Title Title
Post poll alliance, horse-trading, late night hearing; What is happening in Indian state Karnataka? Chief minister of the South Indian state of Karnataka resigns amid political uncertainty
Summary Summary
  A week of inconclusive election results has thrown the future of political power in Karnataka into limbo
Highlights Highlights
Content Content
  <strong>The chief minister of the South Indian state of Karnataka <a href="https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/bs-yeddyurappa-resigns-for-third-time-in-his-political-career-before-trust-vote/articleshow/64237402.cms">has resigned </a>after only 56 hours in the post, before his authority had to be put to a vote. (<em>Times of India</em>)</strong>
  The move comes after a week of inconclusive election results in South Indian elections which has thrown the future of political power in Karnataka into limbo.
Karnataka, one of the five states in South India has recently had its general assembly election on 12th May 2018. After the election held in <a href="https://www.indiatoday.in/elections/karnataka-election-2018/story/karnataka-elections-2018-live-updates-cm-siddaramaiah-yeddyurappa-congress-bjp-modi-voting-count-rahul-gandhi-1232071-2018-05-12">222 constituencies</a> <em>(India Today) </em>of 224 constituencies, the result of the election was declared on 15th May 2018 with a <a href="https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/karnataka-assembly-elections-2018-what-role-will-the-governor-vajubhai-bala-play/articleshow/64175517.cms">verdict of a hung assembly</a> <em>(The Times of India)</em>. The incumbent government was defeated and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) emerged as the single largest party, with 104 seats, but failed to reach the majority of seats required to form the Government.  The May 12 general assembly election, held in <a href="https://www.indiatoday.in/elections/karnataka-election-2018/story/karnataka-elections-2018-live-updates-cm-siddaramaiah-yeddyurappa-congress-bjp-modi-voting-count-rahul-gandhi-1232071-2018-05-12">222 constituencies</a> <em>(India Today) </em>of 224 constituencies, ended in <a href="https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/karnataka-assembly-elections-2018-what-role-will-the-governor-vajubhai-bala-play/articleshow/64175517.cms">a hung assembly</a> <em>(The Times of India)</em>. The incumbent government was defeated and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) emerged as the single largest party, with 104 seats. However, it failed to reach the majority of seats required to form the Government.
The election has been very controversial since the declaration of the election date, followed by series of events and speeches by star campaigners during the election campaign. The election dates for the Karnataka election were announced by a <a href="https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/karnataka-assembly-elections-2018-what-role-will-the-governor-vajubhai-bala-play/articleshow/64175517.cms">local media house and the IT head of BJP</a> <em>(The New Indian Express) </em>even before the official announcement by the Election Commission of India, which was later clarified by the ECI that the information is not accurate hence it is obviously not a leak of dates. Three days before the election nearly <a href="http://www.business-standard.com/article/elections/karnataka-election-fake-voter-identity-card-row-in-bengaluru-s-raja-rajeshwari-nagar-top-ten-developments-118050900171_1.html">10,000 original voter ID</a> <em>(Business Standard) </em>card was seized in a flat in R.R. Nagar constituent assembly, where the assembly <a href="http://www.thehindu.com/elections/karnataka-2018/election-commission-defers-election-in-rr-nagar-to-may-28/article23854425.ece">polling is postponed</a> <em>(The Hindu) </em>to 28th May 2018 by the ECI.  
As the Indian parliamentary elections are nearby, forming the government in Karnataka will be a major victory for BJP and the policies implemented by <a href="https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/five-reasons-why-karnataka-elections-results-2018-are-important-for-lok-sabha-elections-2019/story-UK8HWl6x9Fp30NrB4kJbTJ.html">Prime Minister Modi</a> <em>(Hindustan Times)</em> in any of the Southern Indian states.  When the poll resulted in a hung assembly, the Indian National Congress with 78 seats <a href="https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/congress-decides-to-back-jds-in-forming-govt/articleshow/64174565.cms">decided to support</a> <em>(Economic Times)</em> Janata Dal Secular (JDS) with 37 seats to form the government with HD Kumaraswamy from JDS as <a href="https://www.thenewsminute.com/article/congress-backs-hd-kumaraswamy-cm-offers-support-jds-81334">the Chief Minister candidate</a> <em>(The News Minute)</em> of the alliance. Both BJP and the alliance government of JDS and INC met the Governor of Karnataka to get an invitation to form the government, where on 16th May 2018, the Governor Vajubhai Vala invited B. S. Yeddyurappa led BJP to swear as the Chief Minister of Karnataka on 17th May 2018, giving him <a href="http://indianexpress.com/elections/karnataka-assembly-elections-2018-bjp-gets-governor-vajubhai-valas-invite-15-days-congress-cries-foul-knocks-on-supreme-court-door-5179717/">15 days time</a> to prove the majority on the floor.  
Afraid of the possible horse trade, the INC and JDS alliance moved to the Supreme Court of India, <a href="https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/karnataka-government-formation-congress-keeps-options-open-to-go-to-supreme-court/story-4S1ERNBIoLht7JMXeK6JDM.html">challenging the decision</a> <em>(Hindustan Times)</em> made by the Governor,  to take a stay order on Yeddyurappa's swearing ceremony which was scheduled on 17th May 2018. After the hearing of Yakub Memon's <a href="http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/memons-last-ditch-effort-to-stall-hanging-fails/article7480263.ece">case in July 2015</a> <em>(The Hindu)</em>, where the 1993 Mumbai blast convict appealed the Supreme Court(SC) for a stay of his execution,  for the second time in Indian history, the Supreme Court of India did a late night hearing on this case.  According to <a href="https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Constitution_of_India/Part_XIX#Article_361_{Protection_of_President_and_Governors_and_Rajpramukhs}">the article 361</a> of the Indian Constitution, the Governor of the state shall not be answerable to any court for the exercise and performance of the powers and duties of his office, and the SC refused to give a stay on the swearing ceremony of Yeddyurappa, and decided to hear the petition again on 18th May 2018.  
  This led the Indian National Congress, with 78 seats, <a href="https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/congress-decides-to-back-jds-in-forming-govt/articleshow/64174565.cms">to support</a> <em>(Economic Times)</em> Janata Dal Secular (JDS), which secured 37 seats, to form the government along with HD Kumaraswamy from JDS as <a href="https://www.thenewsminute.com/article/congress-backs-hd-kumaraswamy-cm-offers-support-jds-81334">the candidate</a> <em>(The News Minute)</em> to act as chief minister of the alliance.
  Both BJP and the alliance government of JDS and INC met the governor of Karnataka to get an invitation to form the government. However, on May 16, the Governor Vajubhai Vala invited the BJP's B. S. Yeddyurappa to swear as the Chief Minister of Karnataka, giving him <a href="http://indianexpress.com/elections/karnataka-assembly-elections-2018-bjp-gets-governor-vajubhai-valas-invite-15-days-congress-cries-foul-knocks-on-supreme-court-door-5179717/">15 days time</a> to prove the majority on the floor.
  The Chief Minister candidate of INC-JDS alliance, HD Kumaraswamy, has alleged the BJP for offering <a href="https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/operation-lotus-hd-kumaraswamy-says-bjp-offered-100-crores-to-jds-mlas-1852888">100 crore Indian rupees</a> <em>(NDTV)</em> or US$1.4 million to support BJP in forming the government.
  The INC and JDS alliance then petitioned the Supreme Court of India, <a href="https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/karnataka-government-formation-congress-keeps-options-open-to-go-to-supreme-court/story-4S1ERNBIoLht7JMXeK6JDM.html">challenging the </a><em>(Hindustan Times)</em>  Governor for not inviting the alliance, which has the majority. The legal action asked the court to take a stay order on Yeddyurappa's swearing ceremony which was scheduled on Thursday.
  The court then ordered that a <a href="https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/supreme-court-proposes-floor-test-in-karnataka-assembly-on-saturday/articleshow/64217207.cms">the floor test</a> <em>(Times of India) </em>of the newly formed government needed to be done. However, Yeddyurappa <a href="https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/bsy-tenders-resignation-bjp-congress-in-war-of-words/articleshow/64237325.cms">resigned before that</a> could take place. (<em>Times of India</em>)
  &nbsp;
  The move caps off a saga that started even before the announcement of the election dates.
  The election dates for the Karnataka election were announced by a <a href="http://indianexpress.com/article/india/bjps-amit-malviya-tweets-karnataka-poll-dates-before-announcement-ec-says-action-will-be-taken-5112831/">local media house and the IT head of BJP</a> <em>(The New Indian Express) </em>before the official announcement by the Election Commission of India. Many asked how Amit Malviya had access to that information ahead of time. The confusion came during other curious election happenings.
  Three days before the election nearly <a href="http://www.business-standard.com/article/elections/karnataka-election-fake-voter-identity-card-row-in-bengaluru-s-raja-rajeshwari-nagar-top-ten-developments-118050900171_1.html">10,000 original voter ID</a> <em>(Business Standard) </em>cards were seized in a flat in R.R. Nagar constituent assembly, where the assembly <a href="http://www.thehindu.com/elections/karnataka-2018/election-commission-defers-election-in-rr-nagar-to-may-28/article23854425.ece">polling was postponed</a> <em>(The Hindu) </em>to May 28.
  As the Indian parliamentary elections are nearby, forming a government in Karnataka was seen as a major victory for BJP and the policies implemented by <a href="https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/five-reasons-why-karnataka-elections-results-2018-are-important-for-lok-sabha-elections-2019/story-UK8HWl6x9Fp30NrB4kJbTJ.html">Prime Minister Modi</a> <em>(Hindustan Times).</em>
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