Title Title
European measles outbreak sees record number of cases in 2018 European measles outbreak sees record number of cases in 2018
Summary Summary
European areas sees more than 80,000 cases of measles in 2018, triple the number of the previous year in a "Preventable tragedy" European areas sees more than 80,000 cases of measles in 2018, triple the number of the previous year in a "Preventable tragedy"
Highlights Highlights
Content Content
Europe saw over <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized">82,000 measles cases</a> in 2018, with <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized">72 deaths</a> across the region according to World Health Organisation <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">(WHO) data</a>, 3 times the reported number of cases in 2017, and 15 times the<a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized"> record low total of 2016.</a>  Europe saw over <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized">82,000 measles cases</a> in 2018, with <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized">72 deaths</a> across the region according to World Health Organisation <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">(WHO) data</a>, 3 times the reported number of cases in 2017 and 15 times the<a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized"> record low total of 2016.</a>
Ukraine saw the largest number of measles cases in Europe out of any one nation- <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">over 53,000 cases reported</a>, <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-47157020">10 times</a> the number of 2017. Serbia (5,076) and Israel (2,919) were the next two highest nations, followed by France (2,913), Italy (2,919), Russia (2,256), Georgia (2,203), Greece (2,193), Albania (1,466) and Romania (1,087). <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">92% of cases occurred in these 10 nations</a> with the highest number of cases. In countries reporting hospitalisation data,<a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized"> 61%</a> of those with measles required hospitalisation. Ukraine saw the largest number of measles cases in Europe out of any one nation- <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">over 53,000 cases reported</a>, <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-47157020">10 times</a> the number of 2017. Serbia (5,076) and Israel (2,919) were the next two highest nations, followed by France (2,913), Italy (2,919), Russia (2,256), Georgia (2,203), Greece (2,193), Albania (1,466) and Romania (1,087). <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/394060/2019_01_Epi_Data_EN_Jan-Dec-2018.pdf?ua=1">92% of cases occurred in these 10 nations</a> with the highest number of cases. In countries reporting hospitalisation data,<a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized"> 61%</a> of those with measles required hospitalisation.
"The picture for 2018 makes it clear that the current pace of progress in raising immunization rates will be insufficient to stop measles circulation," <a href="https://news.un.org/en/story/2019/02/1032171">said</a> <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/about-us/regional-director/biography">Dr. Zsuzsanna Jakab</a>, Director of the WHO’s European Regional Office. "We must do more and do it better to protect each and every person from diseases that can be easily avoided." "The picture for 2018 makes it clear that the current pace of progress in raising immunization rates will be insufficient to stop measles circulation," <a href="https://news.un.org/en/story/2019/02/1032171">said</a> <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/about-us/regional-director/biography">Dr. Zsuzsanna Jakab</a>, Director of the WHO’s European Regional Office. "We must do more and do it better to protect each and every person from diseases that can be easily avoided."
The measles outbreak comes despite record high levels of vaccinations in the European area in 2017, the year in which 90% of children received the recommended second dose of the vaccine. <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized">According to the WHO, at least 95%</a> of the population need to be immune (through two doses of the vaccine or previous exposure to the virus) to ensure <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/vaccines-and-immunization/data-and-statistics/infographics/infographic-herd-immunity-fighting-measles-is-a-shared-responsibility-2018">'herd immunity'</a> for the at-risk community- including children too young to be vaccinated and those who cannot be vaccinated for other medical reasons. Britain's National Health Service <a href="https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vaccinations/measles-outbreak-advice/">suggests</a> about 1 in 5 children with measles experience complications such as pneumonia, ear infections, diarrhoea and vomiting, meningitis, and eye disorders. The measles outbreak comes despite record high levels of vaccinations in the European area in 2017, the year in which 90% of children received the recommended second dose of the vaccine. <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2019/measles-in-europe-record-number-of-both-sick-and-immunized">According to the WHO, at least 95%</a> of the population need to be immune (through two doses of the vaccine or previous exposure to the virus) to ensure <a href="http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/vaccines-and-immunization/data-and-statistics/infographics/infographic-herd-immunity-fighting-measles-is-a-shared-responsibility-2018">'herd immunity'</a> for the at-risk community- including children too young to be vaccinated and those who cannot be vaccinated for other medical reasons. Britain's National Health Service <a href="https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vaccinations/measles-outbreak-advice/">suggests</a> about 1 in 5 children with measles experience complications such as pneumonia, ear infections, diarrhoea and vomiting, meningitis, and eye disorders.
A vaccine against measles has existed <a href="https://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/articles/measles">since the 1960's</a> and the estimated cost to vaccinate a child is approximately <a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/measles">$US 1.</a> The WHO reports <a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/measles">an estimated 80% drop in measles related deaths</a> since 2000 due to vaccination. A vaccine against measles has existed <a href="https://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/articles/measles">since the 1960's</a> and the estimated cost to vaccinate a child is approximately <a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/measles">$US 1.</a> The WHO reports <a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/measles">an estimated 80% drop in measles related deaths</a> since 2000 due to vaccination.
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