• Revision ID 96587 REVISION
  • 2019-02-18 11:24:25
  • by Fiona Apps (talk | contribs)
  • Note: Published. Added picture and tags.
  • Revision ID 96699 REVISION
  • 2019-02-20 16:17:59
  • by James Chirgwin (talk | contribs)
  • Note: Added information on long term effect of measles on an individual
 
   
Title Title
European measles outbreak sees record number of cases in 2018 European measles outbreak sees record number of cases in 2018
Summary Summary
European area sees more than 80,000 cases of measles in 2018, triple the number of the previous year in a "preventable tragedy" European area sees more than 80,000 cases of measles in 2018, triple the number of the previous year in a "preventable tragedy"
Highlights Highlights
Content Content
Europe saw over <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized">82,000 measles cases</a> in 2018, with <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized">72 deaths</a> across the region according to World Health Organisation <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">(WHO) data</a>, 3 times the reported number of cases in 2017 and 15 times the<a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized"> record low total of 2016.</a> Europe saw over <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized">82,000 measles cases</a> in 2018, with <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized">72 deaths</a> across the region according to World Health Organisation <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">(WHO) data</a>, 3 times the reported number of cases in 2017 and 15 times the<a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized"> record low total of 2016.</a>
Ukraine saw the largest number of measles cases in Europe out of any one nation- <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">over 53,000 cases reported</a>, <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-47157020">10 times</a> the number of 2017. Serbia (5,076) and Israel (2,919) were the next two highest nations, followed by France (2,913), Italy (2,919), Russia (2,256), Georgia (2,203), Greece (2,193), Albania (1,466) and Romania (1,087). <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">92% of cases occurred in these 10 nations</a> with the highest number of cases. <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">Only 6 out of 53</a> countries in the European area had no reported measles cases, though only Tajikistan and Turkmenistan had populations over 400,000 of these nations. Ukraine saw the largest number of measles cases in Europe out of any one nation- <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">over 53,000 cases reported</a>, <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-47157020">10 times</a> the number of 2017. Serbia (5,076) and Israel (2,919) were the next two highest nations, followed by France (2,913), Italy (2,919), Russia (2,256), Georgia (2,203), Greece (2,193), Albania (1,466) and Romania (1,087). <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">92% of cases occurred in these 10 nations</a> with the highest number of cases. <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">Only 6 out of 53</a> countries in the European area had no reported measles cases, though only Tajikistan and Turkmenistan had populations over 400,000 of these nations.
In countries reporting hospitalisation data,<a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized"> 61%</a> of those with measles required hospitalisation. In countries reporting hospitalisation data,<a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized"> 61%</a> of those with measles required hospitalisation.
"The picture for 2018 makes it clear that the current pace of progress in raising immunization rates will be insufficient to stop measles circulation," <a href="https://news.un.org/en/story/2019/02/1032171">said</a> <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/about-us/regional-director/biography">Dr. Zsuzsanna Jakab</a>, Director of the WHO’s European Regional Office. "We must do more and do it better to protect each and every person from diseases that can be easily avoided." "The picture for 2018 makes it clear that the current pace of progress in raising immunization rates will be insufficient to stop measles circulation," <a href="https://news.un.org/en/story/2019/02/1032171">said</a> <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/about-us/regional-director/biography">Dr. Zsuzsanna Jakab</a>, Director of the WHO’s European Regional Office. "We must do more and do it better to protect each and every person from diseases that can be easily avoided."
The measles outbreak comes despite record high levels of vaccinations in the European area in 2017, the year in which 90% of children received the recommended second dose of the vaccine. <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized">According to the WHO, at least 95%</a> of the population need to be immune (through two doses of the vaccine or previous exposure to the virus) to ensure <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/vaccines-and-immunization/data-and-statistics/infographics/infographic-herd-immunity-fighting-measles-is-a-shared-responsibility-2018">'herd immunity'</a> for the at-risk community- including children too young to be vaccinated and those who cannot be vaccinated for other medical reasons. Britain's National Health Service <a href="https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vaccinations/measles-outbreak-advice/">suggests</a> about 1 in 5 children with measles experience complications such as pneumonia, ear infections, diarrhoea and vomiting, meningitis, and eye disorders.  The measles outbreak comes despite record high levels of vaccinations in the European area in 2017, the year in which 90% of children received the recommended second dose of the vaccine. <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized">According to the WHO, at least 95%</a> of the population need to be immune (through two doses of the vaccine or previous exposure to the virus) to ensure <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/vaccines-and-immunization/data-and-statistics/infographics/infographic-herd-immunity-fighting-measles-is-a-shared-responsibility-2018">'herd immunity'</a> for the at-risk community- including children too young to be vaccinated and those who cannot be vaccinated for other medical reasons.
  <p style="padding-left: 30px;">Those infected with measles may have long term health defecits related to the infection, and are at an increased rate of non-measles related infections. Britain's National Health Service <a href="https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vaccinations/measles-outbreak-advice/">suggests</a> about 1 in 5 children with measles experience complications such as pneumonia, ear infections, diarrhoea and vomiting, meningitis, and eye disorders. There is also <a href="https://academic.oup.com/jid/article/189/Supplement_1/S4/823958">evidence</a> to show that measles can lead to long term complications, including neurolgocial defecits including <a href="https://academic.oup.com/jid/article/189/Supplement_1/S4/823958">blindness, motor defecits and partial paralysis. </a> Long term measles infection is <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4823017/#!po=90.8163">believed</a> to <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3431343/?report=reader">reduce</a> the immune system of those infected, maling them more <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4823017/#!po=90.8163">prone to oppurtunistic infections for months to weeks after the infection</a>, with an effect on the immune system that may last for several years. Empirical research has also demonstrated the long-term benefits of <a href="http://academic.oup.com/…/Supplement_1/S4/823958">measles vaccination in preventing all-cause infectious disease</a>.</p>
A vaccine against measles has existed <a href="https://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/articles/measles">since the 1960's</a> and the estimated cost to vaccinate a child is approximately <a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/measles">$US 1.</a> The WHO reports <a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/measles">an estimated 80% drop in measles related deaths</a> since 2000 due to vaccination. A vaccine against measles has existed <a href="https://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/articles/measles">since the 1960's</a> and the estimated cost to vaccinate a child is approximately <a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/measles">$US 1.</a> The WHO reports <a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/measles">an estimated 80% drop in measles related deaths</a> since 2000 due to vaccination.
<strong>Also on WikiTribune: <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/article/84781/">The comeback of vaccine-preventable diseases</a></strong> <strong>Also on WikiTribune: <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/article/84781/">The comeback of vaccine-preventable diseases</a></strong>
Categories Categories
Article type Article type
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Europe, measles, vaccination, World Health Organization Europe, measles, vaccination, World Health Organization
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Sources Sources
<p><a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1" rel="nofollow">Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report, February 2019 – ECDC (pdf)</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1" rel="nofollow">Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report, February 2019 – ECDC (pdf)</a></p>
<p><a href="https://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/number-measles-cases-month-and-notification-rate-million-population-country-8" rel="nofollow">Number of measles cases by month and notification rate per million population by country, EU/EEA, 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018 — ECDC</a></p> <p><a href="https://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/number-measles-cases-month-and-notification-rate-million-population-country-8" rel="nofollow">Number of measles cases by month and notification rate per million population by country, EU/EEA, 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018 — ECDC</a></p>
<p><a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized" rel="nofollow">Measles in Europe: record number of both sick and immunized — WHO</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized" rel="nofollow">Measles in Europe: record number of both sick and immunized — WHO</a></p>
<p><a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized/measles-cases-and-mcv1-and-mcv2-coverage-in-the-who-european-region,-2009-2018" rel="nofollow">Measles cases and MCV1 &amp; MCV2 coverage in the WHO European Region, 2009 – 2018 — WHO</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized/measles-cases-and-mcv1-and-mcv2-coverage-in-the-who-european-region,-2009-2018" rel="nofollow">Measles cases and MCV1 &amp; MCV2 coverage in the WHO European Region, 2009 – 2018 — WHO</a></p>
<p><a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/measles" rel="nofollow">Measles fact sheet — WHO</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/measles" rel="nofollow">Measles fact sheet — WHO</a></p>
<p><a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/vaccines-and-immunization/data-and-statistics/infographics/infographic-herd-immunity-fighting-measles-is-a-shared-responsibility-2018" rel="nofollow">Infographic – Herd immunity: Fighting measles is a shared responsibility (2018) — WHO</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/vaccines-and-immunization/data-and-statistics/infographics/infographic-herd-immunity-fighting-measles-is-a-shared-responsibility-2018" rel="nofollow">Infographic – Herd immunity: Fighting measles is a shared responsibility (2018) — WHO</a></p>
<p><a href="https://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/number-measles-deaths-country-eueea-1-january-2018-31-december-2018-n34" rel="nofollow">Number of measles deaths by country, EU/EEA, 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018 (n=34) — ECDC</a></p> <p><a href="https://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/number-measles-deaths-country-eueea-1-january-2018-31-december-2018-n34" rel="nofollow">Number of measles deaths by country, EU/EEA, 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018 (n=34) — ECDC</a></p>
<p><a href="https://news.un.org/en/story/2019/02/1032171" rel="nofollow">Measles in Europe: infection rates highest in a decade, says UN health agency — UN News</a></p> <p><a href="https://news.un.org/en/story/2019/02/1032171" rel="nofollow">Measles in Europe: infection rates highest in a decade, says UN health agency — UN News</a></p>
<p><a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2013/04/measles-costs" rel="nofollow">Measles costs — WHO</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2013/04/measles-costs" rel="nofollow">Measles costs — WHO</a></p>
<p><a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/about-us/regional-director/biography" rel="nofollow">Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe — WHO</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/about-us/regional-director/biography" rel="nofollow">Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe — WHO</a></p>
<p><a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-47157020" rel="nofollow">Measles cases in Europe tripled last year, WHO says — BBC</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-47157020" rel="nofollow">Measles cases in Europe tripled last year, WHO says — BBC</a></p>
<p><a href="https://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/articles/measles" rel="nofollow">Measles– A History of vaccines (from the College of Physicians of Philadelphia )</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/articles/measles" rel="nofollow">Measles– A History of vaccines (from the College of Physicians of Philadelphia )</a></p>
<p><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/article/84781/">The comeback of vaccine-preventable diseases —  WikiTribune</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/article/84781/">The comeback of vaccine-preventable diseases —  WikiTribune</a></p>

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