Title Title
18304243493_26ec9ecd56_z Khartoum Process works to stem migration from Horn of Africa
Summary Summary
  EU and countries in the Horn of Africa try to combat migration but there's mixed results
Highlights Highlights
Content Content
  <strong> Illegal or informal immigration to Europe from Africa is a serious issue for both sides and seen by many in Europe as a  threat to domestic stability given the populist concern at immigration.</strong>
  <span style="font-weight: 400;">The European Union has made an attempt to deal with the problem or the issues that promote illegal and informal immigration - particularly economic migration from the Horn of Africa, with the so-called Khartoum Process. It's intended to look at the roots of immigration and to deal with the associated questions of human trafficking and smuggling of migrants.</span>
  <span style="font-weight: 400;">It’s officially seen as successful but it has also been strongly criticized.</span>
  [caption id="attachment_33041" align="aligncenter" width="620"]<img class="size-medium wp-image-33041" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2018/01/18304243493_26ec9ecd56_z-620x413.jpg" alt="" width="620" height="413" /> Irish Defence Force vessel Eithne recusing African migrants during her 2015 deployment to the Mediterranean. Photo: Irish Defence Force[/caption]
  <span style="font-weight: 400;">The official website of the </span><a href="https://www.khartoumprocess.net/about/the-khartoum-process"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Khartoum process </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">describes it as a “political cooperation amongst the countries along the migration route between the Horn of Africa and Europe.” It focuses on the Horn of Africa route to Europe, hence the name Khartoum, from the capital of Sudan.  The project is funded by the European Union and implemented by the International Center for Migration Policy Development (</span><a href="https://www.icmpd.org/home/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">ICMPD</span></a>). A<span style="font-weight: 400;"> look to the </span><a href="https://www.khartoumprocess.net/about/milestones"><span style="font-weight: 400;">milestones suggests the organization sees progress </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> since 2016, during which many </span><a href="https://www.khartoumprocess.net/operations-head/regional-initiatives"><span style="font-weight: 400;">initiatives have been launched.</span></a>
  <span style="font-weight: 400;">Some academics take a different view of the success or failure of the initiative. For example, Maximilian Stern of the Rome-based African Affairs Institute (Istituto Affari Internazionali IAI) </span><a href="http://www.iai.it/en/pubblicazioni/khartoum-process-critical-assessment-and-policy-recommendations"><span style="font-weight: 400;">has published a study </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">in which he pointed out to the internal dilemma of having some of the countries involved in the process whose people make up the bulk of would-be immigrants, which also benefit from having citizens in the EU.</span>
  <a href="https://twitter.com/Amjedfarid"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Amjed Farid</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> a well known Sudanese political activist described the Khartoum process as </span><a href="http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article63930"><span style="font-weight: 400;">“wrong on so many levels” </span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">and </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">that it has been designed to “manage and decrease what have become (the) unwelcome 'burden' of humanitarian refugees to Europe.” </span>
  <span style="font-weight: 400;">In his article Farid explained why some of oppressive regimes such as the one in Khartoum itself are the cause of the crisis with the regime being a key driver for immigrants to take the risks involved in attempting to get to Europe.</span>
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Categories Categories
  Africa, Diplomacy, Europe, European Union, Immigration, Sudan, Immigration
Article type Article type
Tags Tags
  Africa, EU, Khartoum
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