• Revision ID 26744 REVISION
  • 2017-12-07 10:46:38
  • by Peter Bale (talk | contribs)
  • Note: Making clearer the Schumer and Sanders positions
 
   
Title Title
U.S. recognizes Jerusalem as capital of Israel U.S. recognizes Jerusalem as capital of Israel
Summary Summary
  President Trump breaks with nearly 50 years of U.S. precedent; world leaders concerned over regional stability
Highlights Highlights
  Trump says he's fulfilling an election pledge , Netanyahu hails recognition of 'historical and national identity' , Palestinian leader warns of 'dangerous consequences'
Content Content
<strong>President Donald Trump rejected pleas from Pope Francis and world leaders in reversing 70 years of American foreign policy by recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, saying it was the reality on the ground and should not prevent a "deal" between Israel and Palestinians.</strong> <strong>President Donald Trump rejected pleas from Pope Francis and world leaders in reversing 70 years of American foreign policy by recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, saying it was the reality on the ground and should not prevent a "deal" between Israel and Palestinians.</strong>
“I have determined that it is time to officially recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel,” Trump said <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/12/06/statement-president-trump-jerusalem">in a speech from the White House</a>. “While previous presidents have made this a major campaign promise, they failed to deliver. Today, I am delivering.” (The <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/12/06/statement-president-trump-jerusalem">official statement</a> is here from the White House.) “I have determined that it is time to officially recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel,” Trump said <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/12/06/statement-president-trump-jerusalem">in a speech from the White House</a>. “While previous presidents have made this a major campaign promise, they failed to deliver. Today, I am delivering.” (The <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/12/06/statement-president-trump-jerusalem">official statement</a> is here from the White House.)
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu described the decision as a "historic landmark." Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu described the decision as a "historic landmark."
[caption id="attachment_26584" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<img class="size-large wp-image-26584" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2017/12/2017-12-06T170915Z_629282853_RC121F35F600_RTRMADP_3_USA-TRUMP-ISRAEL-1024x683.jpg" alt="An Israeli national flag and an American one are projected on a part of the walls surrounding Jerusalem's Old City December 6, 2017. REUTERS/Ronen Zvulun" width="1024" height="683" /> An Israeli national flag and an American one are projected on a part of the walls surrounding Jerusalem's Old City December 6, 2017. REUTERS/Ronen Zvulun[/caption] [caption id="attachment_26584" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<img class="size-large wp-image-26584" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2017/12/2017-12-06T170915Z_629282853_RC121F35F600_RTRMADP_3_USA-TRUMP-ISRAEL-1024x683.jpg" alt="An Israeli national flag and an American one are projected on a part of the walls surrounding Jerusalem's Old City December 6, 2017. REUTERS/Ronen Zvulun" width="1024" height="683" /> An Israeli national flag and an American one are projected on a part of the walls surrounding Jerusalem's Old City December 6, 2017. REUTERS/Ronen Zvulun[/caption]
Saudi Arabia, which Trump has hailed as a key diplomatic partner in the Middle East, described the recognition as "irresponsible and unwarranted". Saudi Arabia, which Trump has hailed as a key diplomatic partner in the Middle East, described the recognition as "irresponsible and unwarranted".
In an <a href="http://www.arabnews.com/node/1205106/saudi-arabia">official statement from the Saudi royal court</a> <em>(Arabnews.com)</em>-- whose members have particular importance in Sunni Islam as the defacto leaders of the sect -- said: "The Kingdom expresses its denunciation and deep regret that the (Trump) administration has taken this step, as it represents a great bias against the historic and permanent rights of the Palestinian people in Jerusalem, which have been affirmed by the relevant international resolutions and have been recognized and supported by the international community." In an <a href="http://www.arabnews.com/node/1205106/saudi-arabia">official statement from the Saudi royal court</a> <em>(Arabnews.com)</em>-- whose members have particular importance in Sunni Islam as the defacto leaders of the sect -- said: "The Kingdom expresses its denunciation and deep regret that the (Trump) administration has taken this step, as it represents a great bias against the historic and permanent rights of the Palestinian people in Jerusalem, which have been affirmed by the relevant international resolutions and have been recognized and supported by the international community."
<h2>Pope and others warn of risks</h2> <h2>Pope and others warn of risks</h2>
Earlier, the Pope joined a chorus of leaders from the Middle East and around the world urging Trump not to go ahead with the recognition, which is deeply opposed by Arabs, Muslims and others. <span style="font-family: inherit; font-size: 1.6rem;">Palestine also claims the city as its capital.</span> Earlier, the Pope joined a chorus of leaders from the Middle East and around the world urging Trump not to go ahead with the recognition, which is deeply opposed by Arabs, Muslims and others. <span style="font-family: inherit; font-size: 1.6rem;">Palestine also claims the city as its capital.</span>
<a href="https://www.apnews.com/76a082815a5a4394a295ab651a04f588/Trump-forges-ahead-on-Jerusalem-as-capital-despite-warnings">Trump told Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on December 5 that the U.S. would make the recognition.</a> It is expected that the U.S. will eventually move its embassy from Tel Aviv to the historic city that is sacred to all three of the Abrahamic faiths. <a href="https://www.apnews.com/76a082815a5a4394a295ab651a04f588/Trump-forges-ahead-on-Jerusalem-as-capital-despite-warnings">Trump told Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on December 5 that the U.S. would make the recognition.</a> It is expected that the U.S. will eventually move its embassy from Tel Aviv to the historic city that is sacred to all three of the Abrahamic faiths.
"This is nothing more or less than a recognition of reality. It is also the right thing to do. It's something that has to be done," Trump told a White House event with Vice President Mike Pence, a Christian seen by some Muslim leaders a force behind the change. "This is nothing more or less than a recognition of reality. It is also the right thing to do. It's something that has to be done," Trump told a White House event with Vice President Mike Pence, a Christian seen by some Muslim leaders a force behind the change.
"This decision is not intended in any way to reflect a departure from our strong commitment to facilitate a lasting peace agreement," Trump said, according to a <a href="https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2017/12/06/trump-says-jerusalem-embassy-move-long-overdue/926716001/">comprehensive <em>USA Today</em> report</a> on the statement. "This decision is not intended in any way to reflect a departure from our strong commitment to facilitate a lasting peace agreement," Trump said, according to a <a href="https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2017/12/06/trump-says-jerusalem-embassy-move-long-overdue/926716001/">comprehensive <em>USA Today</em> report</a> on the statement.
No timetable was provided as to when the U.S. embassy will be moved, and media reports said it would likely take at least another six months. No timetable was provided as to when the U.S. embassy will be moved, and media reports said it would likely take at least another six months.
<h2>Why it matters so much</h2> <h2>Why it matters so much</h2>
Here's why recognition is such an explosive issue: Here's why recognition is such an explosive issue:
<ul> <ul>
<li>Both Israel and <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Palestine">Palestine</a> lay claim on Jerusalem as it has a critical role in Judaism and Islam. Palestine claims East Jerusalem and Israel considers the entire city to be sovereign Israeli territory, and administers the city and maintains its primary government institutions. The international community considers East Jerusalem to be part of the occupied Palestinian territories, though <a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-41750916">an additional 176 Israeli homes</a> were constructed in the east in October 2017.</li>  <li>Both Israel and <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Palestine">Palestine</a> lay claim on Jerusalem as it has a critical role in Judaism and Islam. Palestine claims East Jerusalem and Israel considers the entire city to be sovereign Israeli territory, and administers the city and maintains its primary government institutions. The international community considers East Jerusalem to be part of the occupied Palestinian territories, though <a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-41750916">an additional 176 Israeli homes</a> were constructed in the east in October 2017.</li>
<li>The U.S. has a key role in Palestinian-Israeli relations. <a href="https://www.pbs.org/newshour/politics/middle_east-jan-june06-us_05-11">PBS outlines</a> the history of U.S. involvement in mediating between Israel and Palestine, despite <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-palestinians-unesco-usa-funding/u-s-stops-unesco-funding-over-palestinian-vote-idUSTRE79U5ED20111031">never officially recognizing Palestine</a> as a sovereign nation. By recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, Abbas and Palestinian government see the U.S. signaling <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinian/kiss-of-death-to-two-state-solution-if-jerusalem-declared-israel-capital-plo-envoy-idUSKBN1DY2UB">an end to prospects of a two-state settlement</a>.  <li>The U.S. has a key role in Palestinian-Israeli relations. <a href="https://www.pbs.org/newshour/politics/middle_east-jan-june06-us_05-11">PBS outlines</a> the history of U.S. involvement in mediating between Israel and Palestine, despite <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-palestinians-unesco-usa-funding/u-s-stops-unesco-funding-over-palestinian-vote-idUSTRE79U5ED20111031">never officially recognizing Palestine</a> as a sovereign nation. By recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, Abbas and Palestinian government see the U.S. signaling <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinian/kiss-of-death-to-two-state-solution-if-jerusalem-declared-israel-capital-plo-envoy-idUSKBN1DY2UB">an end to prospects of a two-state settlement</a>.
<ul> <ul>
<li>Trump alluded to <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinians-analysi-idUSKBN15V2GE">a "one-state" solution</a> while meeting with Netanyahu in February, breaking with long-held U.S. policy.</li>  <li>Trump alluded to <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinians-analysi-idUSKBN15V2GE">a "one-state" solution</a> while meeting with Netanyahu in February, breaking with long-held U.S. policy.</li>
</ul> </ul>
</li> </li>
</ul> </ul>
<h2>Here's how leaders around the world are reacting:</h2> <h2>Here's how leaders around the world are reacting:</h2>
<ul> <ul>
<li>Recognizing Jerusalem as the "eternal capital" of Israel<a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-election-trump-netanyahu/trump-tells-netanyahu-he-would-recognize-jerusalem-as-israels-capital-idUSKCN11V0Q6"> fulfills a campaign promise Trump made</a> during the 2016 presidential election. International leaders criticize the decision as a threat to the stalled ambitions for a two-state solution to the rival claims.  <li>Recognizing Jerusalem as the "eternal capital" of Israel<a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-election-trump-netanyahu/trump-tells-netanyahu-he-would-recognize-jerusalem-as-israels-capital-idUSKCN11V0Q6"> fulfills a campaign promise Trump made</a> during the 2016 presidential election. International leaders criticize the decision as a threat to the stalled ambitions for a two-state solution to the rival claims.
<ul> <ul>
<li>Pope Francis met privately with a group of Palestinians involved in multi-faith talks and then <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-trump-israel-pope/respect-status-quo-of-jerusalem-says-pope-in-response-to-trump-move-idUKKBN1E00UY">publicly urged</a> that the "status quo" on recognizing Jerusalem be respected: “I cannot keep quiet about my deep worry about the situation that has been created in the last few days.”</li>  <li>Pope Francis met privately with a group of Palestinians involved in multi-faith talks and then <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-trump-israel-pope/respect-status-quo-of-jerusalem-says-pope-in-response-to-trump-move-idUKKBN1E00UY">publicly urged</a> that the "status quo" on recognizing Jerusalem be respected: “I cannot keep quiet about my deep worry about the situation that has been created in the last few days.”</li>
<li>French President Emmanuel Macron <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel/trump-tells-mideast-leaders-he-will-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-breaking-with-u-s-policy-idUSKBN1DZ04V?feedType=RSS&amp;feedName=topNews">called Trump </a> to express concern.</li>  <li>French President Emmanuel Macron <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel/trump-tells-mideast-leaders-he-will-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-breaking-with-u-s-policy-idUSKBN1DZ04V?feedType=RSS&amp;feedName=topNews">called Trump </a> to express concern.</li>
<li><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-jerusalem-jordan/jordans-king-warns-trump-over-moving-u-s-embassy-to-jerusalem-palace-idUSKBN1DZ2L7?il=0">King Abdullah II (corrected from III) of Jordan said</a> Jerusalem was "the key to achieving peace and stability in the region and the world," and that the move would have "dangerous repercussions for the stability and security of the region.”</li>  <li><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-jerusalem-jordan/jordans-king-warns-trump-over-moving-u-s-embassy-to-jerusalem-palace-idUSKBN1DZ2L7?il=0">King Abdullah II (corrected from III) of Jordan said</a> Jerusalem was "the key to achieving peace and stability in the region and the world," and that the move would have "dangerous repercussions for the stability and security of the region.”</li>
<li>Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/09/21/remarks-president-trump-and-president-al-sisi-egypt-bilateral-meeting">a close ally of the Trump administration</a>, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-jerusalem-egypt/sisi-cautions-trump-against-complicating-matters-in-middle-east-egyptian-presidency-idUSKBN1DZ2MF">also warned against</a> “taking measures that would undermine the chances of peace in the Middle East.”</li>  <li>Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/09/21/remarks-president-trump-and-president-al-sisi-egypt-bilateral-meeting">a close ally of the Trump administration</a>, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-jerusalem-egypt/sisi-cautions-trump-against-complicating-matters-in-middle-east-egyptian-presidency-idUSKBN1DZ2MF">also warned against</a> “taking measures that would undermine the chances of peace in the Middle East.”</li>
<li>China said Trump's step <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-trump-israel-china/china-says-trump-plan-to-move-embassy-in-israel-could-spark-new-hostility-idUKKBN1E0157">"could sharpen regional conflict"</a>.</li>  <li>China said Trump's step <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-trump-israel-china/china-says-trump-plan-to-move-embassy-in-israel-could-spark-new-hostility-idUKKBN1E0157">"could sharpen regional conflict"</a>.</li>
</ul> </ul>
</li> </li>
</ul> </ul>
<h2>Here's how leaders in Palestine are reacting:</h2> <h2>Here's how leaders in Palestine are reacting:</h2>
<ul> <ul>
<li>Palestinian President Abbas warned of "dangerous consequences" such a decision would have to the peace process, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinians/trump-tells-abbas-intends-to-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-abbas-spokesman-idUSKBN1DZ24L">Reuters reported</a>.</li>  <li>Palestinian President Abbas warned of "dangerous consequences" such a decision would have to the peace process, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinians/trump-tells-abbas-intends-to-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-abbas-spokesman-idUSKBN1DZ24L">Reuters reported</a>.</li>
<li><a href="http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/jerusalem-latest-hamas-trump-gates-of-hell-day-of-rage-news-updates-response-a8095841.html"><em>A British online newspaper, The</em> Independent</a> reported that a Hamas spokesperson announced that Trump had opened "the gates of hell" by recognizing Jerusalem as the Israeli capital, given the Palestinian claim.</li>  <li><a href="http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/jerusalem-latest-hamas-trump-gates-of-hell-day-of-rage-news-updates-response-a8095841.html"><em>A British online newspaper, The</em> Independent</a> reported that a Hamas spokesperson announced that Trump had opened "the gates of hell" by recognizing Jerusalem as the Israeli capital, given the Palestinian claim.</li>
</ul> </ul>
<h2>Here's how leaders in Israel are reacting:</h2> <h2>Here's how leaders in Israel are reacting:</h2>
<ul> <ul>
<li>On a Facebook Live video, Israel's Netanyahu said Israel’s “historical and national identity is receiving important expressions every day, but especially today,” according to Israeli news site <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.827146"><em>Haaretz</em></a>.</li>  <li>On a Facebook Live video, Israel's Netanyahu said Israel’s “historical and national identity is receiving important expressions every day, but especially today,” according to Israeli news site <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.827146"><em>Haaretz</em></a>.</li>
<li>The <a href="http://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Israeli-politicians-react-to-Trumps-immiment-embassy-decision-517097"><em>Jerusalem Post</em> reported</a> that members of Netanyahu's Likud party have voiced strong support for the Trump administration's decision.</li>  <li>The <a href="http://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Israeli-politicians-react-to-Trumps-immiment-embassy-decision-517097"><em>Jerusalem Post</em> reported</a> that members of Netanyahu's Likud party have voiced strong support for the Trump administration's decision.</li>
</ul> </ul>
<h2>Here's how leaders in the U.S. are reacting:</h2> <h2>Here's how leaders in the U.S. are reacting:</h2>
<ul> <ul>
<li>The recognition of Jerusalem is an issue that enjoys bipartisan support in the United States. On June 5, the Senate <a href="https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/senate-resolution/176/text">voted 90-0 to pass a resolution </a>that stated Jerusalem "should remain the undivided capital of Israel in which the rights of every ethnic and religious group are protected." Ten abstained from the vote.   <li>The recognition of Jerusalem is an issue that has had bipartisan support in the United States. On June 5, the Senate <a href="https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/senate-resolution/176/text">voted 90-0 to pass a resolution </a>-- seen as largely symbolic because no President has ever acted upon the call -- that stated Jerusalem "should remain the undivided capital of Israel in which the rights of every ethnic and religious group are protected." Ten abstained from the vote.
<ul> <ul>
<li>The resolution upheld <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_Embassy_Act">the Jerusalem Act of 1995</a>, which passed by a <a href="https://www.congress.gov/104/plaws/publ45/PLAW-104publ45.pdf">93-5</a> margin in the Senate, and by<a href="http://clerk.house.gov/evs/1995/roll734.xml"> 374-37</a> in the House of Representatives, that states Jerusalem has been the capital of the State of Israel since 1950.</li>  <li>The resolution upheld <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_Embassy_Act">the Jerusalem Act of 1995</a>, which passed by a <a href="https://www.congress.gov/104/plaws/publ45/PLAW-104publ45.pdf">93-5</a> margin in the Senate, and by<a href="http://clerk.house.gov/evs/1995/roll734.xml"> 374-37</a> in the House of Representatives, that states Jerusalem has been the capital of the State of Israel since 1950.</li>
<li>Every U.S. president since 1995, until now, has withheld implementation of the legislation in order to preserve the peace-process.</li>   <li>Every U.S. president since 1995, until now, has withheld implementation of the legislation in order to preserve the peace process.</li>
</ul> </ul>
</li> </li>
<li>U.S. Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer, a Democrat, supported Trump's move according to <a href="http://www.weeklystandard.com/democrats-divided-ahead-of-trumps-expected-recognition-of-jerusalem-as-israels-capital/article/2010726">The Weekly Standard</a>, a conservative publication. He even criticized Trump for not recognizing Jerusalem earlier, according to an email sent to the <a href="https://www.jta.org/2017/10/10/news-opinion/politics/schumer-renews-call-for-embassy-move-after-trump-says-give-peace-bid-a-chance">Jewish Telegraphic Agency.</a></li>   <li>U.S. Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer, a Democrat representing New York who has been <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Schumer#Personal_life">stridently pro-Israel</a> in his views and decisions, supported Trump's move according to <a href="http://www.weeklystandard.com/democrats-divided-ahead-of-trumps-expected-recognition-of-jerusalem-as-israels-capital/article/2010726">The Weekly Standard</a>, a conservative publication. He even criticized Trump for not recognizing Jerusalem earlier, according to an email sent to the <a href="https://www.jta.org/2017/10/10/news-opinion/politics/schumer-renews-call-for-embassy-move-after-trump-says-give-peace-bid-a-chance">Jewish Telegraphic Agency.</a></li>
<li>Republican Senator Ted Cruz also offered strong support for the White House decision. <a href="https://www.cruz.senate.gov/?p=press_release&amp;id=3530">In an official statement</a>, he said, “I encourage countries around the world to now engage in their own moment of historical moral clarity, to follow America's lead in recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital."</li>  <li>Republican Senator Ted Cruz also offered strong support for the White House decision. <a href="https://www.cruz.senate.gov/?p=press_release&amp;id=3530">In an official statement</a>, he said, “I encourage countries around the world to now engage in their own moment of historical moral clarity, to follow America's lead in recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital."</li>
<li>Senator Bernie Sanders, an independent and self-declared socialist, criticized the White House decision <a href="https://twitter.com/SenSanders/status/938177733355503621">in a tweet </a>saying it would undermine the prospects for an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement and perhaps irreparably damage "our ability to broker it."   <li>Senator Bernie Sanders, Hillary Clinton's rival for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination,  criticized the White House decision <a href="https://twitter.com/SenSanders/status/938177733355503621">in a tweet </a>saying it would undermine the prospects for an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement and perhaps irreparably damage "our ability to broker it."
<ul> <ul>
<li><a href="https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/senate-resolution/176/text">In June, Sanders had voted in favor</a> of a resolution that included the recognition of Jerusalem as the undivided capital of Israel.</li>   <li><a href="https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/senate-resolution/176/text">In June, Sanders had voted in favor</a> of a resolution that included the recognition of Jerusalem as the undivided capital of Israel. (See <a href="https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2017/12/07/united_states/key-democratic-figures-shift-positions-on-jerusalem-when-decision-is-real/26662/">specific story</a> on Sanders' record on that vote.)</li>
</ul> </ul>
</li> </li>
</ul> </ul>
<h2>What commentators are saying</h2> <h2>What commentators are saying</h2>
<ul> <ul>
<li>Palestinian commentator <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/profile/daoud-kuttab.html">Daoud Kuttab</a> <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/trump-dangerous-jerusalem-gambit-171205193603932.html">said in a column</a> on Qatar-owned <em>Al-Jazeera</em> that the U.S. move was a dramatic and dangerous switch in policy that reflected the influence of Trump's son-in-law Jared Kushner, who is Jewish, and Vice President Pence, whom he described as a "Christian Zionist".</li>  <li>Palestinian commentator <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/profile/daoud-kuttab.html">Daoud Kuttab</a> <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/trump-dangerous-jerusalem-gambit-171205193603932.html">said in a column</a> on Qatar-owned <em>Al-Jazeera</em> that the U.S. move was a dramatic and dangerous switch in policy that reflected the influence of Trump's son-in-law Jared Kushner, who is Jewish, and Vice President Pence, whom he described as a "Christian Zionist".</li>
<li><a href="https://www.cnbc.com/jake-novak/">Jake Novak</a>, a columnist for CNBC, cut across the prevailing view of the riskiness of recognizing Jerusalem and wrote that the prospect of increased violence from Palestinians in the wake of the U.S. decision is overblown and that it <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2017/12/05/trump-would-speed-peace-with-jerusalem-move-commentary.html">could in fact make peace more likely</a>.</li>  <li><a href="https://www.cnbc.com/jake-novak/">Jake Novak</a>, a columnist for CNBC, cut across the prevailing view of the riskiness of recognizing Jerusalem and wrote that the prospect of increased violence from Palestinians in the wake of the U.S. decision is overblown and that it <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2017/12/05/trump-would-speed-peace-with-jerusalem-move-commentary.html">could in fact make peace more likely</a>.</li>
<li><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/column/shmuel-rosner?action=click&amp;contentCollection=Opinion&amp;module=ExtendedByline&amp;region=Header&amp;pgtype=article">Shmuel Rosner</a>, political editor of <em>The Jewish Journal</em>, wrote in an opinion piece in <em>The New York Times</em> that the decision <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/05/opinion/jerusalem-capital-israel-trump.html?rref=collection%2Fcolumn%2Fshmuel-rosner&amp;action=click&amp;contentCollection=opinion&amp;region=stream&amp;module=stream_unit&amp;version=latest&amp;contentPlacement=1&amp;pgtype=collection">recognized the reality on the ground</a> and several thousand years of history.</li>  <li><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/column/shmuel-rosner?action=click&amp;contentCollection=Opinion&amp;module=ExtendedByline&amp;region=Header&amp;pgtype=article">Shmuel Rosner</a>, political editor of <em>The Jewish Journal</em>, wrote in an opinion piece in <em>The New York Times</em> that the decision <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/05/opinion/jerusalem-capital-israel-trump.html?rref=collection%2Fcolumn%2Fshmuel-rosner&amp;action=click&amp;contentCollection=opinion&amp;region=stream&amp;module=stream_unit&amp;version=latest&amp;contentPlacement=1&amp;pgtype=collection">recognized the reality on the ground</a> and several thousand years of history.</li>
<li>At the liberal Israeli newspaper site <em>Haaretz</em>, columnist <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/misc/writers/bradley-burston-1.335">Bradley Burston</a> wrote that the <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.826988">recognition was a dangerous political trap</a> for Netanyahu.</li>  <li>At the liberal Israeli newspaper site <em>Haaretz</em>, columnist <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/misc/writers/bradley-burston-1.335">Bradley Burston</a> wrote that the <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.826988">recognition was a dangerous political trap</a> for Netanyahu.</li>
</ul> </ul>
<h2>More reading on Jerusalem</h2> <h2>More reading on Jerusalem</h2>
<ul> <ul>
<li>Anglo-American historian and noted adviser to neoconservatives, <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Lewis">Bernard Lewis</a>, published <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/What_Went_Wrong%3F"><em>What Went Wrong: Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response</em></a> in 2002. It was abridged in <em>The Atlantic</em> <a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2002/01/what-went-wrong/302387/">here</a>.</li>  <li>Anglo-American historian and noted adviser to neoconservatives, <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Lewis">Bernard Lewis</a>, published <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/What_Went_Wrong%3F"><em>What Went Wrong: Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response</em></a> in 2002. It was abridged in <em>The Atlantic</em> <a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2002/01/what-went-wrong/302387/">here</a>.</li>
<li>Palestinian intellectual <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Said">Edward Said</a> wrote his influential <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orientalism_(book)"><em>Orientalism</em> </a> in 1978, arguing that colonial powers dictated the way the Middle East is portrayed in a patronising and romantic way.</li>  <li>Palestinian intellectual <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Said">Edward Said</a> wrote his influential <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orientalism_(book)"><em>Orientalism</em> </a> in 1978, arguing that colonial powers dictated the way the Middle East is portrayed in a patronising and romantic way.</li>
<li>Pakistan-born British author Ziauddin Sardar explores the importance of Jerusalem and one of the three holiest sites in Islam in his 2014 book <a href="https://www.bloomsbury.com/us/mecca-9781620402689/"><em>Mecca: The Sacred City</em></a>.</li>  <li>Pakistan-born British author Ziauddin Sardar explores the importance of Jerusalem and one of the three holiest sites in Islam in his 2014 book <a href="https://www.bloomsbury.com/us/mecca-9781620402689/"><em>Mecca: The Sacred City</em></a>.</li>
<li>British historian and scion of a legendary Jewish family, Simon Sebag Montefiore, published a sumptuous "biography" of the city: <a href="http://www.simonsebagmontefiore.com/jerusalemthebiography.aspx"><em>Jerusalem</em></a>.</li>  <li>British historian and scion of a legendary Jewish family, Simon Sebag Montefiore, published a sumptuous "biography" of the city: <a href="http://www.simonsebagmontefiore.com/jerusalemthebiography.aspx"><em>Jerusalem</em></a>.</li>
</ul> </ul>
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