• Revision ID 95483 REVISION
  • 2019-01-04 11:36:38
  • by Steven Abbott (talk | contribs)
  • Note: Added captions to help explain the graphs
  • Revision ID 95524 REVISION
  • 2019-01-06 20:51:54
  • by Sebastian Abbott (talk | contribs)
  • Note: Re-ordered the number of articles per paper highest to lowest. Changed graphic to stacked chart showing percentages of headline temperature.
 
   
Title Title
The "temperature" of knife crime headlines The "temperature" of knife crime headlines
Summary Summary
How UK newspapers choose to report on knife crime How UK newspapers choose to report on knife crime
Highlights Highlights
Content Content
A key <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/article/95421/">WikiTribune question</a> to London Mayor Sadiq Khan was about knife crime. As he says, "The causes of violent crime are extremely complex" and the solutions, therefore are not easy. A <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/membership/2018/jun/21/radical-lessons-knife-crime-beyond-the-blade">series of articles in the Guardian by Gary Younge</a> shows this complexity in careful detail and his research shows that of the many popular solutions ( such as "lock-em up", "stop-and-search", "more bobbies on the beat", "more youth interventions", "follow the Scotland example") some are of little value and others will take the sort of long-term commitment that it is hard for societies to agree to. A key <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/article/95421/">WikiTribune question</a> to London Mayor Sadiq Khan was about knife crime. As he says, "The causes of violent crime are extremely complex" and the solutions, therefore are not easy. A <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/membership/2018/jun/21/radical-lessons-knife-crime-beyond-the-blade">series of articles in the Guardian by Gary Younge</a> shows this complexity in careful detail and his research shows that of the many popular solutions ( such as "lock-em up", "stop-and-search", "more bobbies on the beat", "more youth interventions", "follow the Scotland example") some are of little value and others will take the sort of long-term commitment that it is hard for societies to agree to.
It would be easier to reach a consensus if difficult topics were discussed with some degree of cool analysis. It is a commonplace that politicians have to respond to heated demands from the tabloid press. So an interesting question is how heated these demands really are. It would be easier to reach a consensus if difficult topics were discussed with some degree of cool analysis. It is a commonplace that politicians have to respond to heated demands from the tabloid press. So an interesting question is how heated these demands really are.
Here is one attempt at an analysis. The phrase "knife crime" was entered into <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LexisNexis">LexisNexis</a>, with responses limited to headlines in UK newspapers for the last year. The results were downloaded into Excel, obvious duplicates were removed, leading to 500 headlines. Newspapers were sorted into major groups (so "Mail" contains headlines from the Daily Mail and also the Mail Online) and groups with small numbers of relevant headlines (Star and Sun) were omitted from the analysis. Here is one attempt at an analysis. The phrase "knife crime" was entered into <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LexisNexis">LexisNexis</a>, with responses limited to headlines in UK newspapers for the last year. The results were downloaded into Excel, obvious duplicates were removed, leading to 500 headlines. Newspapers were sorted into major groups (so "Mail" contains headlines from the Daily Mail and also the Mail Online) and groups with small numbers of relevant headlines (Star and Sun) were omitted from the analysis.
  Headlines were then graded in terms of their "temperature", from 1 which is ice-cold factual to 5 which contains BLAZING capitals and EMOTIONAL TERMS. The gradings are subjective. The dataset is available on request if others would like to attempt a more objective analysis. An additional piece of data is how often each paper contained a headline containing "knife crime": Express 93; <span style="float: none;background-color: #ffffff;color: #333333;cursor: text;font-family: Georgia,'Times New Roman','Bitstream Charter',Times,serif;font-size: 16px;font-style: normal;font-variant: normal;font-weight: 400;letter-spacing: normal;text-align: left;text-decoration: none;text-indent: 0px">Mirror 82; </span>Independent 70; Mail 70; Telegraph 66; <span style="float: none;background-color: #ffffff;color: #333333;cursor: text;font-family: Georgia,'Times New Roman','Bitstream Charter',Times,serif;font-size: 16px;font-style: normal;font-variant: normal;font-weight: 400;letter-spacing: normal;text-align: left;text-decoration: none;text-indent: 0px">Guardian 50; </span>Times 27.
Headlines were then graded in terms of their "temperature", from 1 which is ice-cold factual to 5 which contains BLAZING capitals and EMOTIONAL TERMS. The gradings are subjective. The dataset is available on request if others would like to attempt a more objective analysis. An additional piece of data is how often each paper contained a headline containing "knife crime": Express 93; Guardian 50; Independent 70; Mail 70; Mirror 82; Telegraph 66; Times 27. &nbsp;
Readers can draw their own conclusions about the nature of the knife crime debate within the UK media. Readers can draw their own conclusions about the nature of the knife crime debate within the UK media.
Alternative views of the data might appeal to different readers. Here is one alternative using absolute numbers so that the newspapers relative interests in the topics also stand out:  
[caption id="attachment_95468" align="aligncenter" width="432"]<img class="wp-image-95468 size-full" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2019/01/04085502/KnifeCrimeStacked.png" alt="" width="432" height="337" /> For each newspaper, the number of headlines of each "temperature" is shown as a horizontal line. The Guardian, for example, has a lot of Icy articles while the Express has plenty of Warm, Hot and Flaming articles[/caption]  
And here are the same data normalized to 100 to give a better idea of the relative use of different headline temperatures:  
[caption id="attachment_95469" align="aligncenter" width="431"]<img class="wp-image-95469 size-full" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2019/01/04085722/KnifeCrimeStackedNormalized.png" alt="" width="431" height="337" /> For each newspaper, the number of headlines of each "temperature" is shown as a horizontal line. The Guardian, for example, has a lot of Icy articles while the Express has plenty of Warm, Hot and Flaming articles. In this plot the total number of headlines has been set to 100 so the relative heats are more easily seen.[/caption]  
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Categories Categories
Article type Article type
Tags Tags
  Knife Crime, Reporting
Author byline Author byline
No No
Has hero Has hero
Yes Yes
Hero Alignment Hero Alignment
full full
Hero Image URL Hero Image URL
https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2019/01/02221512/KnifeCrime1-150x150.png None
Featured Image URL Featured Image URL
https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2019/01/02221512/KnifeCrime1.png  
Sources Sources

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