• Revision ID 42681 REVISION
  • 2018-01-22 01:22:20
  • by Gary Lerude (talk | contribs)
  • Note: The shutdown occurred Friday at midnight, not Wednesday.
  • Revision ID 42682 REVISION
  • 2018-01-22 01:23:20
  • by Gary Lerude (talk | contribs)
  • Note: The shutdown occurred Friday night, not Wednesday night
 
   
Title Title
US government shutdown: what it is and why it is happening US government shutdown: what it is and why it is happening
Summary Summary
The federal government of the United States is partially closed mainly because of difference over who stays in the country The federal government of the United States is partially closed mainly because of difference over who stays in the country
Highlights Highlights
The president’s cooperation on immigration comes with a price, including the infamous wall.  , 79 percent of DACA recipients are from Mexico, according to Pew Research. The president’s cooperation on immigration comes with a price, including the infamous wall.  , 79 percent of DACA recipients are from Mexico, according to Pew Research.
Content Content
<span style="font-weight: 400"><strong>The U.S. government shutdown at midnight on Friday, resulting in an end of “non-essential” federal services.</strong> </span> <span style="font-weight: 400"><strong>The U.S. government shutdown at midnight on Friday, resulting in an end of “non-essential” federal services.</strong> </span>
<a href="http://www.businessinsider.com/government-shutdown-2018-what-stays-open-close-2018-1"><span style="font-weight: 400">This affects sectors</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> such as the Department of Labor and national park services. Essential services include national security, emergency healthcare and the postal service. </span> <a href="http://www.businessinsider.com/government-shutdown-2018-what-stays-open-close-2018-1"><span style="font-weight: 400">This affects sectors</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> such as the Department of Labor and national park services. Essential services include national security, emergency healthcare and the postal service. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">The shutdown came after Democratic and Republican lawmakers failed to pass on a budget before Wednesday night’s critical deadline. </span>  <span style="font-weight: 400">The shutdown came after Democratic and Republican lawmakers failed to pass on a budget before Friday night’s critical deadline. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">This is not the first time the government has shut down. In 2013, t</span><span style="font-weight: 400">he</span><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-congress-shutdown-factbox/factbox-a-look-at-past-u-s-government-shutdowns-idUSKBN1F82KV?il=0"><span style="font-weight: 400"> federal government shut down over healthcare</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">. Republican congress members attempted to “defund Obamacare,” a law that they saw as drastic government overreach.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400">This is not the first time the government has shut down. In 2013, t</span><span style="font-weight: 400">he</span><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-congress-shutdown-factbox/factbox-a-look-at-past-u-s-government-shutdowns-idUSKBN1F82KV?il=0"><span style="font-weight: 400"> federal government shut down over healthcare</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">. Republican congress members attempted to “defund Obamacare,” a law that they saw as drastic government overreach.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">This particular episode of gridlock mostly stems from differences on immigration -- the defining issue of Donald Trump’s presidential campaign. The partisan fight over immigration is one with many battlefields, but this divide largely boils down to the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program and border security. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400">This particular episode of gridlock mostly stems from differences on immigration -- the defining issue of Donald Trump’s presidential campaign. The partisan fight over immigration is one with many battlefields, but this divide largely boils down to the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program and border security. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">Democrats </span><a href="https://www.apnews.com/e01ae8f8033d46cc98465181503ff036/Democrats,-GOP-try-to-dodge-blame-for-shuttered-government"><span style="font-weight: 400">want legal protection </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">for those known as “Dreamers.” These are recipients of the DACA, an Obama-era executive order that shielded undocumented immigrants from deportation who illegally came to the United States as minors. Trump ended DACA with an executive order of his own, leaving the roughly 700,000 immigrants under the program vulnerable for deportation. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400">Democrats </span><a href="https://www.apnews.com/e01ae8f8033d46cc98465181503ff036/Democrats,-GOP-try-to-dodge-blame-for-shuttered-government"><span style="font-weight: 400">want legal protection </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">for those known as “Dreamers.” These are recipients of the DACA, an Obama-era executive order that shielded undocumented immigrants from deportation who illegally came to the United States as minors. Trump ended DACA with an executive order of his own, leaving the roughly 700,000 immigrants under the program vulnerable for deportation. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">Trump has expressed </span><a href="https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/908276308265795585?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw&amp;ref_url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.washingtonexaminer.com%2Ftrumps-base-doesnt-like-his-daca-tweets%2Farticle%2F2634410"><span style="font-weight: 400">sympathy for DACA </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">recipients in the past, even at risk of angering his electoral base. However, the president’s cooperation on immigration comes with a price, including the infamous proposed <a href="http://fortune.com/2018/01/19/donald-trump-border-wall/">southern border wall</a> with Mexico (Fortune).</span> <span style="font-weight: 400">Trump has expressed </span><a href="https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/908276308265795585?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw&amp;ref_url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.washingtonexaminer.com%2Ftrumps-base-doesnt-like-his-daca-tweets%2Farticle%2F2634410"><span style="font-weight: 400">sympathy for DACA </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">recipients in the past, even at risk of angering his electoral base. However, the president’s cooperation on immigration comes with a price, including the infamous proposed <a href="http://fortune.com/2018/01/19/donald-trump-border-wall/">southern border wall</a> with Mexico (Fortune).</span>
https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/908276308265795585 https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/908276308265795585
<span style="font-weight: 400">Increased border security and a </span><a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-37243269"><span style="font-weight: 400">1,000 mile-long barrier</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> along the Mexican border, </span><a href="http://www.cnn.com/2018/01/06/politics/trump-daca-wall-immigration/index.html"><span style="font-weight: 400">are the two main demands</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> of the White House in budget negotiations (</span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">CNN</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400">). Democrats have fiercely opposed the the enormous infrastructure project since the Trump made the infamous campaign promise to “build a wall.”</span> <span style="font-weight: 400">Increased border security and a </span><a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-37243269"><span style="font-weight: 400">1,000 mile-long barrier</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> along the Mexican border, </span><a href="http://www.cnn.com/2018/01/06/politics/trump-daca-wall-immigration/index.html"><span style="font-weight: 400">are the two main demands</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> of the White House in budget negotiations (</span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">CNN</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400">). Democrats have fiercely opposed the the enormous infrastructure project since the Trump made the infamous campaign promise to “build a wall.”</span>
<h2><b>Blame game</b></h2> <h2><b>Blame game</b></h2>
<span style="font-weight: 400">Since the shutdown, the White House said that it is not interested in </span><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-congress-shutdown/trump-to-democrats-no-immigration-talk-until-u-s-government-reopened-idUSKBN1F90DE"><span style="font-weight: 400">negotiating on immigration </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">until the government reopened, accusing the Democrats of holding the government hostage. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400">Since the shutdown, the White House said that it is not interested in </span><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-congress-shutdown/trump-to-democrats-no-immigration-talk-until-u-s-government-reopened-idUSKBN1F90DE"><span style="font-weight: 400">negotiating on immigration </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">until the government reopened, accusing the Democrats of holding the government hostage. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">Democrats’ counter argument is that a</span><a href="https://www.apnews.com/e01ae8f8033d46cc98465181503ff036/Democrats,-GOP-try-to-dodge-blame-for-shuttered-government"><span style="font-weight: 400"> compromise was on the table</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">, and Trump </span><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-immigration-exclusive/exclusive-trump-takes-hard-line-on-immigration-rejects-horrible-bipartisan-plan-idUSKBN1F62QL"><span style="font-weight: 400">shot it down</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> after initially supporting it. The bipartisan solution was cobbled together by </span><span style="font-weight: 400">Senator Dick Durbin, a Democrat, and Senator Lindsey Graham, a Republican, specifically over the immigration issue. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400">Democrats’ counter argument is that a</span><a href="https://www.apnews.com/e01ae8f8033d46cc98465181503ff036/Democrats,-GOP-try-to-dodge-blame-for-shuttered-government"><span style="font-weight: 400"> compromise was on the table</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">, and Trump </span><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-immigration-exclusive/exclusive-trump-takes-hard-line-on-immigration-rejects-horrible-bipartisan-plan-idUSKBN1F62QL"><span style="font-weight: 400">shot it down</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> after initially supporting it. The bipartisan solution was cobbled together by </span><span style="font-weight: 400">Senator Dick Durbin, a Democrat, and Senator Lindsey Graham, a Republican, specifically over the immigration issue. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">Everything changed once the Senators entered the Oval Office, </span><a href="https://www.buzzfeed.com/paulmcleod/lindsey-graham-says-trump-was-on-board-with-bipartisan?utm_term=.ltBPVo21NO#.qarLbDMlWZ"><span style="font-weight: 400">according to Graham</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">, where a tense exchange ensued and the president had a change of heart. </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">(Buzzfeed)</span></i> <span style="font-weight: 400">Everything changed once the Senators entered the Oval Office, </span><a href="https://www.buzzfeed.com/paulmcleod/lindsey-graham-says-trump-was-on-board-with-bipartisan?utm_term=.ltBPVo21NO#.qarLbDMlWZ"><span style="font-weight: 400">according to Graham</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">, where a tense exchange ensued and the president had a change of heart. </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">(Buzzfeed)</span></i>
[caption id="attachment_42397" align="alignright" width="200"]<img class="size-full wp-image-42397" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/01/FT_17.09.25_DACA_Topcountries.png" alt="" width="200" height="506" /> Pew Research via data from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. From September 2017.[/caption] [caption id="attachment_42397" align="alignright" width="200"]<img class="size-full wp-image-42397" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/01/FT_17.09.25_DACA_Topcountries.png" alt="" width="200" height="506" /> Pew Research via data from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. From September 2017.[/caption]
<span style="font-weight: 400">The dispute was over the disproportionate acceptance of immigrants from impoverished countries, Haiti and African nations in particular. The language used in the meeting is under dispute. Reports of the president using the word </span><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/01/16/united_states/you-say-shithole-he-apparently-said-shithouse-shall-we-call-the-whole-thing-off/39501/"><span style="font-weight: 400">“shithole” or “shithouse” </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">to refer to these developing countries, igniting a debate over which nationalities the U.S. should accept, and </span><a href="https://www.politico.com/story/2018/01/14/trump-racism-immigration-shithole-340601"><span style="font-weight: 400">whether the president is racist</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> for wanting Europeans instead of Haitians </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">(Politico).</span></i> <span style="font-weight: 400">The dispute was over the disproportionate acceptance of immigrants from impoverished countries, Haiti and African nations in particular. The language used in the meeting is under dispute. Reports of the president using the word </span><a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/01/16/united_states/you-say-shithole-he-apparently-said-shithouse-shall-we-call-the-whole-thing-off/39501/"><span style="font-weight: 400">“shithole” or “shithouse” </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">to refer to these developing countries, igniting a debate over which nationalities the U.S. should accept, and </span><a href="https://www.politico.com/story/2018/01/14/trump-racism-immigration-shithole-340601"><span style="font-weight: 400">whether the president is racist</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> for wanting Europeans instead of Haitians </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">(Politico).</span></i>
<span style="font-weight: 400">Trump’s comments about African countries, however, have little to do with this immigration fight. People from Latin American countries are what’s holding up this budget deal. </span><a href="http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/09/25/key-facts-about-unauthorized-immigrants-enrolled-in-daca/"><span style="font-weight: 400">Seventy nine percent of DACA recipients</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> are from Mexico, according to Pew Research. Concerns of border security are mainly over the southern border. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400">Trump’s comments about African countries, however, have little to do with this immigration fight. People from Latin American countries are what’s holding up this budget deal. </span><a href="http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/09/25/key-facts-about-unauthorized-immigrants-enrolled-in-daca/"><span style="font-weight: 400">Seventy nine percent of DACA recipients</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> are from Mexico, according to Pew Research. Concerns of border security are mainly over the southern border. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400">The Childhood Health Insurance Program (CHIP) has become another bargaining piece in this partisan showdown, but one that enjoys far more bipartisan support than immigration. </span><a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2018/01/18/trump-goes-against-his-own-partys-shutdown-plan-with-chip-childrens-insurance-tweet.html"><span style="font-weight: 400">Republicans offered to extend CHIP</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> by six years in a temporary stop-gap budget bill </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">(CNBC).  </span></i><span style="font-weight: 400">Since the bill never passed, mainly because it didn’t include language on DACA, CHIP remains unfunded leaving </span><a href="http://familiesusa.org/product/children-health-insurance-program-chip"><span style="font-weight: 400">9 million children</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> without federal assistance for health care payments.  </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">(Families USA)</span></i> <span style="font-weight: 400">The Childhood Health Insurance Program (CHIP) has become another bargaining piece in this partisan showdown, but one that enjoys far more bipartisan support than immigration. </span><a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2018/01/18/trump-goes-against-his-own-partys-shutdown-plan-with-chip-childrens-insurance-tweet.html"><span style="font-weight: 400">Republicans offered to extend CHIP</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> by six years in a temporary stop-gap budget bill </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">(CNBC).  </span></i><span style="font-weight: 400">Since the bill never passed, mainly because it didn’t include language on DACA, CHIP remains unfunded leaving </span><a href="http://familiesusa.org/product/children-health-insurance-program-chip"><span style="font-weight: 400">9 million children</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> without federal assistance for health care payments.  </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400">(Families USA)</span></i>
Categories Categories
Immigration, Politics, United States, United States Immigration, Politics, United States, United States
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explainer explainer
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DACA, shutdown DACA, shutdown
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