• Revision ID 53575 REVISION
  • 2018-03-06 10:06:39
  • by Lydia Morrish (talk | contribs)
  • Note: clarifying proportion of votes
 
   
Title Title
Italy must work hard to create 65th government in 72 years Italy must work hard to create 65th government in 72 years
Summary Summary
Potential hung parliament leaves country facing weeks of political instability Potential hung parliament leaves country facing weeks of political instability
Highlights Highlights
Content Content
<strong>Italy is <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-43272700">set for another hung parliament</a> after the general election on March 4 in which voters opted for the anti-establishment Five Star Movement (M5S) and Eurosceptic League (previously Northern League) <a href="https://www.ft.com/content/e6a89252-1ffa-11e8-a895-1ba1f72c2c11">made the biggest gains</a> (<em>Financial Times</em>). Neither party has enough seats for a majority.</strong> <strong>Italy is <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-43272700">set for another hung parliament</a> after the general election on March 4 in which voters opted for the anti-establishment Five Star Movement (M5S) and Eurosceptic League (previously Northern League) <a href="https://www.ft.com/content/e6a89252-1ffa-11e8-a895-1ba1f72c2c11">made the biggest gains</a> (<em>Financial Times</em>). Neither party has enough seats for a majority.</strong>
M5S became the largest single party in parliament with approximately 32.7 percent of the vote, the equivalent of 133 seats, according to figures from <a href="http://elezioni.interno.gov.it/camera/scrutini/20180304/scrutiniCI" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Italy's Interior Ministry</a>.  M5S became the largest single party in parliament with approximately 32.7 percent of the vote, the equivalent of 133 seats, according to figures from <a href="http://elezioni.interno.gov.it/camera/scrutini/20180304/scrutiniCI" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Italy's interior ministry</a>.
The populist League, which <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-italy-election-league/italys-league-leaves-northern-bastions-bangs-anti-migrant-drum-idUSKBN1FT1Q9?il=0">campaigned on an anti-immigration sentiment</a>, received the second largest bloc of votes, with 17.4 percent.  
  The populist League, which <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-italy-election-league/italys-league-leaves-northern-bastions-bangs-anti-migrant-drum-idUSKBN1FT1Q9?il=0">campaigned on an anti-immigration sentiment</a>, received the third largest bloc of votes, with 17.4 percent, behind the ruling center-left Democratic Party (PD) which received 18.7 percent. However, given that this was 6.5 percent fewer votes than the PD previously received, it is being seen as a <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-italy-election/italys-league-5-star-vie-for-power-after-inconclusive-vote-idUKKCN1GG006">crushing defeat</a>. Former prime minister Matteo Renzi <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-italy-election/italys-league-5-star-vie-for-power-after-inconclusive-vote-idUKKCN1GG006">resigned as party leader</a> and said the party would not have a role in the next administration.
League leader Matteo Salvini <a href="https://www.politico.eu/article/matteo-salvini-leagues-center-right-ready-to-run-italy/">appeared to claim the right to be prime minister on Monday</a> (<em>Politico</em>), but ruled out an alliance with the Five Star Movement. Similarly, M5S leader Luigi Di Maio, <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-italy-election/italys-league-5-star-vie-for-power-after-inconclusive-vote-idUKKCN1GG006">said his group was the clear winner on Sunday</a>. League leader Matteo Salvini <a href="https://www.politico.eu/article/matteo-salvini-leagues-center-right-ready-to-run-italy/">appeared to claim the right to be prime minister on Monday</a> (<em>Politico</em>), but ruled out an alliance with the Five Star Movement. Similarly, M5S leader Luigi Di Maio, <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-italy-election/italys-league-5-star-vie-for-power-after-inconclusive-vote-idUKKCN1GG006">said his group was the clear winner on Sunday</a>.
The expected results, projected from exit polls and real data, mark a move away from Italy's traditional parties and towards anti-establishment and far-right groups.  The expected results, projected from exit polls and real data, mark a move away from Italy's traditional parties and towards anti-establishment and far-right groups that reflect Italy's eurosceptic sentiments.
No party or coalition passed the threshold to form a government, prompting Italy to face <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-italy-election/italy-faces-political-gridlock-after-5-star-surges-idUKKCN1GG006">weeks of political instability</a> while a deal is reached. No party or coalition passed the threshold to form a government, prompting Italy to face <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-italy-election/italy-faces-political-gridlock-after-5-star-surges-idUKKCN1GG006">weeks of political instability</a> while a deal is reached.
This isn't unusual for Italy, which has churned through 64 governments in the 72 years since Italy reconstituted itself as a republic in 1946 a year after the fall of former Fascist leader, Benito Mussolini. This isn't unusual for Italy, which has churned through 64 governments in the 72 years since Italy reconstituted itself as a republic in 1946 a year after the fall of former Fascist leader, Benito Mussolini.
[caption id="attachment_53373" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/2018-03-05T110845Z_1142784741_RC124FEE7900_RTRMADP_3_ITALY-ELECTION-SALVINI.jpg"><img class="size-large wp-image-53373" src="https://www.wikitribune.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/2018-03-05T110845Z_1142784741_RC124FEE7900_RTRMADP_3_ITALY-ELECTION-SALVINI-1024x664.jpg" alt="Northern League party leader Matteo Salvini poses at the end of a news conference, the day after Italy's parliamentary elections, in Milan, Italy March 5, 2018. REUTERS/Stefano Rellandini" width="1024" height="664" /></a> Northern League party leader Matteo Salvini poses at the end of a news conference, the day after Italy's parliamentary elections, in Milan, Italy March 5, 2018. REUTERS/Stefano Rellandini[/caption] [caption id="attachment_53373" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/2018-03-05T110845Z_1142784741_RC124FEE7900_RTRMADP_3_ITALY-ELECTION-SALVINI.jpg"><img class="size-large wp-image-53373" src="https://www.wikitribune.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/2018-03-05T110845Z_1142784741_RC124FEE7900_RTRMADP_3_ITALY-ELECTION-SALVINI-1024x664.jpg" alt="Northern League party leader Matteo Salvini poses at the end of a news conference, the day after Italy's parliamentary elections, in Milan, Italy March 5, 2018. REUTERS/Stefano Rellandini" width="1024" height="664" /></a> Northern League party leader Matteo Salvini poses at the end of a news conference, the day after Italy's parliamentary elections, in Milan, Italy March 5, 2018. REUTERS/Stefano Rellandini[/caption]
<h2>The rise of M5S</h2> <h2>The rise of M5S</h2>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The</span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Star_Movement"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Five Star Movement</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> (</span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">Movimento 5 Stelle, "</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">M5S") was founded in 2009 and was quick to make its mark as a disruptive force in Italian politics, taking the second-largest share of the vote in the</span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_general_election,_2013"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">2013 election</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">. The party went on to win the</span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginia_Raggi"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Mayoralty of Rome in 2016</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> and successfully campaigned against the government in a</span><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-italy-referendum/renzi-to-resign-after-referendum-rout-leaving-italy-in-limbo-idUSKBN13T019"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">referendum on constitutional reforms</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, leading to the resignation of then-prime minister Matteo Renzi, in December 2016.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The</span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Star_Movement"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Five Star Movement</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> (</span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">Movimento 5 Stelle, "</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">M5S") was founded in 2009 and was quick to make its mark as a disruptive force in Italian politics, taking the second-largest share of the vote in the</span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_general_election,_2013"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">2013 election</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">. The party went on to win the</span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginia_Raggi"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Mayoralty of Rome in 2016</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> and successfully campaigned against the government in a</span><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-italy-referendum/renzi-to-resign-after-referendum-rout-leaving-italy-in-limbo-idUSKBN13T019"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">referendum on constitutional reforms</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, leading to the resignation of then-prime minister Matteo Renzi, in December 2016.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The</span><a href="https://www.movimento5stelle.it/programma/index.html"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">party's program</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> is broadly eurosceptic and protectionist. It taps into public anger toward establishment politics, which is commonly</span><a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-italy-election/italy-faces-political-gridlock-after-5-star-surges-idUKKCN1GG006"><span style="font-weight: 400;"> perceived as</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> rife with corruption and cronyism.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The</span><a href="https://www.movimento5stelle.it/programma/index.html"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">party's program</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> is broadly eurosceptic and protectionist. It taps into public anger toward establishment politics, which is commonly</span><a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-italy-election/italy-faces-political-gridlock-after-5-star-surges-idUKKCN1GG006"><span style="font-weight: 400;"> perceived as</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> rife with corruption and cronyism.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">One of its eye-catching early promises was a commitment to "</span><a href="https://www.economist.com/news/europe/21733981-there-are-not-very-many-them-young-italians-are-fed-up-traditional-political"><span style="font-weight: 400;">bottom-up democracy</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">," (</span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">Economist</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">) allowing the public to directly influence its program through online voting, and promising to apply an accessible approach to policymaking if it entered government.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">One of its eye-catching early promises was a commitment to "</span><a href="https://www.economist.com/news/europe/21733981-there-are-not-very-many-them-young-italians-are-fed-up-traditional-political"><span style="font-weight: 400;">bottom-up democracy</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">," (</span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">Economist</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">) allowing the public to directly influence its program through online voting, and promising to apply an accessible approach to policymaking if it entered government.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The party's founder, comedian <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beppe_Grillo">Beppe Grillo</a>, has in the past been convicted of defamation and other offences. His bombastic leadership style attracted criticism, as did an adherence to conspiracy theories, such as</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;"> <a href="http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2017/05/03/news/vaccini_grillo_pretende_scuse_nyt_bufala_nostra_campagna_contro_ma_la_rete_si_scatena-164511716/?refresh_ce">the belief</a></span><span style="font-weight: 400;"> that vaccination cause autism (</span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">Repubblica, in Italian</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">).</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The party's founder, comedian <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beppe_Grillo">Beppe Grillo</a>, has in the past been convicted of defamation and other offences. His bombastic leadership style attracted criticism, as did an adherence to conspiracy theories, such as</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;"> <a href="http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2017/05/03/news/vaccini_grillo_pretende_scuse_nyt_bufala_nostra_campagna_contro_ma_la_rete_si_scatena-164511716/?refresh_ce">the belief</a></span><span style="font-weight: 400;"> that vaccination cause autism (</span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">Repubblica, in Italian</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">).</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The party's current leader, 31-year-old</span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luigi_Di_Maio"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Luigi Di Maio</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, has</span><a href="http://genova.repubblica.it/cronaca/2017/07/13/news/comunarie_genova_di_maio_indagato_per_diffamazione-170704824/"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">also been accused of defamation</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, but used parliamentary privilege to avoid legal proceedings, in July 2017 (</span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">Repubblica</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">).</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The party's current leader, 31-year-old</span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luigi_Di_Maio"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Luigi Di Maio</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, has</span><a href="http://genova.repubblica.it/cronaca/2017/07/13/news/comunarie_genova_di_maio_indagato_per_diffamazione-170704824/"> <span style="font-weight: 400;">also been accused of defamation</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, but used parliamentary privilege to avoid legal proceedings, in July 2017 (</span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">Repubblica</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">).</span>
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