Title Title
National domestic violence reports rise during football fever  National charities reports rise in domestic violence during football World Cup
Summary Summary
National Centre for Domestic Violence reports rise in domestic abuse reports during World Cup period Charities warn football shouldn't be seen as cause of violence but a potential trigger of a year-round problem
Highlights Highlights
Domestic violence charity reports increase of incidents during World Cup , Police forces report similar rises but others have no evidence of link , Women's charities deny football is "cause" of domestic violence , Culture of violence and aggression can trigger domestic incidents Domestic violence charity reports increase of incidents during World Cup , Police forces report similar rises but others have no evidence of link , Women's charities deny football is "cause" of domestic violence , Culture of violence and aggression can trigger domestic incidents
Content Content
<b>The number of reports of domestic abuse to a national domestic violence charity in England has increased during the World Cup period, with some police forces also reporting a rise. </b> <b>The number of reports of domestic abuse to a national domestic violence charity in England has increased during the World Cup period, with some police forces also reporting a rise. </b>
However, not all regions see an increase and women's charities warn football shouldn't be seen as cause of violence but a potential trigger of a year-round problem. However, not all regions see an increase and women's charities warn football shouldn't be seen as cause of violence but a potential trigger of a year-round problem.
<span style="font-weight: 400;">“If England get beaten, so will she," reads a poster published by the </span><a href="http://www.ncdv.org.uk/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">National Centre for Domestic Violence (NCDV)</span></a>, a charity service that supports survivors of domestic abuse. <span style="font-weight: 400;">“If England get beaten, so will she," reads a poster published by the </span><a href="http://www.ncdv.org.uk/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">National Centre for Domestic Violence (NCDV)</span></a>, a charity service that supports survivors of domestic abuse.
<span style="font-weight: 400;">It features a St George’s flag <a href="https://metro.co.uk/2018/07/10/poster-of-womans-bleeding-mouth-highlights-rise-in-domestic-violence-when-england-play-7698471/">drawn in what looks like blood across a woman's mouth</a>.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">It features a St George’s flag <a href="https://metro.co.uk/2018/07/10/poster-of-womans-bleeding-mouth-highlights-rise-in-domestic-violence-when-england-play-7698471/">drawn in what looks like blood across a woman's mouth</a>.</span>
The warning of the rise of domestic violence is just one example of a number of campaigns from women's charities and police forces that have been raising awareness of the increased risk of domestic violence during World Cup season. The warning of the rise of domestic violence is just one example of a number of campaigns from women's charities and police forces that have been raising awareness of the increased risk of domestic violence during World Cup season.
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The NCDV said it received 500 more reports of domestic abuse in ten days during the World Cup than it did in the period before, according to numbers released to </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">WikiTribune. </span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">The service offers legal advice and support to victims of domestic violence. This includes </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">pattern of controlling, coercive, threatening, degrading and violent behaviour, including sexual violence, by one person against a partner or spouse.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The NCDV said it received 500 more reports of domestic abuse in ten days during the World Cup than it did in the period before, according to numbers released to </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">WikiTribune. </span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">The service offers legal advice and support to victims of domestic violence. This includes </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">pattern of controlling, coercive, threatening, degrading and violent behaviour, including sexual violence, by one person against a partner or spouse.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">From July 1 to July 10, the charity received 2619 reports of domestic violence. In comparison, a ten-day period before the World Cup began saw the charity receive 2119 reports. That’s 500 less than those reported during the football period.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">From July 1 to July 10, the charity received 2619 reports of domestic violence. In comparison, a ten-day period before the World Cup began saw the charity receive 2119 reports. That’s 500 less than those reported during the football period.</span>
https://twitter.com/MichaelaBoyleSF/status/1015562870447333376 https://twitter.com/MichaelaBoyleSF/status/1015562870447333376
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Survivors of domestic violence can contact the service via an app, online, by phone, by text, or with a referral form. The numbers shared with <i>WikiTribune </i>include all of these put together.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Survivors of domestic violence can contact the service via an app, online, by phone, by text, or with a referral form. The numbers shared with <i>WikiTribune </i>include all of these put together.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">“It should be a World Cup of good things rather than bad things,” said Mark Groves, the CEO of the National Centre for Domestic Violence.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">“It should be a World Cup of good things rather than bad things,” said Mark Groves, the CEO of the National Centre for Domestic Violence.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">While he denied sport as the </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">cause </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">of domestic violence, he said there were “several factors” as to why the number of incidents can rise during the World Cup season.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">While he denied sport as the </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">cause </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">of domestic violence, he said there were “several factors” as to why the number of incidents can rise during the World Cup season.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">“One of them is that it's a warmer temperature. There's increased alcohol consumption during this period and a crowd can intensify the concept of rivalry and aggression.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">“One of them is that it's a warmer temperature. There's increased alcohol consumption during this period and a crowd can intensify the concept of rivalry and aggression.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">"What we've got is the people drinking alcohol, we know alcohol is related to domestic violence. And then they're put in this crowd situation which increases their aggression.”</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">"What we've got is the people drinking alcohol, we know alcohol is related to domestic violence. And then they're put in this crowd situation which increases their aggression.”</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">He said that it was not football itself, but the factors that surrounded football that lead to more violence, including domestic violence.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">He said that it was not football itself, but the factors that surrounded football that lead to more violence, including domestic violence.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Figures revealed to </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">WikiTribune</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;"> show the number of reports of domestic abuse incidents to some police forces in England have risen since the football tournament started.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Figures revealed to </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">WikiTribune</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;"> show the number of reports of domestic abuse incidents to some police forces in England have risen since the football tournament started.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">In West Yorkshire, there was an increase in domestic abuse reports on Saturday July 7, the day England secured its place in the World Cup semi-final. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">In West Yorkshire, there was an increase in domestic abuse reports on Saturday July 7, the day England secured its place in the World Cup semi-final. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The number of incidents reported to the police that day was up 128 on the equivalent Saturday last year, according to figures released by</span><span style="font-weight: 400;"> West Yorkshire Police.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The number of incidents reported to the police that day was up 128 on the equivalent Saturday last year, according to figures released by</span><span style="font-weight: 400;"> West Yorkshire Police.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">“What we cannot say is whether this was due to the England game specifically,” said police communications officer Lindsey Wyatt.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">“What we cannot say is whether this was due to the England game specifically,” said police communications officer Lindsey Wyatt.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">“I suspect that it was due to a combination of reasons and against a backdrop of increased alcohol consumption generally partly due to the football but also due to the hot weather.”</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">“I suspect that it was due to a combination of reasons and against a backdrop of increased alcohol consumption generally partly due to the football but also due to the hot weather.”</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The issue of football and increased violence isn’t new to the police force and has concerned domestic abuse survivors for years.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The issue of football and increased violence isn’t new to the police force and has concerned domestic abuse survivors for years.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">West Yorkshire Police was so concerned about World Cup-enhanced domestic violence that it launched a campaign to raise awareness of the problem ahead of the opening of the football championship. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">West Yorkshire Police was so concerned about World Cup-enhanced domestic violence that it launched a campaign to raise awareness of the problem ahead of the opening of the football championship. </span>
https://twitter.com/WestYorksPolice/status/1014203494239227907 https://twitter.com/WestYorksPolice/status/1014203494239227907
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Other police forces in the UK </span><a href="https://twitter.com/Humberbeat/status/1008304516826005504?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1008304516826005504&amp;ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bbc.co.uk%2Fbbcthree%2Farticle%2F5a8677f8-58ea-44c8-a133-23ea2ae90abb"><span style="font-weight: 400;">issued</span></a> <a href="https://twitter.com/ClevelandPolice/status/1006551483897262081"><span style="font-weight: 400;">similar warnings</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> ahead of the tournament.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Other police forces in the UK </span><a href="https://twitter.com/Humberbeat/status/1008304516826005504?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1008304516826005504&amp;ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bbc.co.uk%2Fbbcthree%2Farticle%2F5a8677f8-58ea-44c8-a133-23ea2ae90abb"><span style="font-weight: 400;">issued</span></a> <a href="https://twitter.com/ClevelandPolice/status/1006551483897262081"><span style="font-weight: 400;">similar warnings</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> ahead of the tournament.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">But a relationship between the World Cup and domestic violence has not been seen all over the country.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">But a relationship between the World Cup and domestic violence has not been seen all over the country.</span>
<h2>‘No evidence’ to support link</h2> <h2>‘No evidence’ to support link</h2>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">A recent tweet saying that domestic violence reports rose 38 percent in the area if England lost a game in the 2014 World Cup was widely shared on social media.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">A recent tweet saying that domestic violence reports rose 38 percent in the area if England lost a game in the 2014 World Cup was widely shared on social media.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">However, the two are not inextricably linked.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">However, the two are not inextricably linked.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">For example, Cambridgeshire Constabulary report figures </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">showed no explicit rise in domestic violence incidents during the World Cup. </span>The Metropolitan Police in London also told <em>WikiTribune </em>they had "no evidence at this stage to prove a definitive link between domestic abuse and football." <span style="font-weight: 400;">For example, Cambridgeshire Constabulary report figures </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">showed no explicit rise in domestic violence incidents during the World Cup. </span>The Metropolitan Police in London also told <em>WikiTribune </em>they had "no evidence at this stage to prove a definitive link between domestic abuse and football."
<span style="font-weight: 400;">While there was a small spike in domestic incidents reported on July 7, the day of England’s quarter final match, the 66 reports were not significantly higher than previous days. On July 5, 57 incidents were reported, while on July 6 there were 49 reported incidents.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">While there was a small spike in domestic incidents reported on July 7, the day of England’s quarter final match, the 66 reports were not significantly higher than previous days. On July 5, 57 incidents were reported, while on July 6 there were 49 reported incidents.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Similarly, the 1019 domestic incidents reported to the Cambridgeshire Constabulary during the first three weeks of this year’s World Cup were lower than those reported on the same period in last year with 1111 incidents reported, when there was no World Cup.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Similarly, the 1019 domestic incidents reported to the Cambridgeshire Constabulary during the first three weeks of this year’s World Cup were lower than those reported on the same period in last year with 1111 incidents reported, when there was no World Cup.</span>
https://twitter.com/RefugeCharity/status/1015596511588245504 https://twitter.com/RefugeCharity/status/1015596511588245504
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Lauren Alexander, a senior communications officer for Cambridgeshire Constabulary said there is “no evidence” to support the theory that the World Cup is linked to an increase in domestic violence.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Lauren Alexander, a senior communications officer for Cambridgeshire Constabulary said there is “no evidence” to support the theory that the World Cup is linked to an increase in domestic violence.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Either way, domestic abuse and women’s charities say football should not be blamed as the cause of domestic violence as it is an issue all-year round.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Either way, domestic abuse and women’s charities say football should not be blamed as the cause of domestic violence as it is an issue all-year round.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">“Football – and the alcohol that tends to go with it – can be aggravating factors when it comes to domestic violence, but they are not the root cause,” said Sandra Horley CBE, chief executive of UK domestic violence charity Refuge, said in an email sent to <em>WikiTribune</em>.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">“Football – and the alcohol that tends to go with it – can be aggravating factors when it comes to domestic violence, but they are not the root cause,” said Sandra Horley CBE, chief executive of UK domestic violence charity Refuge, said in an email sent to <em>WikiTribune</em>.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">“Women experience violence and abuse at the hands of their partners every day, not just when football is on the TV. Many forces are undertaking awareness raising campaigns warning that domestic violence will not be tolerated – but this shouldn’t be limited to football tournaments. Domestic violence is an appalling crime that kills two women every week in England and Wales. Police must take a zero tolerance approach all year round.”</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">“Women experience violence and abuse at the hands of their partners every day, not just when football is on the TV. Many forces are undertaking awareness raising campaigns warning that domestic violence will not be tolerated – but this shouldn’t be limited to football tournaments. Domestic violence is an appalling crime that kills two women every week in England and Wales. Police must take a zero tolerance approach all year round.”</span>
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