Title Title
U.S. Senator Kamala Harris is seen after meeting with U.S. Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh at the Dirksen Senate Office Building in Washington Fact check: Kamala Harris's claims on maternal mortality in the US
Summary Summary
  WikiTribune is fact checking Senator Harris's tweet about maternal mortality
Highlights Highlights
Content Content
  On August 23 2018, California Senator Kamala Harris made <a href="https://twitter.com/KamalaHarris/status/1032742526489247744">two claims</a> about maternal mortality on her Twitter account. She wrote:
U.S. Senator Kamala Harris is seen after meeting with U.S. Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh at the Dirksen Senate Office Building in Washington, U.S., August 21, 2018. REUTERS/Alex Wroblewski <strong>Claim 1: </strong>The U.S. is one of just 13 countries where the rate of maternal mortality is higher than 25 years ago.
  <strong>Fact check:</strong>
  This claim is corroborated by Leontine Alkema, PhD, Dr Doris Chou, MD, Daniel Hogan, PhD, et al., in their <a href="https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(15)00838-7/fulltext">study</a> published in <em>The Lancet</em> in 2016 wherein they compare maternal mortality rates from 183 countries using data compiled from various state agencies from the period of 1990 to 2015 (i.e. 25 years). Their dataset is available <a href="https://www.thelancet.com/cms/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00838-7/attachment/a65ef065-2a8d-4991-a5a2-d3d572f01617/mmc1.pdf">here</a> in PDF form. Table 3 contains the raw data. Comparing these numbers confirms 13 of the 183 countries compared in the study had higher mortality rates in 2015 than 1990. They were:
   <li>Democratic People's Republic of Korea</li>
   <li>Saint Lucia</li>
   <li>South Africa</li>
   <li>United States of America</li>
  Alkema, L. et al. <a href="https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(15)00838-7/fulltext">Global, regional, and national levels and trends in maternal mortality between 1990 and 2015, with scenario-based projections to 2030: a systematic analysis by the UN Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group</a>. Lancet 387, 462–474 (2016).
  <strong>True</strong>, as of 2015, according to Alkema et al.
  <strong>Claim 2: </strong>The risk of death for Black women from pregnancy-related causes is 3 to 4 times higher than the same risk for white women.
  <strong>Fact check:</strong>
  The report issued by center for disease control and prevention titled <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/maternalinfanthealth/pregnancy-mortality-surveillance-system.htm">pregnancy mortality surveillance system</a> says:
  Considerable racial disparities in pregnancy-related mortality exist. During 2011-2014, the pregnancy-related mortality ratios were:
   <li>12.4 deaths per 100,000 live births for white women.</li>
   <li>40.0 deaths per 100,000 live births for black women.</li>
   <li>17.8 deaths per 100,000 live births for women of other races.</li>
Categories Categories
  Current Affairs, Health, Medicine, United States, Health
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  fact check, Kamala Harris
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  <p><em>The Lancet</em> report:</p>
  <p><a href="https://www.thelancet.com/cms/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00838-7/attachment/a65ef065-2a8d-4991-a5a2-d3d572f01617/mmc1.pdf" rel="nofollow">https://www.thelancet.com/cms/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00838-7/attachment/a65ef065-2a8d-4991-a5a2-d3d572f01617/mmc1.pdf</a></p>
  <p>CDC report:</p>
  <p><a href="https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/maternalinfanthealth/pregnancy-mortality-surveillance-system.htm" rel="nofollow">https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/maternalinfanthealth/pregnancy-mortality-surveillance-system.htm</a></p>

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