Title Title
The European politicking defining the refugee crisis The European politicking defining the refugee crisis
Summary Summary
Competing domestic concerns are causing familiar immigration problems to repeat themselves Competing domestic concerns are causing familiar immigration problems to repeat themselves
Highlights Highlights
Content Content
<strong>While the numbers of refugees and migrants attempting to cross the Mediterranean have conitnued to fall since their peak in 2015, European leaders appear more uncertain or unwilling to deal with the crisis than ever. Competing domestic demands and diplomatic pressures continue to define the fates of people desperate enough to attempt the crossing.</strong> <strong>While the numbers of refugees and migrants attempting to cross the Mediterranean have conitnued to fall since their peak in 2015, European leaders appear more uncertain or unwilling to deal with the crisis than ever. Competing domestic demands and diplomatic pressures continue to define the fates of people desperate enough to attempt the crossing.</strong>
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<span style="font-weight: 400">The </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">Aquarius </span></i><span style="font-weight: 400">rescue ship, operated by </span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SOS_M%C3%A9diterran%C3%A9e"><span style="font-weight: 400">SOS Méditerranée</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> and </span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%A9decins_Sans_Fronti%C3%A8res"><span style="font-weight: 400">Médecins Sans Frontières</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> was <a href="https://onboard-aquarius.org/?utm_source=Presseverteiler+%28deutsch%29&amp;utm_campaign=f8704138b9-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_06_01_02_34_COPY_01&amp;utm_medium=email&amp;utm_term=0_58af462b45-f8704138b9-">left in limbo</a> for the second time this year on August 11 when the Italian and Maltese governments denied it permission to dock and unload 141 rescued migrants.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400">The </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">Aquarius </span></i><span style="font-weight: 400">rescue ship, operated by </span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SOS_M%C3%A9diterran%C3%A9e"><span style="font-weight: 400">SOS Méditerranée</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> and </span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%A9decins_Sans_Fronti%C3%A8res"><span style="font-weight: 400">Médecins Sans Frontières</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> was <a href="https://onboard-aquarius.org/?utm_source=Presseverteiler+%28deutsch%29&amp;utm_campaign=f8704138b9-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_06_01_02_34_COPY_01&amp;utm_medium=email&amp;utm_term=0_58af462b45-f8704138b9-">left in limbo</a> for the second time this year on August 11 when the Italian and Maltese governments denied it permission to dock and unload 141 rescued migrants.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">The British territory of Gibraltar revoked the </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">Aqurius</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400">’s registration, in a bid to disavow any obligation to offer shelter to a ship flying under its flag and the ship was left in limbo until the Spanish government announced an agreement had been struck to share the ship’s passengers between six countries.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400">The British territory of Gibraltar revoked the </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">Aqurius</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400">’s registration, in a bid to disavow any obligation to offer shelter to a ship flying under its flag and the ship was left in limbo until the Spanish government announced an agreement had been struck to share the ship’s passengers between six countries.</span>
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<span style="font-weight: 400">It was the second time the </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">Aquarius</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400">, one of the few ships still running search and rescue missions, had been left adrift with rescued people on board, since early June.</span>  It was<span style="font-weight: 400"> the second time the </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">Aquarius</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400">, one of the few ships still running search and rescue missions, had been left adrift with rescued people on board, since early June.</span>
<strong>Italy</strong> <strong>Italy</strong>
<ul> <ul>
<li><span style="font-weight: 400">The governing coalition, featuring the populist </span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Star_Movement"><span style="font-weight: 400">Five Star Movement</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">, assumed office on June 1, promising to stop accepting refugees and migrants.</span></li>  <li><span style="font-weight: 400">The governing coalition, featuring the populist </span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Star_Movement"><span style="font-weight: 400">Five Star Movement</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">, assumed office on June 1, promising to stop accepting refugees and migrants.</span></li>
<li><span style="font-weight: 400">On June 10, it </span><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/06/11/immigration/over-600-migrants-in-limbo-after-italy-blocks-access-to-rescue-boat/74294/"><span style="font-weight: 400">refused port entry</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> to the <em>Aquarius</em>, which was holding 630 rescued migrants.</span></li>  <li><span style="font-weight: 400">On June 10, it </span><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/06/11/immigration/over-600-migrants-in-limbo-after-italy-blocks-access-to-rescue-boat/74294/"><span style="font-weight: 400">refused port entry</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> to the <em>Aquarius</em>, which was holding 630 rescued migrants.</span></li>
<li>When Italy, along with Malta, again refused the Aquarius permission to dock on August 11, Transport Minister Danilo Toninelli called on Britain to offer refuge as the ship was originally flying under the flag of Gibraltar.</li>  <li>When Italy, along with Malta, again refused the Aquarius permission to dock on August 11, Transport Minister Danilo Toninelli called on Britain to offer refuge as the ship was originally flying under the flag of Gibraltar.</li>
</ul> </ul>
<strong>Spain</strong> <strong>Spain</strong>
<ul> <ul>
<li><span style="font-weight: 400">Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón, leader of Spain’s Socialist Workers party, took office as Prime Minister on June 2. In a </span><a href="http://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/presidente/actividades/Paginas/2018/110618-sanchezaquarius.aspx"><span style="font-weight: 400">statement</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> on June 11, Sanchez said international law obliged his government to offer a safe harbor to those on board the </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">Aquarius</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400">, and avoid a humanitarian disaster.</span></li>  <li><span style="font-weight: 400">Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón, leader of Spain’s Socialist Workers party, took office as Prime Minister on June 2. In a </span><a href="http://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/presidente/actividades/Paginas/2018/110618-sanchezaquarius.aspx"><span style="font-weight: 400">statement</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> on June 11, Sanchez said international law obliged his government to offer a safe harbor to those on board the </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">Aquarius</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400">, and avoid a humanitarian disaster.</span></li>
<li>On August 14, Sánchez <a href="https://twitter.com/sanchezcastejon/status/1029355906864242688">wrote on Twitter</a> that his government had orchestrated a deal with six other countries to offer refuge to the 141 migrants on board the Aquarius, with his country taking the largest share of 60 passengers.</li>  <li>On August 14, Sánchez <a href="https://twitter.com/sanchezcastejon/status/1029355906864242688">wrote on Twitter</a> that his government had orchestrated a deal with six other countries to offer refuge to the 141 migrants on board the Aquarius, with his country taking the largest share of 60 passengers.</li>
</ul> </ul>
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<strong>The EU</strong> <strong>The EU</strong>
<ul> <ul>
<li><span style="font-weight: 400">Since June 2016, the EU has been supporting the Libyan coast guard to intercept migrants and refugees and return them to North Africa where they are </span><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/07/12/immigration/the-issues-with-offshoring-migration-processing-and-returns/78415/"><span style="font-weight: 400">offered assistance to return</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">.</span></li>  <li><span style="font-weight: 400">Since June 2016, the EU has been supporting the Libyan coast guard to intercept migrants and refugees and return them to North Africa where they are </span><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/07/12/immigration/the-issues-with-offshoring-migration-processing-and-returns/78415/"><span style="font-weight: 400">offered assistance to return</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">.</span></li>
<li><span style="font-weight: 400">EU leaders met at a summit in Brussels at the end of June and </span><a href="http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2018/06/29/remarks-by-president-donald-tusk-on-the-european-council-meeting-of-28-june-2018/"><span style="font-weight: 400">agreed in principle</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> to build “disembarkation platforms.”</span></li>  <li><span style="font-weight: 400">EU leaders met at a summit in Brussels at the end of June and </span><a href="http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2018/06/29/remarks-by-president-donald-tusk-on-the-european-council-meeting-of-28-june-2018/"><span style="font-weight: 400">agreed in principle</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> to build “disembarkation platforms.”</span></li>
<li><span style="font-weight: 400">European Council President Donald Tusk said: “We have sent a clear message to all vessels, including those of NGOs, operating in the Mediterranean, that they must respect the law and must not obstruct the operation of the Libyan Coast Guard.”</span></li>  <li><span style="font-weight: 400">European Council President Donald Tusk said: “We have sent a clear message to all vessels, including those of NGOs, operating in the Mediterranean, that they must respect the law and must not obstruct the operation of the Libyan Coast Guard.”</span></li>
</ul> </ul>
<strong>Rescue groups</strong> <strong>Rescue groups</strong>
<ul> <ul>
<li><span style="font-weight: 400">The main Mediterranean rescue groups, including MSF and SOS </span><span style="font-weight: 400">Méditerranée, have consistently argued that the EU’s approach has “criminalized” rescue efforts. </span></li>  <li><span style="font-weight: 400">The main Mediterranean rescue groups, including MSF and SOS </span><span style="font-weight: 400">Méditerranée, have consistently argued that the EU’s approach has “criminalized” rescue efforts. </span></li>
<li><span style="font-weight: 400">Many </span><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/06/04/humanrights/eus-refugee-deterrence-policies-drive-suffering-out-of-sight-say-aid-workers/72083/"><span style="font-weight: 400">aid workers say</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> conditions in Libya, including the risk of indefinite detention and trafficking, make it too dangerous a place to return migrants.</span></li>  <li><span style="font-weight: 400">Many </span><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/06/04/humanrights/eus-refugee-deterrence-policies-drive-suffering-out-of-sight-say-aid-workers/72083/"><span style="font-weight: 400">aid workers say</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> conditions in Libya, including the risk of indefinite detention and trafficking, make it too dangerous a place to return migrants.</span></li>
<li><span style="font-weight: 400">SOS Méditerranée said Gibraltar’s move to suspend the ship’s registration shows </span><span style="font-weight: 400">"a deliberate will to stop the rescue activity of the Aquarius, one of the last civil and humanitarian rescue ships in the Mediterranean."</span></li>  <li><span style="font-weight: 400">SOS Méditerranée said Gibraltar’s move to suspend the ship’s registration shows </span><span style="font-weight: 400">"a deliberate will to stop the rescue activity of the Aquarius, one of the last civil and humanitarian rescue ships in the Mediterranean."</span></li>
</ul> </ul>
<strong>Others</strong> <strong>Others</strong>
<ul> <ul>
<li><span style="font-weight: 400">Data collected by the International Organization for Migration </span><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/07/18/immigration/mediterranean-fatalities-soar-as-aid-workers-hit-out-at-criminalization-of-rescue-efforts/79401/"><span style="font-weight: 400">showed that</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> more people died crossing the Mediterranean in the five weeks after the Aquarius was first stranded than in the previous five months of 2018 combined.</span></li>  <li><span style="font-weight: 400">Data collected by the International Organization for Migration </span><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/07/18/immigration/mediterranean-fatalities-soar-as-aid-workers-hit-out-at-criminalization-of-rescue-efforts/79401/"><span style="font-weight: 400">showed that</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> more people died crossing the Mediterranean in the five weeks after the Aquarius was first stranded than in the previous five months of 2018 combined.</span></li>
</ul> </ul>
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Africa, Crime, Current Affairs, Diplomacy, Europe, European Union, France, Germany, Greece, Human Rights, Immigration, Italy, Justice, Law, Libya, Luxembourg, Malta, Middle East, Migrants, Politics, Portugal, Refugees, Spain, United Kingdom, War &amp; Conflict, Immigration Africa, Crime, Current Affairs, Diplomacy, Europe, European Union, France, Germany, Greece, Human Rights, Immigration, Italy, Justice, Law, Libya, Luxembourg, Malta, Middle East, Migrants, Politics, Portugal, Refugees, Spain, United Kingdom, War &amp; Conflict, Immigration
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Angela Merkel, Donald Tusk, Five Star Movement, Matteo Salvini, Pedro Sanchez, Theresa May Angela Merkel, Donald Tusk, Five Star Movement, Matteo Salvini, Pedro Sanchez, Theresa May
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