Title Title
Developing: Russia boosts North Korea through new Internet access Developing: Russia boosts North Korea through new Internet access
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Russia has provided North Korea with a second<a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-nkorea-internet/russian-firm-provides-new-internet-connection-to-north-korea-idUSKCN1C70D2"> Internet connection</a> giving the hermit nation greater capabilities to protect itself from cyber attacks, as well as carry them out. Russia has provided North Korea with a second<a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-nkorea-internet/russian-firm-provides-new-internet-connection-to-north-korea-idUSKCN1C70D2"> Internet connection</a> giving the hermit nation greater capabilities to protect itself from cyber attacks, as well as carry them out.
The move comes as the <a href="https://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Programs/pages/nkorea.aspx">United States</a> and <a href="https://www.un.org/sc/suborg/en/sanctions/1718/resolutions">United Nations</a> tightens economic sanctions on the country. The move comes as the <a href="https://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Programs/pages/nkorea.aspx">United States</a> and <a href="https://www.un.org/sc/suborg/en/sanctions/1718/resolutions">United Nations</a> tightens economic sanctions on the country.
White House officials have not commented on North Korea’s newly acquired internet capabilities. The improvement in North Korean communications, however, contradicts the greater U.S. campaign to <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-politics/wp/2017/08/16/pence-cuts-short-latin-america-trip-and-pressures-chile-to-sever-all-ties-to-north-korea/?utm_term=.dfcb3c48d6e9">isolate the regime globally</a> as it continues to develop missile technology that could carry a nuclear weapon.  White House officials have not commented on North Korea’s newly acquired internet capabilities. The improvement in North Korean communications, however, contradicts the larger U.S. campaign to <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-politics/wp/2017/08/16/pence-cuts-short-latin-america-trip-and-pressures-chile-to-sever-all-ties-to-north-korea/?utm_term=.dfcb3c48d6e9">isolate the regime globally</a> as it continues to develop missile technology that could carry a nuclear weapon.
The fiber optic cables and other infrastructure required to establish an internet connection was made possible by <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=9767065">TransTeleCom.</a> This is a telecommunications company owned by Russian Railway, <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=kDfuCgAAQBAJ&amp;pg=PA291&amp;lpg=PA291&amp;dq=Russian+Railways+transtelecom&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=7Nvcg85NF3&amp;sig=QKvLUexuojRFU0JpBih4_SYjYmM&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwiHmN_WsdzWAhWJKiYKHRqfCcgQ6AEITDAI#v=onepage&amp;q=Russian%20Railways%20transtelecom&amp;f=false">a state-run conglomerate</a> with close <a href="http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/53994">ties to the Kremlin</a>. The fiber optic cables and other infrastructure required to establish an internet connection was made possible by <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=9767065">TransTeleCom.</a> This is a telecommunications company owned by Russian Railway, <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=kDfuCgAAQBAJ&amp;pg=PA291&amp;lpg=PA291&amp;dq=Russian+Railways+transtelecom&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=7Nvcg85NF3&amp;sig=QKvLUexuojRFU0JpBih4_SYjYmM&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwiHmN_WsdzWAhWJKiYKHRqfCcgQ6AEITDAI#v=onepage&amp;q=Russian%20Railways%20transtelecom&amp;f=false">a state-run conglomerate</a> with close <a href="http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/53994">ties to the Kremlin</a>.
The only other North Korean internet connection<a href="http://money.cnn.com/2017/10/02/technology/north-korea-russia-internet-link/index.html"> runs through China</a>, the regime’s primary economic partner. With another link, the country is less vulnerable to cyber attacks. The only other North Korean internet connection<a href="http://money.cnn.com/2017/10/02/technology/north-korea-russia-internet-link/index.html"> runs through China</a>, the regime’s primary economic partner. With another link, the country is less vulnerable to cyber attacks.
"By increasing the number of internet connections in and out of the country, it increases its resilience to attacks," Bryce Boland, cybersecurity expert with FireEye <a href="http://money.cnn.com/2017/10/02/technology/north-korea-russia-internet-link/index.html">told CNN.</a> "By increasing the number of internet connections in and out of the country, it increases its resilience to attacks," Bryce Boland, cybersecurity expert with FireEye <a href="http://money.cnn.com/2017/10/02/technology/north-korea-russia-internet-link/index.html">told CNN.</a>
<a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/04/world/asia/north-korea-missile-program-sabotage.html?emc=edit_na_20170304&amp;nl=breaking-news&amp;nlid=21621034&amp;ref=headline&amp;_r=0">U.S targeting</a> of North Korean internet infrastructure began in 2014 under former Barack Obama. President Donald J. Trump has continued the cyber campaign. <em><a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/trump-signed-presidential-directive-ordering-actions-to-pressure-north-korea/2017/09/30/97c6722a-a620-11e7-b14f-f41773cd5a14_story.html?utm_term=.e0722c969a23">The Washington Post</a></em> reported that the the Russian-North Korea connection went online after the U.S. ended its multiple day <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denial-of-service_attack">denial of service</a> attack that severed the country’s online capabilities.  <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/04/world/asia/north-korea-missile-program-sabotage.html?emc=edit_na_20170304&amp;nl=breaking-news&amp;nlid=21621034&amp;ref=headline&amp;_r=0">U.S. targeting</a> of North Korean internet infrastructure began in 2014 under former Barack Obama. President Donald J. Trump has continued the cyber campaign. <em><a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/trump-signed-presidential-directive-ordering-actions-to-pressure-north-korea/2017/09/30/97c6722a-a620-11e7-b14f-f41773cd5a14_story.html?utm_term=.e0722c969a23">The Washington Post</a></em> reported that the the Russian-North Korea connection went online after the U.S. ended its multiple day <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denial-of-service_attack">denial of service</a> attack that severed the country’s online capabilities.
<em><strong>Dear Community: What benefits does another internet connection offer North Korea?</strong></em> <em><strong>Dear Community: What benefits does another internet connection offer North Korea?</strong></em>
With limited resources, North Korea does not typically carry out cyber-attacks from within the country’s borders. Instead it <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-nkorea-internet/russian-firm-provides-new-internet-connection-to-north-korea-idUSKCN1C70D2">will likely</a> use its stronger internet connection to communicate with hackers who are based in countries with more connectivity.  With limited resources, North Korea does not typically carry out cyber-attacks from within the country’s borders. Instead, it <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-nkorea-internet/russian-firm-provides-new-internet-connection-to-north-korea-idUSKCN1C70D2">will likely</a> use its stronger internet connection to communicate with hackers who are based in countries with more connectivity.
<h2>Internet For North Koreans</h2> <h2>Internet For North Koreans</h2>
There is <a href="https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2153rank.html">no reliable data</a> of internet access in North Korea. <a href="http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2016/11/how_the_internet_works_in_north_korea.html">Slate</a> reported that foreign companies and expatriates based in Pyongyang are allowed to browse the internet from smartphones. Graduate students can use the internet within university campuses with unknown restrictions. There is <a href="https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2153rank.html">no reliable data</a> of internet access in North Korea. <a href="http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2016/11/how_the_internet_works_in_north_korea.html">Slate</a> reported that foreign companies and expatriates based in Pyongyang are allowed to browse the internet from smartphones. Graduate students can use the internet within university campuses with unknown restrictions.
What is known is that there are likely less than 50 websites accessible in North Korea. The government accidentally leaked <a href="http://www.northkoreatech.org/the-north-korean-website-list/">a list</a> of registered domains in country last year. What is known is that there are likely less than 50 websites accessible in North Korea. The government accidentally leaked <a href="http://www.northkoreatech.org/the-north-korean-website-list/">a list</a> of registered domains in country last year.
<h2>Russia and North Korea Relationship</h2> <h2>Russia and North Korea Relationship</h2>
Russian President Vladimir Putin is <a href="http://tass.com/world/963095">critical</a> of the aggressive stance taken by the United States towards North Korea and its moves to develop missile technology. Putin advocates for dialogue over pressure while the Trump Administration tries to isolate North Korea as much as possible. The Kremlin, however, has maintained diplomatic and economic ties. Russian President Vladimir Putin is <a href="http://tass.com/world/963095">critical</a> of the aggressive stance taken by the United States towards North Korea and its moves to develop missile technology. Putin advocates for dialogue over pressure while the Trump Administration tries to isolate North Korea as much as possible. The Kremlin, however, has maintained diplomatic and economic ties.
Last week, the North Korean foreign minister flew to Moscow to discuss their tense relationship with the United States. <a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/us-northkorea-missiles-russia-exclusive/exclusive-from-russia-with-fuel-north-korean-ships-may-be-undermining-sanctions-idUSKCN1BV1DC">Reuters reported</a> that Russia was able to sell refined fuel to North Korea, which flies against international sanctions. Last week, the North Korean foreign minister flew to Moscow to discuss their tense relationship with the United States. <a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/us-northkorea-missiles-russia-exclusive/exclusive-from-russia-with-fuel-north-korean-ships-may-be-undermining-sanctions-idUSKCN1BV1DC">Reuters reported</a> that Russia was able to sell refined fuel to North Korea, which flies against international sanctions.
Russia’s increased role in North Korea may be critical for the regime’s survival as <a href="http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2108378/all-you-need-know-about-chinas-sanctions-north-korea">China shows signs</a> of joining the international community in isolating the country. China remains the largest trading partner for North Korea, but intense lobbying efforts from international community has pressured Beijing into <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/23/china-to-enforce-un-sanctions-against-north-korea">implementing sanctions </a>of their own. Russia’s increased role in North Korea may be critical for the regime’s survival as <a href="http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2108378/all-you-need-know-about-chinas-sanctions-north-korea">China shows signs</a> of joining the international community in isolating the country. China remains the largest trading partner for North Korea, but intense lobbying efforts from international community has pressured Beijing into <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/23/china-to-enforce-un-sanctions-against-north-korea">implementing sanctions </a>of their own.
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