• Revision ID 43132 PUBLISHED
  • 2018-01-22 18:23:24
  • by Charles Turner (talk | contribs)
  • Note: changed language on DACA debate
 
   
Title Title
US government shutdown: what it is and why it's happening US government shutdown: what it is and why it's happening
Summary Summary
  The U.S. government partially closed mainly because of difference over who stays in the country
Highlights Highlights
  The president’s cooperation on immigration comes with a price, including his proposed Mexican border wall.  , Seventy-nine percent of DACA recipients are from Mexico, according to Pew Research.
Content Content
<span style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>The U.S. government shut down at midnight on Friday, resulting in a suspension of “non-essential” federal services.</strong> </span> <span style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>The U.S. government shut down at midnight on Friday, resulting in a suspension of “non-essential” federal services.</strong> </span>
<a href="http://www.businessinsider.com/government-shutdown-2018-what-stays-open-close-2018-1"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The shutdown affects sectors</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> such as the Department of Labor and National Parks Service. </span> <a href="http://www.businessinsider.com/government-shutdown-2018-what-stays-open-close-2018-1"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The shutdown affects sectors</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> such as the Department of Labor and National Parks Service. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Essential services, including national security, emergency healthcare, and the U.S. Postal Service, remain in operation. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Essential services, including national security, emergency healthcare, and the U.S. Postal Service, remain in operation. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The shutdown came after Democratic and Republican lawmakers failed to pass a budget before Friday night’s deadline. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The shutdown came after Democratic and Republican lawmakers failed to pass a budget before Friday night’s deadline. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">This isn't the first time the government has shut down. In 2013, t</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">he</span><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-congress-shutdown-factbox/factbox-a-look-at-past-u-s-government-shutdowns-idUSKBN1F82KV?il=0"><span style="font-weight: 400;"> federal government shut down over a dispute involving healthcare reform</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">. Republican congress members attempted to “defund Obamacare,” a law they saw as drastic government overreach.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">This isn't the first time the government has shut down. In 2013, t</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">he</span><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-congress-shutdown-factbox/factbox-a-look-at-past-u-s-government-shutdowns-idUSKBN1F82KV?il=0"><span style="font-weight: 400;"> federal government shut down over a dispute involving healthcare reform</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">. Republican congress members attempted to “defund Obamacare,” a law they saw as drastic government overreach.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The current gridlock mostly stems from differences over immigration – a defining issue of candidate Donald Trump’s presidential campaign. The divide largely boils down to the <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deferred_Action_for_Childhood_Arrivals">Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals</a> (DACA) program and border security. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The current gridlock mostly stems from differences over immigration – a defining issue of candidate Donald Trump’s presidential campaign. The divide largely boils down to the <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deferred_Action_for_Childhood_Arrivals">Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals</a> (DACA) program and border security. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Recipients of DACA legal protections are known as "Dreamers."</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">Democrats </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">want protections </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">for Dreamers, per an Obama-era executive order that prevented deportation of undocumented immigrants who illegally arrived in the United States as minors. President Trump ended DACA with an executive order of his own, leaving the roughly 700,000 undocumented immigrants under the program vulnerable for deportation. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Recipients of DACA legal protections are known as "Dreamers."</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">Democrats </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">want protections </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">for Dreamers, per an Obama-era executive order that prevented deportation of undocumented immigrants who illegally arrived in the United States as minors. President Trump ended DACA with an executive order of his own, leaving the roughly 700,000 undocumented immigrants under the program vulnerable for deportation. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Trump has expressed </span><a href="https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/908276308265795585?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw&amp;ref_url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.washingtonexaminer.com%2Ftrumps-base-doesnt-like-his-daca-tweets%2Farticle%2F2634410"><span style="font-weight: 400;">sympathy for DACA </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">recipients in the past, even at the risk of angering his electoral base. However, the president’s cooperation on immigration comes with a price, including his proposed <a href="http://fortune.com/2018/01/19/donald-trump-border-wall/">border wall</a> with Mexico (<em>Fortune</em>).</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Trump has expressed </span><a href="https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/908276308265795585?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw&amp;ref_url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.washingtonexaminer.com%2Ftrumps-base-doesnt-like-his-daca-tweets%2Farticle%2F2634410"><span style="font-weight: 400;">sympathy for DACA </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">recipients in the past, even at the risk of angering his electoral base. However, the president’s cooperation on immigration comes with a price, including his proposed <a href="http://fortune.com/2018/01/19/donald-trump-border-wall/">border wall</a> with Mexico (<em>Fortune</em>).</span>
https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/908276308265795585 https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/908276308265795585
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The White House has made increased border security and a </span><a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-37243269"><span style="font-weight: 400;">1,000-mile-long barrier</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> along the Mexican border</span><a href="http://www.cnn.com/2018/01/06/politics/trump-daca-wall-immigration/index.html"><span style="font-weight: 400;"> primary demands</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> in budget negotiations (</span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">CNN</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">). Democrats have opposed the idea ever since candidate Trump made his campaign promise to “build a wall.”</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The White House has made increased border security and a </span><a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-37243269"><span style="font-weight: 400;">1,000-mile-long barrier</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> along the Mexican border</span><a href="http://www.cnn.com/2018/01/06/politics/trump-daca-wall-immigration/index.html"><span style="font-weight: 400;"> primary demands</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> in budget negotiations (</span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">CNN</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">). Democrats have opposed the idea ever since candidate Trump made his campaign promise to “build a wall.”</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Concerns about border security refer mainly to the United States' </span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexico%E2%80%93United_States_border">1,954-mile-long land border</a> with Mexico. Seventy-nine percent of DACA recipients<span style="font-weight: 400;"> are from Mexico, according to <a href="http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/09/25/key-facts-about-unauthorized-immigrants-enrolled-in-daca/">Pew Research</a>. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Concerns about border security refer mainly to the United States' </span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexico%E2%80%93United_States_border">1,954-mile-long land border</a> with Mexico. Seventy-nine percent of DACA recipients<span style="font-weight: 400;"> are from Mexico, according to <a href="http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/09/25/key-facts-about-unauthorized-immigrants-enrolled-in-daca/">Pew Research</a>. </span>
<h2>The word that derailed negotiations</h2> <h2>The word that derailed negotiations</h2>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The White House has said it's not interested in </span><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-congress-shutdown/trump-to-democrats-no-immigration-talk-until-u-s-government-reopened-idUSKBN1F90DE"><span style="font-weight: 400;">negotiating an immigration deal </span></a>with Democrats <span style="font-weight: 400;">until the government is reopened.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The White House has said it's not interested in </span><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-congress-shutdown/trump-to-democrats-no-immigration-talk-until-u-s-government-reopened-idUSKBN1F90DE"><span style="font-weight: 400;">negotiating an immigration deal </span></a>with Democrats <span style="font-weight: 400;">until the government is reopened.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Democrats say Trump nixed a</span><a href="https://www.apnews.com/e01ae8f8033d46cc98465181503ff036/Democrats,-GOP-try-to-dodge-blame-for-shuttered-government"><span style="font-weight: 400;"> compromise deal </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">after initially supporting it. The bipartisan solution was put together by Democratic </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">Senator Dick Durbin and Republican Senator Lindsey Graham specifically over the immigration issue. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Democrats say Trump nixed a</span><a href="https://www.apnews.com/e01ae8f8033d46cc98465181503ff036/Democrats,-GOP-try-to-dodge-blame-for-shuttered-government"><span style="font-weight: 400;"> compromise deal </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">after initially supporting it. The bipartisan solution was put together by Democratic </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">Senator Dick Durbin and Republican Senator Lindsey Graham specifically over the immigration issue. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Hope for a deal fizzled on January 11 once the senators entered the Oval Office, </span><a href="https://www.buzzfeed.com/paulmcleod/lindsey-graham-says-trump-was-on-board-with-bipartisan?utm_term=.ltBPVo21NO#.qarLbDMlWZ"><span style="font-weight: 400;">according to Graham</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, where a tense exchange ensued and the president had a change of heart </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">(Buzzfeed). <span style="font-weight: 400;">Hope for a deal fizzled on January 11 once the senators entered the Oval Office, </span><a href="https://www.buzzfeed.com/paulmcleod/lindsey-graham-says-trump-was-on-board-with-bipartisan?utm_term=.ltBPVo21NO#.qarLbDMlWZ"><span style="font-weight: 400;">according to Graham</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, where a tense exchange ensued and the president had a change of heart </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">(Buzzfeed).
</span></i> </span></i>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The dispute centered on the disproportionate acceptance of immigrants from impoverished countries, Haiti and African nations in particular. The language used in the meeting is disputed. Durbin said that during the meeting Trump used the word </span><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/01/16/united_states/you-say-shithole-he-apparently-said-shithouse-shall-we-call-the-whole-thing-off/39501/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">“shithole” </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">to refer to these developing countries. A source later claimed the offensive word was actually "<a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/01/16/united_states/you-say-shithole-he-apparently-said-shithouse-shall-we-call-the-whole-thing-off/39501/">shithouse</a>." The language ignited debate over which nationalities the United States should accept, and </span><a href="https://www.politico.com/story/2018/01/14/trump-racism-immigration-shithole-340601"><span style="font-weight: 400;">whether the president is racist</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> for voicing a preference for European immigrants over Haitians </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">(Politico). </span></i> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The dispute centered on the disproportionate acceptance of immigrants from impoverished countries, Haiti and African nations in particular. The language used in the meeting is disputed. Durbin said that during the meeting Trump used the word </span><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/01/16/united_states/you-say-shithole-he-apparently-said-shithouse-shall-we-call-the-whole-thing-off/39501/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">“shithole” </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">to refer to these developing countries. A source later claimed the offensive word was actually "<a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/01/16/united_states/you-say-shithole-he-apparently-said-shithouse-shall-we-call-the-whole-thing-off/39501/">shithouse</a>." The language ignited debate over which nationalities the United States should accept, and </span><a href="https://www.politico.com/story/2018/01/14/trump-racism-immigration-shithole-340601"><span style="font-weight: 400;">whether the president is racist</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> for voicing a preference for European immigrants over Haitians </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">(Politico). </span></i>
However inflammatory Trump's choice of words might have been, the DACA fight revolves around immigrants primarily from Spanish-speaking countries. However inflammatory Trump's choice of words might have been, the DACA fight revolves around immigrants primarily from Spanish-speaking countries.
[caption id="attachment_42397" align="aligncenter" width="171"]<img class="wp-image-42397 " src="https://www.wikitribune.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/FT_17.09.25_DACA_Topcountries.png" alt="" width="171" height="433" /> Pew Research via data from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. From September 2017.[/caption] [caption id="attachment_42397" align="aligncenter" width="171"]<img class="wp-image-42397 " src="https://www.wikitribune.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/FT_17.09.25_DACA_Topcountries.png" alt="" width="171" height="433" /> Pew Research via data from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. From September 2017.[/caption]
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The Childhood Health Insurance Program (CHIP) is another dispute in the political showdown, though one that enjoys more bipartisan support than DACA. </span><a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2018/01/18/trump-goes-against-his-own-partys-shutdown-plan-with-chip-childrens-insurance-tweet.html"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Republicans offered to extend CHIP</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> by six years in a temporary stop-gap budget bill </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">(CNBC). </span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">But the bill didn't pass, mainly because it didn’t include language on DACA. CHIP remains unfunded, leaving </span><a href="http://familiesusa.org/product/children-health-insurance-program-chip"><span style="font-weight: 400;">9 million children</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> without federal assistance for health care payments </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">(Families USA).</span></i> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The Childhood Health Insurance Program (CHIP) is another dispute in the political showdown, though one that enjoys more bipartisan support than DACA. </span><a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2018/01/18/trump-goes-against-his-own-partys-shutdown-plan-with-chip-childrens-insurance-tweet.html"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Republicans offered to extend CHIP</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> by six years in a temporary stop-gap budget bill </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">(CNBC). </span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">But the bill didn't pass, mainly because it didn’t include language on DACA. CHIP remains unfunded, leaving </span><a href="http://familiesusa.org/product/children-health-insurance-program-chip"><span style="font-weight: 400;">9 million children</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> without federal assistance for health care payments </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">(Families USA).</span></i>
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