• Revision ID 33521 REVISION
  • 2018-01-06 21:04:14
  • by Chuck Thompson (talk | contribs)
  • Note: Typo ("supposed" to "opposed"), added Trump no cite stats per community member comment
 
   
Title Title
The politics behind voter fraud in the U.S. The politics behind voter fraud in the U.S.
Summary Summary
Trump disbands commission on voter fraud but still believes problem exists. Most Americans agree, but statistics say otherwise Trump disbands commission on voter fraud but still believes problem exists. Most Americans agree, but statistics say otherwise
Highlights Highlights
Voter fraud is rare: roughly 1 in every 15 million voters , Majority of public supports laws to combat voter fraud , TAKE PART: Contribute to this story, how can WikiTribune better investigate this topic?  Voter fraud is rare: roughly 1 in every 15 million voters , Majority of public supports laws to combat voter fraud , TAKE PART: Contribute to this story, how can WikiTribune better investigate this topic?
Content Content
<em>This is a story under construction. Help WikiTribune by using <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2017/12/21/drugs-2/take-part-uruguays-ongoing-legalization-of-cannabis/30430/#talk">TALK</a> or <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/wp-admin/post.php?post=30430&amp;action=edit">EDIT.</a></em> <em>This is a story under construction. Help WikiTribune by using <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2017/12/21/drugs-2/take-part-uruguays-ongoing-legalization-of-cannabis/30430/#talk">TALK</a> or <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/wp-admin/post.php?post=30430&amp;action=edit">EDIT.</a></em>
<b>Statistically, voter fraud in the United States is extraordinarily rare. Yet 34 states have some type of voter identification law to prevent impersonation at the ballot box. President Donald J. Trump and the majority of Americans support these laws, but many others believe the laws are designed to prevent people from voting, in particular people of color and lower-income Americans. </b> <b>Statistically, voter fraud in the United States is extraordinarily rare. Yet 34 states have some type of voter identification law to prevent impersonation at the ballot box. President Donald J. Trump and the majority of Americans support these laws, but many others believe the laws are designed to prevent people from voting, in particular people of color and lower-income Americans. </b>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">President Donald J. Trump announced on Thursday that he will </span><a href="https://www.apnews.com/67f6a7741a534b629184e4e8f939bbb3"><span style="font-weight: 400;">disband the commission </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">tasked with investigating voter fraud in federal elections. </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">The </span><a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/presidential-executive-order-establishment-presidential-advisory-commission-election-integrity/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Commission of Electoral Integrity</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> was established </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">in May 2017 </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">after Trump claimed that at least </span><a href="https://twitter.com/realdonaldtrump/status/802972944532209664?lang=en"><span style="font-weight: 400;">3 </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">million people voted illegally</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> in the 2016 presidential election, which he says enabled Hillary Clinton to win the popular vote by 2.9 million votes. </span>  <span style="font-weight: 400;">Trump announced on Thursday that he will </span><a href="https://www.apnews.com/67f6a7741a534b629184e4e8f939bbb3"><span style="font-weight: 400;">disband the commission </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">tasked with investigating voter fraud in federal elections. </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">The </span><a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/presidential-executive-order-establishment-presidential-advisory-commission-election-integrity/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Commission of Electoral Integrity</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> was established </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">in May 2017 </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">after Trump claimed that at least </span><a href="https://twitter.com/realdonaldtrump/status/802972944532209664?lang=en"><span style="font-weight: 400;">3 </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">million people voted illegally</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> in the 2016 presidential election, which he says enabled Hillary Clinton to win the popular vote by 2.9 million votes. Trump did not cite any official statistics or sources when making this claim.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Trump said a lack of cooperation from "Democrat States," which</span><a href="https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/948872192284155904"><span style="font-weight: 400;"> refused to provide state election data </span></a>to the commission, <span style="font-weight: 400;">was the reason behind the decision. The president continues to believe that there is <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/presidential-executive-order-establishment-presidential-advisory-commission-election-integrity/">"substantial evidence of voter fraud."</a></span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Trump said a lack of cooperation from "Democrat States," which</span><a href="https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/948872192284155904"><span style="font-weight: 400;"> refused to provide state election data </span></a>to the commission, <span style="font-weight: 400;">was the reason behind the decision. The president continues to believe that there is <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/presidential-executive-order-establishment-presidential-advisory-commission-election-integrity/">"substantial evidence of voter fraud."</a></span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">“Rather than engage in endless legal battles at taxpayer expense, today President Donald J. Trump signed an executive order to dissolve the Commission,” reads the statement. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">“Rather than engage in endless legal battles at taxpayer expense, today President Donald J. Trump signed an executive order to dissolve the Commission,” reads the statement. </span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">The committee wasn’t able to prove Trump's claims on voter fraud. </span><span style="font-weight: 400;"><a href="https://www.brennancenter.org/sites/default/files/analysis/Briefing_Memo_Debunking_Voter_Fraud_Myth.pdf">Several studies</a> have already researched the topic </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">(Brennan Center)</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">. None of these investigations found non-eligible residents voting at a significant level. Certainly nothing close to the 3 million illegal ballots suggested by the president. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The committee wasn’t able to prove Trump's claims on voter fraud. </span><span style="font-weight: 400;"><a href="https://www.brennancenter.org/sites/default/files/analysis/Briefing_Memo_Debunking_Voter_Fraud_Myth.pdf">Several studies</a> have already researched the topic </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">(Brennan Center)</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">. None of these investigations found non-eligible residents voting at a significant level. Certainly nothing close to the 3 million illegal ballots suggested by the president. </span>
<h2>Study findings at odds with common beliefs</h2> <h2>Study findings at odds with common beliefs</h2>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Voter fraud does occur in limited numbers. </span><a href="https://votingrights.news21.com/article/election-fraud/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">News21</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, an investigative project headquartered at the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication at Arizona State University, found 10 cases of <em>in-person</em> voter impersonation between 2000-2012. This works out to roughly 1 in every 15 million voters. The </span><a href="https://www.brennancenter.org/sites/default/files/analysis/Briefing_Memo_Debunking_Voter_Fraud_Myth.pdf"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Brennan Center for Justice</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> compiled a list in January 2017 of additional studies and court cases that found similar figures.</span>  <span style="font-weight: 400;">Voter fraud does occur in limited numbers. </span><a href="https://votingrights.news21.com/article/election-fraud/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">News21</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, an investigative project headquartered at the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication at Arizona State University, found 10 cases of in-person voter impersonation between 2000-2012. This works out to roughly 1 in every 15 million voters. The </span><a href="https://www.brennancenter.org/sites/default/files/analysis/Briefing_Memo_Debunking_Voter_Fraud_Myth.pdf"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Brennan Center for Justice</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> compiled a list in January 2017 of additional studies and court cases that found similar figures.</span>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">While voter fraud is rare, many states have voter identification laws aimed at preventing impersonation. The National Conference of State Legislatures</span><a href="http://www.ncsl.org/research/elections-and-campaigns/voter-id.aspx"><span style="font-weight: 400;"> tallied 34 states</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> with laws that require showing some form of ID at the ballot box. Seven states have strict government-issued photo ID requirements. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">While voter fraud is rare, many states have voter identification laws aimed at preventing impersonation. The National Conference of State Legislatures</span><a href="http://www.ncsl.org/research/elections-and-campaigns/voter-id.aspx"><span style="font-weight: 400;"> tallied 34 states</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> with laws that require showing some form of ID at the ballot box. Seven states have strict government-issued photo ID requirements. </span>
  Voter ID legislation affects only in-person voting. The purpose is to prevent people who disguise their identity at the polls from casting ballots.
Voter ID legislation only affects in-person voting. The purpose being to catch those who disguise their identity at the polls. But fraud is actually more of a problem with mail-in absentee ballots, though still rare. The same <a href="https://votingrights.news21.com/article/election-fraud/">News21 investigation</a> found 491 cases of fraudulent mail-in votes between 2000 and 2012, suppose to the 10 in-person incidences of impersonation.  Though still rare, fraud is actually more of a problem with mail-in absentee ballots. The same <a href="https://votingrights.news21.com/article/election-fraud/">News21 investigation</a> found 491 cases of fraudulent mail-in votes between 2000 and 2012, as opposed to the previously referenced 10 cases of in-person impersonation.
Voter ID laws also do not prevent voter registration fraud. News21 found 400 cases where someone put down false information when registering as a voter. This includes incorrect place of residence, name or legal status. The study does not say how many people, if any, voted under these false registrations.  Voter ID laws do not prevent voter registration fraud. News21 found 400 cases in which a person submitted false information when registering as a voter. This includes providing incorrect name, place of residence and/or legal status. The study does not say how many people, if any, voted after a false registration.
<em>(Community member <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/user/jonathan-cardy/">Jonathon Cardy</a> would like more reporting on voter registration fraud. Use <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/01/05/united_states/the-politics-behind-voter-fraud-in-the-u-s/33105/#talk">TALK</a> if you agree, or want another aspect of this topic investigated).</em> <em>(Community member <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/user/jonathan-cardy/">Jonathon Cardy</a> would like more reporting on voter registration fraud. Use <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/01/05/united_states/the-politics-behind-voter-fraud-in-the-u-s/33105/#talk">TALK</a> if you agree, or want another aspect of this topic investigated).</em>
<span style="font-weight: 400;">Democrats tend to be the fiercest critics of voter ID laws. They don't believe that voter fraud is a serious problem and view voter ID laws as <a href="https://www.democrats.org/issues/voting-rights">purposefully targeting</a> Democratic voters. They say typically Democratic voters, such as voters from lower-income communities and communities of color, are less likely to be able to afford the fees and time needed to obtain a government ID. </span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Democrats tend to be the fiercest critics of voter ID laws. They don't believe that voter fraud is a serious problem and view voter ID laws as <a href="https://www.democrats.org/issues/voting-rights">purposefully targeting</a> Democratic voters. They say typically Democratic voters, such as voters from lower-income communities and communities of color, are less likely to be able to afford the fees and time needed to obtain a government ID. </span>
"As Republican politicians try to make it harder to vote, Democrats are working to expand access to the polls," reads an <a href="https://www.democrats.org/issues/voting-rights">official Democratic Party statement</a> on voter ID. "As Republican politicians try to make it harder to vote, Democrats are working to expand access to the polls," reads an <a href="https://www.democrats.org/issues/voting-rights">official Democratic Party statement</a> on voter ID.
The Democratic Party, however, is largely fighting against popular belief. A 2016 <a href="http://news.gallup.com/poll/194741/four-five-americans-support-voter-laws-early-voting.aspx">Gallup poll found that 80 percent</a> of Americans support photo ID in order to vote. <span style="font-weight: 400;">A large number of Americans also believe that voter fraud exists. </span> The Democratic Party, however, is largely fighting against popular belief. A 2016 <a href="http://news.gallup.com/poll/194741/four-five-americans-support-voter-laws-early-voting.aspx">Gallup poll found that 80 percent</a> of Americans support photo ID in order to vote. <span style="font-weight: 400;">A large number of Americans also believe that voter fraud exists. </span>
[caption id="attachment_33107" align="aligncenter" width="620"]<a href="http://www.apnorc.org/projects/Pages/HTML%20Reports/views-on-the-american-election-process-and-perceptions-of-voter-fraud-issue-brief.aspx"><img class="wp-image-33107 size-medium" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/01/APNORC-voter-fraud-620x351.jpg" alt="" width="620" height="351" /></a> APNORC, Associated Press and the University of Chicago joint project, study public opinion behind voter fraud.[/caption] [caption id="attachment_33107" align="aligncenter" width="620"]<a href="http://www.apnorc.org/projects/Pages/HTML%20Reports/views-on-the-american-election-process-and-perceptions-of-voter-fraud-issue-brief.aspx"><img class="wp-image-33107 size-medium" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/01/APNORC-voter-fraud-620x351.jpg" alt="" width="620" height="351" /></a> APNORC, Associated Press and the University of Chicago joint project, study public opinion behind voter fraud.[/caption]
<a href="http://www.apnorc.org/projects/Pages/HTML%20Reports/views-on-the-american-election-process-and-perceptions-of-voter-fraud-issue-brief.aspx"><span style="font-weight: 400;">APNORC</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, a research project led by the Associated Press and the University of Chicago, polled 1,022 adults in 2016 to gauge their thoughts on the integrity of federal elections. One-third of participants believed that there is a “great deal” of voter fraud. More than one-fourth said that there is “some fraud.”</span> <a href="http://www.apnorc.org/projects/Pages/HTML%20Reports/views-on-the-american-election-process-and-perceptions-of-voter-fraud-issue-brief.aspx"><span style="font-weight: 400;">APNORC</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, a research project led by the Associated Press and the University of Chicago, polled 1,022 adults in 2016 to gauge their thoughts on the integrity of federal elections. One-third of participants believed that there is a “great deal” of voter fraud. More than one-fourth said that there is “some fraud.”</span>
<strong>How can WikiTribune continue to cover this topic? What have you always wondered about the conversation behind voter fraud? </strong> <strong>How can WikiTribune continue to cover this topic? What have you always wondered about the conversation behind voter fraud? </strong>
<h2>Possible angles:</h2> <h2>Possible angles:</h2>
<ul> <ul>
<li>Investigate 'why' and 'how' voter fraud happens, even if it's rare. Profile the handful of people who've been caught. (<em>Idea from community-member <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/user/mark-wasson/">Mark Wasson</a></em>).</li>  <li>Investigate 'why' and 'how' voter fraud happens, even if it's rare. Profile the handful of people who've been caught. (<em>Idea from community-member <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/user/mark-wasson/">Mark Wasson</a></em>).</li>
<li>Focus on the difference between voter registration fraud and actual voter fraud. Perhaps compare it to the UK and other countries. (<em>Idea from community-member<a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/user/jonathan-cardy/"> Jonathon Cardy</a>)</em>.</li>  <li>Focus on the difference between voter registration fraud and actual voter fraud. Perhaps compare it to the UK and other countries. (<em>Idea from community-member<a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/user/jonathan-cardy/"> Jonathon Cardy</a>)</em>.</li>
<li>Election law, and possible fraud, in other countries.</li>  <li>Election law, and possible fraud, in other countries.</li>
</ul> </ul>
<em>This is a story under construction. Help WikiTribune cover voter fraud in the U.S by using <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2017/12/21/drugs-2/take-part-uruguays-ongoing-legalization-of-cannabis/30430/#talk">TALK</a> or <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/wp-admin/post.php?post=30430&amp;action=edit">EDIT.</a></em> <em>What is missing from coverage on this topic? </em> <em>This is a story under construction. Help WikiTribune cover voter fraud in the U.S by using <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2017/12/21/drugs-2/take-part-uruguays-ongoing-legalization-of-cannabis/30430/#talk">TALK</a> or <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/wp-admin/post.php?post=30430&amp;action=edit">EDIT.</a></em> <em>What is missing from coverage on this topic? </em>
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