins, a Democrat, the first paper was published December 6 with a circulation of 10,000, was four pages in length, and sold for three cents per copy. As of December 15, 2017, The Post reports that it has 2 million print readers per week, 95 million unique visitors nationwide and 22 million international visitors to the website per month.
A timeline published by Britannica Encyclopedia, outlines the Graham Family stewardship of The Post. Eugene Meyer (father of Kathryn Graham) purchased the floundering paper in 1933, rebuilt it through emphasis on accurate, thorough, well-written reporting and established an independent editorial posture. Meyer’s son-in-law, Philip Graham, took the reins in 1946, further building the prestige of The Post. Following Graham’s death from suicide in 1963, his wife, Katherine Graham took over leadership of The Post. Her son, Donald Graham took over as publisher in 1979.
Jeffery (Jeff) P. Bezos, founder of Amazon.com, purchased the WP Company LLC, (doing business as The Washington Post) and affiliated publications for $250 million in 2013, through Nash Holdings, LLC. Nash Holdings, LLC, is a private company, separate from Amazon. Bezos added the slogan “Democracy Dies in Darkness” beneath the masthead in February 2017.
The Washington Post Wikipedia article provides more details.

Owner
Jeffrey P. Bezos
Parent company
Nash Holdings, LLC
Publisher and CEO
Frederick J. Ryan, Jr.
Executive Editor
Martin Baron

How it is funded
The Post receives funding through subscriptions, classifieds, and advertising services. A search of the US General Services Administration’s Federal Procurement Data System reveals that The Washington Post Company has presently, or previously had, contracts with the Federal government for a variety of services, including IT and telecommunications services, subscriptions, and advertising.

Political views
Encyclopedia Britannica reports that, initially, The Post was considered an instrument of the Democratic Party. And, that after suffering economic trouble, it was sold in 1889, and became known as a conservative publication. AllSides characterizes The Post as having a “lean-left” bias, defined as being moderately liberal on a political spectrum. Media Bias/Fact Check ranks The Post as “left-center” bias – a “slight to moderate liberal bias”.

Controversies
The Washington Post Wikipedia article devotes a section to recent controversies.

Politico

Politico, LLC, is a political journalism organization headquartered in Arlington, Virginia that publishes print and online editions, and offers podcasts as well as television and radio reporting. Politico coverage focuses mainly on Washington, D.C. political and policy issues involving Congress, the presidency, lobbying, and media. It also has units in Europe, Florida, New York, and New Jersey. POLITICO Pro is a subscription-based product, described as offering “policy intelligence to pros”. Politico was founded by two former Washington Post writers: Jim VandeHei, a national political reporter; and John F. Harris, a political editor. Robert L. Allbritton was also a founder. Washington Post reporter Mike Allen, joined Politico, becoming the Chief White House correspondent. Politico editorial cartoonist, Matt Wuerker, received a 2012 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning.
Politico established itself as a news source going live on the Internet January 23, 2007 5:07 a.m. EST. It captured more than 250,000 visitors and more than 800,000 page views that first day. As of July 2017, Politico reports circulation of: 30,000 copies of Washington newspapers and 29,000 copies of POLITICO Europe each publishing day; 33,000 POLITICO Magazine six times yearly; an average of 26 million unique visitors monthly to the US website; and an average of 1.5 million unique visitors to POLITICO Europe. A POLITICO Pro legislative and congressional database serves more than 4,000 organizations and 25,000 individuals.
In early 2016, The New York Times and CNN reported that VandeHei, Allen, and three senior executives were leaving Politico after the 2016 US elections. The Washington Post reported that differences between VandeHei and Allbritton led to their departure. Allbritton replaced VandeHei as CEO. VandeHei, Allen, and Roy Schwartz subsequently founded Axios Media, Inc. – an online news source – incorporated on July 1, 2016.

Owner/Parent company
Capitol News Company, LLC

Robert L. Allbritton
Publisher and Executive Chairman

How it is funded
Funding is through print subscriptions outside the Washington, DC area and advertising. The parent organization, Capitol News Company, presently has, or previously had, Federal government contracts for Politico publications, including multi-user agreement licenses and web-based subscription services for POLITICO Pro to the Library of Congress, and other Federal agencies.

Political views
On its website, Politico states that its central mission is “to help sustain and vastly expand nonpartisan political and policy journalism.” Media Bias/Fact Check rates Politico as a having a “left-center bias”, and a factual reporting rating score of high. Media Bias/Fact Check characterizes “left-center” as having a slight-to-moderate liberal bias. The reporting is found to usually be factual and trustworthy. Media Bias/Fact Check explains that left-center writing may include words that attempt to influence the reader through emotion or stereotyping to favor liberal points of view. AllSides rates Politico as “center,” but acknowledges that a March 2013 blind survey found that Politico was closer to “lean-right” yet near the center, and that more research was needed to determine bias. The Wikipedia article on Politico describes two conflicting opinions about its bias, and cites the AllSides rating of “center” based on crowd-sourcing.

Controversies
Wikipedia describes disputed editorial practices related to Politico.

Uruguay

El País

Printed newspaper founded in 1918, published in Montevideo (Wikipedia)

Owner
Stakeholders, privately held/CEO Guillermo Scheck

How it is funded
Advertising, circulation

Political views
Center-right, liberal; formerly linked to Partido Nacional

Controversies

Puerto Rico


Panama


Costa Rica


El Salvador


Nicaragua


Paraguay


Honduras


Dominican Republic


Dominican Republic


Bolivia


Haiti


Cuba


Guatemala


Ecuador


Chile


Venezuela


Peru

La República

One of the two main national dailies sold all over the country since founded in 1981, published in Lima (Wikipedia)

Owner
Grupo La República Publicaciones, CEO Gustavo Mohme Seminario

How it is funded
Advertising, circulation

Political views
Moderate center-left

Controversies
Under founder Gustavo Mohme Llona’s leadership, La República was a staunch opponent of the government of President Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000).


El Comercio

One of the most influential media in Peru founded in 1839, it is one of the oldest Spanish-language papers in the world. Daily circulation: 120,000+ (Wikipedia)

Owner
Empresa Editora El Comercio (controlled almost exclusively by the Miró-Quesada family); Juan José Garrido, publisher

How it is funded
Advertising, circulation

Political views
Moderate, conservative

Controversies
Expropriated by the Peruvian left-wing military dictatorship (1974-1980)
Has supported center-right and right-wing governments


Argentina

La Nación

Daily newspaper founded 1870, the country’s leading conservative publication (Wikipedia)

Owner
Family of founder Bartolomé Mitre, CEO Bartolomé Mitre (the founder’s great-great-grandson)

How it is funded
Advertising, circulation

Political views
Conservative

Controversies
Allegedly supported all Argentinian dictatorships from 1930 to 1976

Clarín

The largest newspaper in Argentina. Founded by Roberto Noble on 28 August 1945 in Buenos Aires (Wikipedia)

Owner
Grupo Clarín Media Group; Ernestina Herrera de Noble, publisher

How it is funded
Advertising, circulation

Political views
Moderate, center-right

Controversies
American investment firm Goldman Sachs is a minority partner since 1999
117 office workers were dismissed for their union membership in 2000, allegedly Grupo Clarín does not allow their employees to perform union activities
Grupo Clarín media holding owns a large number of different print, radio, television and cable networks


Colombia


Mexico


Brazil

Folha de S.Paulo

Daily newspaper founded 1921, the centerpiece for Grupo Folha, a conglomerate that also controls UOL (Universo Online), the leading Internet portal in Brazil; newspaper Agora São Paulo; polling institute Datafolha; publishing house Publifolha; book imprint Três Estrelas; printing company Plural; and, in a joint-venture with the Globo group, the business daily Valor, among other enterprises. (Wikipedia)

Owner
Grupo Folha; Sérgio Dávila, publisher (2010)

How it is funded
Advertising, circulation

Political views
Centrist

Controversies
On February 17 2009, in an editorial criticizing the Hugo Chávez administration in Venezuela, Folha defined the earlier Brazilian military dictatorship as a “ditabranda” (meaning “soft dictatorship”).
On April 5 2009, Folha ran an article about a supposed plan by guerrilla group Vanguarda Armada Revolucionária Palmares to kidnap Antonio Delfim Netto, who was the finance minister during the military rule, in the early 1970s, and alongside printed a criminal file about Dilma Rousseff, who was later Brazilian president. The authenticity of the police record was contested.
On November 27 2010, Folha published an article by former Workers’ Party member César Benjamin accusing president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of having told Benjamin, during a meeting for Lula’s 1994 presidential campaign, that Lula had attempted to rape another inmate while he was being held as a political prisoner in São Paulo.
In September 2010, Folha ombudsman Suzana Singer strongly criticized the paper’s election coverage. According to her, Folha was “digging recklessly through the life and work” of presidential candidate Rousseff, and reporting about it in a biased way.

O Globo

The most prominent print publication in Brazil’s Grupo Globo media conglomerate. Founded by journalist Irineu Marinho 1945 in Rio de Janeiro (Wikipedia)

Owner
Grupo Globo; Ascânio Seleme, editor

How it is funded
Advertising, circulation

Political views
Conservative, right-wing

Controversies
In 1984, owner Roberto Marinho published an article declaring support to the military government from its beginning in 1964; in August 2013, the group would recognize as “an error” to have expressed support to the military coup
In 2013 the newspaper and other vehicles of the O Globo group were strongly criticized by several sectors of civil society. The coverage of the popular demonstrations that took millions of people to the streets in Brazil was allegedly distorted, with great emphasis on possible rioting but no discussion of the political process and the reasons of such demonstrations



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