• Revision ID 96624 PENDING
  • 2019-02-18 21:43:42
  • by Mitchell Maddox (talk | contribs)
  • Note: changed "diminishing" to "dwindling" in the summary for clarity
  • Revision ID 96625 PUBLISHED
  • 2019-02-18 22:12:02
  • by Mitchell Maddox (talk | contribs)
  • Note: Light editing for clarity and brevity
 
   
Title Title
American high school journalists fight school-ordered censorship American high school journalists fight school-ordered censorship
Summary Summary
Against a backdrop of misinformation and dwindling local news, teenage journalists are being silenced  Against a backdrop of misinformation and declining local news, teenage journalists are being silenced
Highlights Highlights
Learn about the First Amendment but don't live it , Lesson 1: freedom of speech , Lesson 2: suppression of freedom of speech Learn about the First Amendment but don't live it , Lesson 1: freedom of speech , Lesson 2: suppression of freedom of speech
Content Content
Students in high schools across the United States are having journalistic articles removed or suppressed by their schools, while school officials try to appease parents' concerns and maintain order by limiting negative or inappropriate press.  Students in high schools across the United States are finding articles in their school publications removed or suppressed by their schools, while school officials try to appease parents' concerns and maintain order by limiting negative press.
Against a backdrop of <a href="https://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/sites/default/files/2017-12/Local%20Journalism%20-%20the%20decline%20of%20newspapers%20and%20the%20rise%20of%20digital%20media.pdf">declining local news</a>, <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/media/2017/nov/30/press-freedom-at-all-time-low-journalist-safety-article-19-v-dem-study">decreased media freedom</a> (<em>The Guardian</em>), and an internet where "false news" <a href="https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/03/180312095504.htm">travels faster than facts</a>, free-press defenders worry the press is being hindered further through the censorship of student news.  Against a backdrop of <a href="https://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/sites/default/files/2017-12/Local%20Journalism%20-%20the%20decline%20of%20newspapers%20and%20the%20rise%20of%20digital%20media.pdf">declining local news</a>, <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/media/2017/nov/30/press-freedom-at-all-time-low-journalist-safety-article-19-v-dem-study">decreased media freedom</a>, and "false news" that <a href="https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/03/180312095504.htm">travels faster than facts</a>, free-press defenders worry the press is being hindered further through the censorship of student news.
Student journalists, often those who know the most about what goes on among their fellow students, are being censored frequently, and in more blatant ways, advocates and students told <em>WikiTribune.</em> They say increased censorship is leading to the suppression of vital information about school happenings, and in some cases, misconduct.  Student journalists, who often know the most about what goes on among their fellow students, are being censored frequently and blatantly, advocates and students told <em>WikiTribune.</em> They say increased censorship is leading to the suppression of vital information about school happenings, and in some cases, misconduct.
"I can wear a political message on a T-shirt and the school can't stop me. But, ironically, if I take that same political message to the editorial page, the school probably can stop me," says Frank LoMonte, director of Brechner Center, a Florida freedom of information think tank and for nine years executive director of the nonprofit Student Press Law Center (SPLC). "Everyone knows that makes no sense."  "I can wear a political message on a T-shirt and the school can't stop me. But, ironically, if I take that same political message to the editorial page, the school probably can stop me," says Frank LoMonte, director of Brechner Center, a Florida freedom of information think tank and executive director of the nonprofit Student Press Law Center (SPLC). "Everyone knows that makes no sense."
17-year-old high school editor, Elizabeth Collins, was told by her Florida school that a page about the <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stoneman_Douglas_High_School_shooting">Parkland school shootings</a> in February didn't belong in the Sickles High School yearbook,<em> Solleret</em>. In the article, students aged 10-12 shared their thoughts on the shooting, with one recommending more safety measures in American high schools. But the principal, Mary Freitas, is hoping to remove the page before it's published in April, says Collins.  Elizabeth Collins, who edits her school magazine, was told by her school that a page about the <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stoneman_Douglas_High_School_shooting">Parkland school shootings</a> in February didn't belong in the Sickles High School yearbook,<em> Solleret</em>. In the article, students aged 10-12 shared their thoughts on the shooting, including recommending more safety measures in American high schools. But the principal, Mary Freitas, wants to remove the page before it's published in April, says Collins.
Her team decided to create a page on school shootings because "so many have happened this year and it’s more than relevant," she says. "Unfortunately, about a week before our deadline, she made us delete the entire page because she thought that political topics don’t belong in a school yearbook. She said she was just trying to avoid parent phone calls." Her team decided to create a page on school shootings because "so many have happened this year and it’s more than relevant," she says. "Unfortunately, about a week before our deadline, she made us delete the entire page because she thought that political topics don’t belong in a school yearbook. She said she was just trying to avoid parent phone calls."
"That shooting affected so many people and for our principal to make us delete the page without considering the voices she is silencing and the work put into the page makes me upset. It’s so wrong." "That shooting affected so many people and for our principal to make us delete the page without considering the voices she is silencing and the work put into the page makes me upset. It’s so wrong."
<h2>Avoiding harm to school reputations</h2> <h2>Avoiding harm to school reputations</h2>
The First Amendment <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution">ensures an American's right to freedom of expression</a>. It applies in almost every corner of the nation, including inside school gates. But a historic ruling that set a precedent for schools to wield authority over student newspapers has led to widespread censoring of articles, says LoMonte.  The First Amendment <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution">ensures an American's right to freedom of expression</a>. It applies in almost every corner of the nation, including school campuses. But a historic ruling that set a precedent for schools to wield authority over student newspapers has led to widespread censoring of articles, says LoMonte.
The landmark <a href="http://www.splc.org/article/1988/01/hazelwood-school-district-v-kuhlmeier">Hazelwood School Disctrict v. Kuhlmeier Supreme Court decision</a> – popularly known as "Hazelwood" – gave high school principals the right to review content before publication and suppress work deemed unlawful, poorly reported, containing errors, or disruptive to the school’s learning environment. Unlike <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tinker_v._Des_Moines_Independent_Community_School_District">an earlier Supreme Court</a> decision that established the so-called <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Substantial_disruption">Tinker test</a>, the Hazelwood ruling decided that pupils surrender some of their Constitutional rights at the newsroom door, including those provided by the First Amendment.  The landmark <a href="http://www.splc.org/article/1988/01/hazelwood-school-district-v-kuhlmeier">Hazelwood School Disctrict v. Kuhlmeier Supreme Court decision</a> – popularly known as "Hazelwood" – gave high school principals the right to censor work they deem unlawful, poorly reported, incorrect, or disruptive to the school’s learning environment. Unlike <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tinker_v._Des_Moines_Independent_Community_School_District">an earlier Supreme Court</a> decision that established the so-called <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Substantial_disruption">Tinker test</a>, the Hazelwood ruling determine that students must surrender their first amendment rights at the newsroom door, including those provided by the First Amendment.
But powers are being misused, and school officials across the United States are limiting content that will make the institution look bad, according to experts and high school students who spoke to <em>WikiTribune</em>. But powers are being misused, and school officials across the United States are limiting content that will make the institution look bad, according to experts and high school students who spoke to <em>WikiTribune</em>.
The most common reason for censorship, and the most common reason the hotline at the Student Press Law Center rings, is a school's reputation being put at risk, LoMonte says. The most common reason for censorship, and the most common reason the hotline at the Student Press Law Center rings, is a school's reputation being put at risk, LoMonte says.
"I've heard the phrase countless thousands of times, 'You are not allowed to make the school look bad.' That is far and away the number one reason students are given when their journalism is withheld or rewritten," says LoMonte. "It's not about safety, it's not about legality, it's not about avoiding harm to other students. It's about avoiding harm to the reputation of the school."  "I've heard the phrase countless thousands of times: 'You are not allowed to make the school look bad.' That is far and away the number one reason students are given when their journalism is withheld or rewritten," says LoMonte. "It's not about safety, it's not about legality, it's not about avoiding harm to other students. It's about avoiding harm to the reputation of the school."
[caption id="attachment_56922" align="aligncenter" width="776"]<a href="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/03/21145948/Parkland-school-shooting-spread.jpg"><img class="wp-image-56922 size-large" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/03/21145948/Parkland-school-shooting-spread-776x1024.jpg" alt="" width="776" height="1024" /></a> The proposed spread in the Sickles High School yearbook, <em>Solleret</em>, that 17-year-old Elizabeth Collins says is being suppressed by her school principal. Photo courtesy Solleret/SPLC[/caption] [caption id="attachment_56922" align="aligncenter" width="776"]<a href="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/03/21145948/Parkland-school-shooting-spread.jpg"><img class="wp-image-56922 size-large" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/03/21145948/Parkland-school-shooting-spread-776x1024.jpg" alt="" width="776" height="1024" /></a> The proposed spread in the Sickles High School yearbook, <em>Solleret</em>, that 17-year-old Elizabeth Collins says is being suppressed by her school principal. Photo courtesy Solleret/SPLC[/caption]
Every day, the SPLC receives calls from students seeking legal advice about their press freedom – 800 a year, or more than two a day, says LoMonte. Given the nature of censorship, there are no definitive statistics that paint a complete picture of the magnitude of censorship in schools. However, LoMonte says it's becoming more "blatant."  Every day, the SPLC receives calls from students seeking legal advice about their press freedom – 800 a year, or more than two a day, says LoMonte. Given the nature of censorship, there are no definitive statistics that capture the magnitude of censorship in schools. However, LoMonte says it's becoming more "blatant."
"It used to be embarrassing to be caught censoring, but administrators have so thoroughly convinced themselves that newspaper belongs to them that they don’t bother concealing it or coming up with a cover story," he says. "They go ahead and censor."  "It used to be embarrassing to be caught censoring, but administrators have so thoroughly convinced themselves that newspapers belong to them that they don’t bother concealing it."
“The law makes it easier than it used to be for school officials to silence a story that’s critical of the school," says Mark Goodman, a journalism professor at Kent State’s School of Journalism and Mass Communication. He estimates that "well over half" of student journalists in American public high schools have experienced censorship of some kind. The Hazelwood ruling gave schools a sense that they had “free reign" to relentlessly censor student publications, he says, adding that censorship is an even bigger problem today than it was in 1988, when Hazelwood passed. “The law makes it easier than it used to be for school officials to silence a story that’s critical of the school," says Mark Goodman, a journalism professor at Kent State’s School of Journalism and Mass Communication. He estimates that "well over half" of student journalists in American public high schools have experienced censorship of some kind. The Hazelwood ruling gave schools a sense that they had “free reign" to relentlessly censor student publications, he says, adding that censorship is an even bigger problem today than it was in 1988, when Hazelwood passed.
Most high school principals have the right to inspect a school newspaper or magazine before it’s published. "Prior review," as it's known, is general practice, says LoMonte. But it’s not good practice in students' eyes. Most high school principals have the right to inspect a school newspaper or magazine before it’s published. "Prior review," as it's known, is general practice, says LoMonte. But it’s not good practice in students' eyes.
A story about a teacher being fired for inappropriately texting a student at Herriman High School in Utah <a href="http://www.splc.org/article/2018/01/herriman-high-school-censored-utah">was censored by the school</a> (SPLC). An issue of the student newspaper at Flushing High School in New York that contained an article criticizing a teacher’s performance <a href="https://nypost.com/2017/04/30/principal-pulls-school-paper-that-critiques-teachers-performance/">was pulled</a> (<em>New York Post</em>). An article about a new drug trend at a Warrenton, Virginia, high school was <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/a-principal-yanked-a-drug-article-from-a-student-newspaper-so-it-ran-online/2015/04/05/26588068-d4ce-11e4-ab77-9646eea6a4c7_story.html?utm_term=.bdba881213b3">taken down by a principal</a> who said it was too adult for the publication’s teen readership (<em>Washington Post</em>).  A story about a teacher being fired for inappropriately texting a student <a href="http://www.splc.org/article/2018/01/herriman-high-school-censored-utah">was pulled by Herriman High School in Utah</a>. The Flushing High School student newspaper that contained an article criticizing a teacher’s performance <a href="https://nypost.com/2017/04/30/principal-pulls-school-paper-that-critiques-teachers-performance/">was also censored</a>. An article about a new drug trend at a Warrenton, Virginia, high school was <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/a-principal-yanked-a-drug-article-from-a-student-newspaper-so-it-ran-online/2015/04/05/26588068-d4ce-11e4-ab77-9646eea6a4c7_story.html?utm_term=.bdba881213b3">taken down by a principal</a> who said it was too "adult" for the publication’s student readership.
Censorship is less common but not unheard of in universities, LoMonte says. Unlike high school newspapers, which are mostly <a href="https://works.bepress.com/terryhapney/1/">funded by the institution</a> and created in journalism classes or after school, university papers are usually independently funded and free from interference. Censorship is less common but not unheard of in universities, LoMonte says. Unlike high school newspapers, which are mostly <a href="https://works.bepress.com/terryhapney/1/">funded by the institution</a> and created in journalism classes or after school, university papers are usually independently funded and free from interference.
“It’s financial control that leads to censorship. College media is impervious,” says LoMonte. “It’s financial control that leads to censorship. College media is impervious,” says LoMonte.
<h2>Students replacing local reporters</h2> <h2>Students replacing local reporters</h2>
With more people consuming news digitally, and local newspapers declining (<a href="https://www.statista.com/statistics/183408/number-of-us-daily-newspapers-since-1975/">Statista</a>, <a href="https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/new-media.pdf">Brookings Institution</a>), teenagers are increasingly replacing local reporters as watchdogs of their communities. With more people consuming news digitally, and local newspapers declining (<a href="https://www.statista.com/statistics/183408/number-of-us-daily-newspapers-since-1975/">Statista</a>, <a href="https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/new-media.pdf">Brookings Institution</a>), teenagers are increasingly replacing local reporters as watchdogs of their communities.
“Young people are increasingly the news lifeline for entire communities and not for students," says LoMonte.  
He's concerned that if students aren't unable to cover some stories in the public interest, the local community will be left in the dark. “Young people are increasingly the news lifeline for entire communities and not for students," says LoMonte, who is concerned that without free student journalism some communities will be left in the dark.
"It's not at all uncommon that the only journalist going to local school board meetings is 15 years old," he says. "That's increasingly common. That's the other reason that we can't take censorship lightly anymore." "It's not at all uncommon that the only journalist going to local school board meetings is 15 years old," he says. "That's increasingly common. That's the other reason that we can't take censorship lightly anymore."
[caption id="attachment_55491" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<a href="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/03/15112733/Frank-Lomonte-by-Mark-Schierbecker.jpg"><img class="size-large wp-image-55491" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/03/15112733/Frank-Lomonte-by-Mark-Schierbecker-1024x740.jpg" alt="Frank LoMonte, who was director of the Student Press Law Center for 22 years, at an event on First Amendment Issues in Public Spaces Symposium. Photo by: Mark Schierbecker via Flickr" width="1024" height="740" /></a> Frank LoMonte, who as director of the Student Press Law Center for 22 years defended student press freedom. Photo by: Mark Schierbecker via Flickr[/caption] [caption id="attachment_55491" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<a href="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/03/15112733/Frank-Lomonte-by-Mark-Schierbecker.jpg"><img class="size-large wp-image-55491" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/03/15112733/Frank-Lomonte-by-Mark-Schierbecker-1024x740.jpg" alt="Frank LoMonte, who was director of the Student Press Law Center for 22 years, at an event on First Amendment Issues in Public Spaces Symposium. Photo by: Mark Schierbecker via Flickr" width="1024" height="740" /></a> Frank LoMonte, who as director of the Student Press Law Center for 22 years defended student press freedom. Photo by: Mark Schierbecker via Flickr[/caption]
<h2>'New Voices' fight for First Amendment</h2> <h2>'New Voices' fight for First Amendment</h2>
Retaliation against school control over publications is gaining momentum. The New Voices movement is leading an anti-censorship drive by pushing for laws that explicitly protect student-led media in both high school and college – from school interference.  Retaliation against school censorship is gaining momentum. The New Voices movement advocates for anti-censorship laws to protect student-led media in high school and college.
<a href="http://www.splc.org/article/2018/03/new-voices-act-signed-in-washington">Fourteen states</a>, including California, Oregon, Rhode Island, and most recently <a href="http://www.splc.org/article/2018/03/new-voices-act-signed-in-washington"><span style="font-weight: 400">Washington</span></a> have passed laws that give students stronger free expression protection than Hazelwood. However, <a href="https://www.rcfp.org/browse-media-law-resources/news/nationwide-movement-protecting-student-press-censorship-gains-moment">six of them</a> (Colorado, Kansas, Arkansas, Iowa, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts) protect only high school students. <a href="http://www.splc.org/article/2018/03/new-voices-act-signed-in-washington">Fourteen states</a>, including California, Oregon, Rhode Island, and most recently <a href="http://www.splc.org/article/2018/03/new-voices-act-signed-in-washington"><span style="font-weight: 400">Washington</span></a> have passed laws that give students stronger free expression protection than Hazelwood. However, <a href="https://www.rcfp.org/browse-media-law-resources/news/nationwide-movement-protecting-student-press-censorship-gains-moment">six of them</a> (Colorado, Kansas, Arkansas, Iowa, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts) protect only high school students.
<span style="font-weight: 400">"New Voices is trying to 'cure' the illness that is the Hazelwood ruling," says Ryan Gunterman, executive director of the Indiana High School Press Association, which supports high school reporters. </span><span style="font-weight: 400">"Schools can be havens for First Amendment rights either by policy or practice, so the passage of New Voices legislation would make that happen for all schools within the state."</span> <span style="font-weight: 400">"New Voices is trying to 'cure' the illness that is the Hazelwood ruling," says Ryan Gunterman, executive director of the Indiana High School Press Association, which supports high school reporters. </span><span style="font-weight: 400">"Schools can be havens for First Amendment rights either by policy or practice, so the passage of New Voices legislation would make that happen for all schools within the state."</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">Bills to protect student journalists are in some stage in six states, </span><span style="font-weight: 400">including <a href="https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/bills/2017/a9801">New York</a>. </span><span style="font-weight: 400">In February, a <a href="http://iga.in.gov/legislative/2018/bills/house/1016">bill to preserve student press freedom in Indiana</a> <a href="https://www.indystar.com/story/news/education/2018/02/05/indiana-law-protect-student-journalists-dies-house/309398002/">failed to pass</a>.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400">Bills to protect student journalists are in some stage in six states, </span><span style="font-weight: 400">including <a href="https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/bills/2017/a9801">New York</a>. </span><span style="font-weight: 400">In February, a <a href="http://iga.in.gov/legislative/2018/bills/house/1016">bill to preserve student press freedom in Indiana</a> <a href="https://www.indystar.com/story/news/education/2018/02/05/indiana-law-protect-student-journalists-dies-house/309398002/">failed to pass</a>.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">But some students aren't aware of policies that protect them, and censorship is still occurring in states with student press protections, says LoMonte, who receives more calls from California (which has protections) than any other state. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400">But some students aren't aware of policies that protect them, and censorship is still occurring in states with student press protections, says LoMonte, who receives more calls from California (which has protections) than any other state. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">"</span>New Voices acts don't cure censorship overnight," he says. "There are people who either don't know that the laws exist or are hoping that the students don't know that the laws exist." <span style="font-weight: 400">"</span>New Voices acts don't cure censorship overnight," he says. "There are people who either don't know that the laws exist or are hoping that the students don't know that the laws exist."
Even young people who do understand their rights aren't using them.  
"They learn to self-censor, so they stop themselves from even coming up with these ideas because they think, 'What's the point of coming up with an idea if the principal or the teacher isn't gonna let me do it,'" says <span style="font-weight: 400">Katina Paron, an advocate for First Amendment rights for students in New York.</span>  Even young people who do understand their rights aren't using them. "They learn to self-censor, so they stop themselves from even coming up with these ideas because they think, 'What's the point of coming up with an idea if the principal or the teacher isn't gonna let me do it,'" says <span style="font-weight: 400">Katina Paron, an advocate for First Amendment rights for students in New York.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">In Paron's </span><a href="https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSevnPhBO2RT_C5m-TuoReHPtf4FFN1m8_Nwtoesh8SjtQy03g/viewform"><span style="font-weight: 400">survey </span></a>of 62 high school journalists<span style="font-weight: 400"> that asked students about censorship, 53 percent reported they'd had content censored before publication. Of those students, 60 percent said the reason they'd been censored was a negative portrayal of the school, while 73 percent said the reason given was controversial or "inappropriate" content.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400">In Paron's </span><a href="https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSevnPhBO2RT_C5m-TuoReHPtf4FFN1m8_Nwtoesh8SjtQy03g/viewform"><span style="font-weight: 400">survey </span></a>of 62 high school journalists<span style="font-weight: 400"> that asked students about censorship, 53 percent reported they'd had content censored before publication. Of those students, 60 percent said the reason they'd been censored was a negative portrayal of the school, while 73 percent said the reason given was controversial or "inappropriate" content.</span>
"When I'm working with students not in a school-based environment, and we talk about the school paper, [a lot of them say] the paper sucks ... and their papers suck because there's administrative censorship that's happening," says Paron. "When I'm working with students not in a school-based environment, and we talk about the school paper, [a lot of them say] the paper sucks ... and their papers suck because there's administrative censorship that's happening," says Paron.
<h2>Student journalism losing purpose</h2> <h2>Student journalism losing purpose</h2>
"<span style="font-weight: 400">We’ve had about a dozen things cut in my time here but the reasoning always varies," says </span>Grace Marion<span style="font-weight: 400">, editor in chief at Pennsylvania's</span> <span style="font-weight: 400">Neshaminy High School newspaper, <em>Playwickian, </em>and member of the newspaper's staff for four years. The 18-year-old explains the newspaper is <a href="https://playwickian.com/about/">subject to a strict policy of review,</a> so she keeps a document of some of the censorship on her <a href="https://gracemarion928.wixsite.com/joyportfolio/law-and-ethics">online portfolio</a>. </span> "<span style="font-weight: 400">We’ve had about a dozen things cut in my time here but the reasoning always varies," says </span>Grace Marion<span style="font-weight: 400">, editor in chief at Pennsylvania's</span> <span style="font-weight: 400">Neshaminy High School newspaper, <em>Playwickian, </em>and member of the newspaper's staff for four years. The 18-year-old explains the newspaper is <a href="https://playwickian.com/about/">subject to a strict policy of review,</a> so she keeps a document of some of the censorship on her <a href="https://gracemarion928.wixsite.com/joyportfolio/law-and-ethics">online portfolio</a>. </span>
"W<span style="font-weight: 400">hat can and cannot be published is fairly unpredictable," Marion says. "I have printed a glowing review of 'Naked Lunch' and an interview with a musician talking about trading music for weed at 14, but I can’t print kids’ quotes talking about how they want to work harder in school in the New Year." </span> "W<span style="font-weight: 400">hat can and cannot be published is fairly unpredictable," Marion says. "I have printed a glowing review of 'Naked Lunch' and an interview with a musician talking about trading music for weed at 14, but I can’t print kids’ quotes talking about how they want to work harder in school in the New Year." </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">Similarly, articles about sexually transmitted disease rates, the effects of self-harming, and an article by Marion about an alleged armed robbery of a student at her school <a href="https://gracemarion928.wixsite.com/joyportfolio/law-and-ethics">were also cut</a>.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400">Similarly, articles about sexually transmitted disease rates, the effects of self-harming, and an article by Marion about an alleged armed robbery of a student at her school <a href="https://gracemarion928.wixsite.com/joyportfolio/law-and-ethics">were also cut</a>.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">"Sometimes they accuse us of writing lies regardless of how many people confirmed a story and other times they won’t even give a reason besides that they have the power to do it," she says.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400">"Sometimes they accuse us of writing lies regardless of how many people confirmed a story and other times they won’t even give a reason besides that they have the power to do it," she says.</span>
[caption id="attachment_55653" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<a href="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/03/15152053/Grace-Marion.jpg"><img class="size-large wp-image-55653" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/03/15152053/Grace-Marion-1024x768.jpg" alt="" width="1024" height="768" /></a> Grace Marion, the 18-year-old editor in chief of a Pennsylvania high school newspaper says her school's review policy is one of strictest in the United States. Photo by: Grace Marion[/caption] [caption id="attachment_55653" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<a href="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/03/15152053/Grace-Marion.jpg"><img class="size-large wp-image-55653" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/03/15152053/Grace-Marion-1024x768.jpg" alt="" width="1024" height="768" /></a> Grace Marion, the 18-year-old editor in chief of a Pennsylvania high school newspaper says her school's review policy is one of strictest in the United States. Photo by: Grace Marion[/caption]
Along with the feeling of powerlessness that comes with censorship, student journalists who have had articles binned are questioning their work.  Along with the feeling of powerlessness that comes with censorship, student journalists who have had articles binned are questioning their work. "It makes you want to stop writing, to know that anything you write might just be tossed out," says Marion.
"It makes you want to stop writing, to know that anything you write might just be tossed out," says Marion.  
<em>The National School Boards Association declined an interview request and an interview with the New York State School Boards Association is pending.</em> <em>The National School Boards Association declined an interview request and an interview with the New York State School Boards Association is pending.</em>
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censorship, first amendment, Frank Lomonte, Freedom of information, freedom of the press, high school, Indiana High School Press Association, New Voices, Student Press Law Center censorship, first amendment, Frank Lomonte, Freedom of information, freedom of the press, high school, Indiana High School Press Association, New Voices, Student Press Law Center
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<p>This story was suggested by WikiTribune community member Mark Wasson.</p> <p>This story was suggested by WikiTribune community member Mark Wasson.</p>

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