• Revision ID 26668 REVISION
  • 2017-12-07 02:53:26
  • by Jodie DeJonge (talk | contribs)
  • Note: accepts revision on speech link
 
   
Title Title
U.S. recognizes Jerusalem as capital of Israel U.S. recognizes Jerusalem as capital of Israel
Summary Summary
President Trump breaks with nearly 50 years of U.S. precedent; world leaders concerned over regional stability President Trump breaks with nearly 50 years of U.S. precedent; world leaders concerned over regional stability
Highlights Highlights
Trump says he's fulfilling an election pledge , Netanyahu hails recognition of 'historical and national identity' , Palestinian leader warns of 'dangerous consequences' Trump says he's fulfilling an election pledge , Netanyahu hails recognition of 'historical and national identity' , Palestinian leader warns of 'dangerous consequences'
Content Content
<strong>Donald Trump rejected pleas from the Pope and world leaders and reversed 70 years of American foreign policy by recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, saying it was the reality on the ground and should not prevent a "deal" between Israel and Palestinians.</strong> <strong>Donald Trump rejected pleas from the Pope and world leaders and reversed 70 years of American foreign policy by recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, saying it was the reality on the ground and should not prevent a "deal" between Israel and Palestinians.</strong>
“I have determined that it is time to officially recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel,” Trump said <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/12/06/statement-president-trump-jerusalem">in a speech from the White House</a>. “While previous presidents have made this a major campaign promise, they failed to deliver. Today, I am delivering.” “I have determined that it is time to officially recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel,” Trump said <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/12/06/statement-president-trump-jerusalem">in a speech from the White House</a>. “While previous presidents have made this a major campaign promise, they failed to deliver. Today, I am delivering.”
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called it a "historic landmark". Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called it a "historic landmark".
Earlier, Pope Francis joined a chorus of leaders from the Middle East and around the world to urge Trump not to go ahead recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Earlier, Pope Francis joined a chorus of leaders from the Middle East and around the world to urge Trump not to go ahead recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
<a href="https://www.apnews.com/76a082815a5a4394a295ab651a04f588/Trump-forges-ahead-on-Jerusalem-as-capital-despite-warnings">Trump told Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on December 5 that the U.S. would recognize Jerusalem</a> as the capital of Israel, despite deep opposition from Arabs, Muslims and others. It is expected that the U.S. will eventually move its embassy from Tel Aviv to the historic city that Palestinians also claim and which is sacred to all three of the Abrahamic faiths. <a href="https://www.apnews.com/76a082815a5a4394a295ab651a04f588/Trump-forges-ahead-on-Jerusalem-as-capital-despite-warnings">Trump told Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on December 5 that the U.S. would recognize Jerusalem</a> as the capital of Israel, despite deep opposition from Arabs, Muslims and others. It is expected that the U.S. will eventually move its embassy from Tel Aviv to the historic city that Palestinians also claim and which is sacred to all three of the Abrahamic faiths.
[caption id="attachment_26577" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<img class="size-large wp-image-26577" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2017/12/2017-12-06T134254Z_948407763_RC16009C2100_RTRMADP_3_USA-TRUMP-ISRAEL-1024x709.jpg" alt="Palestinians burn posters depicting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and U.S. President Donald Trump during a protest against the U.S. intention to move its embassy to Jerusalem and to recognize the city of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip December 6, 2017. REUTERS/Ibraheem Abu Mustafa" width="1024" height="709" /> Palestinians burn posters depicting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and U.S. President Donald Trump during a protest against the U.S. intention to move its embassy to Jerusalem and to recognize the city of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip December 6, 2017. REUTERS/Ibraheem Abu Mustafa[/caption] [caption id="attachment_26577" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<img class="size-large wp-image-26577" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2017/12/2017-12-06T134254Z_948407763_RC16009C2100_RTRMADP_3_USA-TRUMP-ISRAEL-1024x709.jpg" alt="Palestinians burn posters depicting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and U.S. President Donald Trump during a protest against the U.S. intention to move its embassy to Jerusalem and to recognize the city of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip December 6, 2017. REUTERS/Ibraheem Abu Mustafa" width="1024" height="709" /> Palestinians burn posters depicting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and U.S. President Donald Trump during a protest against the U.S. intention to move its embassy to Jerusalem and to recognize the city of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip December 6, 2017. REUTERS/Ibraheem Abu Mustafa[/caption]
"This is nothing more or less than a recognition of reality. It is also the right thing to do. It's something that has to be done," Trump told a White House event with Vice President Mike Pence -- a Christian seen by some Muslim leaders a force behind the change. "This is nothing more or less than a recognition of reality. It is also the right thing to do. It's something that has to be done," Trump told a White House event with Vice President Mike Pence -- a Christian seen by some Muslim leaders a force behind the change.
"This decision is not intended in any way to reflect a departure from our strong commitment to facilitate a lasting peace agreement," Trump said, according to a <a href="https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2017/12/06/trump-says-jerusalem-embassy-move-long-overdue/926716001/">comprehensive <em>USA Today</em> report</a> on the statement. "This decision is not intended in any way to reflect a departure from our strong commitment to facilitate a lasting peace agreement," Trump said, according to a <a href="https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2017/12/06/trump-says-jerusalem-embassy-move-long-overdue/926716001/">comprehensive <em>USA Today</em> report</a> on the statement.
No timetable was provided as to when the U.S. embassy will be moved, and media reports said it would likely take at least another six months, although Jerusalem will be recognized immediately, <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/01/us/politics/trump-embassy-israel-jerusalem.html">according to <em>The New York Times</em></a>.  
Here's why recognition is such an explosive issue:  Here's where the story stands and why recognition is such an explosive issue:
<ul>  
<li>Both Israel and <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Palestine">Palestine</a> lay claim on Jerusalem as it has a critical role in Judaism and Islam, and both consider the city to be their capital. Palestine claims East Jerusalem and Israel considers the entire city to be sovereign Israeli territory, and administers the city and maintains its primary government institutions there. The international community considers East Jerusalem to be part of the occupied Palestinian territories, though <a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-41750916">an additional 176 Israeli homes</a> were constructed in the east in October 2017.</li>  
<li>The U.S. has a key role in Palestinian-Israeli relations. <a href="https://www.pbs.org/newshour/politics/middle_east-jan-june06-us_05-11">PBS outlines</a> the history of U.S. involvement in mediating between Israel and Palestine, despite <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-palestinians-unesco-usa-funding/u-s-stops-unesco-funding-over-palestinian-vote-idUSTRE79U5ED20111031">never officially recognizing Palestine</a> as a sovereign nation. By recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, Abbas and Palestinian government see the U.S. signaling <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinian/kiss-of-death-to-two-state-solution-if-jerusalem-declared-israel-capital-plo-envoy-idUSKBN1DY2UB">an end to prospects of a two-state settlement</a>.  
<ul>  
<li>Trump alluded to <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinians-analysi-idUSKBN15V2GE">a "one-state" solution</a> while meeting with Israel Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in February, breaking with long-held U.S. policy.</li>  
</ul>  
</li>  
</ul>  
Here's how leaders around the world are reacting:  
<ul> <ul>
   <li>The Pope met privately with a group of Palestinians involved in multi-faith talks and then <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-trump-israel-pope/respect-status-quo-of-jerusalem-says-pope-in-response-to-trump-move-idUKKBN1E00UY">publicly urged</a> that the "status quo" on recognizing Jerusalem be respected: “I cannot keep quiet about my deep worry about the situation that has been created in the last few days.”</li>
   <li>On a Facebook Live video, Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israel’s “historical and national identity is receiving important expressions every day, but especially today,” according to Israeli news site <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.827146"><em>Haaretz</em></a>.</li>
   <li>China said Trump's step <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-trump-israel-china/china-says-trump-plan-to-move-embassy-in-israel-could-spark-new-hostility-idUKKBN1E0157">"could sharpen regional conflict"</a>.</li>
<li>Recognizing Jerusalem as the "eternal capital" of Israel<a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-election-trump-netanyahu/trump-tells-netanyahu-he-would-recognize-jerusalem-as-israels-capital-idUSKCN11V0Q6"> fulfills a campaign promise Trump made</a> during the 2016 presidential election. International leaders criticize the decision as a threat to the stalled ambitions for a two-state solution to the rival claims of Palestinians and the Jewish state.  <li>Recognizing Jerusalem as the "eternal capital" of Israel<a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-election-trump-netanyahu/trump-tells-netanyahu-he-would-recognize-jerusalem-as-israels-capital-idUSKCN11V0Q6"> fulfills a campaign promise Trump made</a> during the 2016 presidential election. International leaders criticize the decision as a threat to the stalled ambitions for a two-state solution to the rival claims of Palestinians and the Jewish state.
<ul> <ul>
<li>The Pope met privately with a group of Palestinians involved in multi-faith talks and then <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-trump-israel-pope/respect-status-quo-of-jerusalem-says-pope-in-response-to-trump-move-idUKKBN1E00UY">publicly urged</a> that the "status quo" on recognizing Jerusalem be respected: “I cannot keep quiet about my deep worry about the situation that has been created in the last few days.”</li>  
<li>French President Emmanuel Macron <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel/trump-tells-mideast-leaders-he-will-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-breaking-with-u-s-policy-idUSKBN1DZ04V?feedType=RSS&amp;feedName=topNews">called Trump </a> to express concern.</li>  <li>French President Emmanuel Macron <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel/trump-tells-mideast-leaders-he-will-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-breaking-with-u-s-policy-idUSKBN1DZ04V?feedType=RSS&amp;feedName=topNews">called Trump </a> to express concern.</li>
   <li>Abbas warned of "dangerous consequences" such a decision would have to the peace process, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinians/trump-tells-abbas-intends-to-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-abbas-spokesman-idUSKBN1DZ24L">Reuters reported</a>.</li>
<li><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-jerusalem-jordan/jordans-king-warns-trump-over-moving-u-s-embassy-to-jerusalem-palace-idUSKBN1DZ2L7?il=0">King Abdullah II (corrected from III) of Jordan said</a> Jerusalem was "the key to achieving peace and stability in the region and the world," and that the move would have "dangerous repercussions for the stability and security of the region.”</li>  <li><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-jerusalem-jordan/jordans-king-warns-trump-over-moving-u-s-embassy-to-jerusalem-palace-idUSKBN1DZ2L7?il=0">King Abdullah II (corrected from III) of Jordan said</a> Jerusalem was "the key to achieving peace and stability in the region and the world," and that the move would have "dangerous repercussions for the stability and security of the region.”</li>
<li>Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/09/21/remarks-president-trump-and-president-al-sisi-egypt-bilateral-meeting">a close ally of the Trump administration</a>, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-jerusalem-egypt/sisi-cautions-trump-against-complicating-matters-in-middle-east-egyptian-presidency-idUSKBN1DZ2MF">also warned against</a> “taking measures that would undermine the chances of peace in the Middle East.”</li>  <li>Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/09/21/remarks-president-trump-and-president-al-sisi-egypt-bilateral-meeting">a close ally of the Trump administration</a>, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-jerusalem-egypt/sisi-cautions-trump-against-complicating-matters-in-middle-east-egyptian-presidency-idUSKBN1DZ2MF">also warned against</a> “taking measures that would undermine the chances of peace in the Middle East.”</li>
<li>China said Trump's step <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-trump-israel-china/china-says-trump-plan-to-move-embassy-in-israel-could-spark-new-hostility-idUKKBN1E0157">"could sharpen regional conflict"</a>.</li>  
</ul> </ul>
</li> </li>
</ul>  
Here's how leaders in Palestine are reacting:  <li>Both Israel and <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Palestine">Palestine</a> lay claim on Jerusalem as it has a critical role in Judaism and Islam, and both consider the city to be their capital. Palestine claims East Jerusalem and Israel considers the entire city to be sovereign Israeli territory, and administers the city and maintains its primary government institutions there. The international community considers East Jerusalem to be part of the occupied Palestinian territories, though <a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-41750916">an additional 176 Israeli homes</a> were constructed in the east in October 2017.</li>
   <li>The U.S. has a key role in Palestinian-Israeli relations. <a href="https://www.pbs.org/newshour/politics/middle_east-jan-june06-us_05-11">PBS outlines</a> the history of U.S. involvement in mediating between Israel and Palestine, despite <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-palestinians-unesco-usa-funding/u-s-stops-unesco-funding-over-palestinian-vote-idUSTRE79U5ED20111031">never officially recognizing Palestine</a> as a sovereign nation. By recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, Abbas and Palestinian government see the U.S. signaling <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinian/kiss-of-death-to-two-state-solution-if-jerusalem-declared-israel-capital-plo-envoy-idUSKBN1DY2UB">an end to prospects of a two-state settlement</a>.
<ul> <ul>
<li>Palestinian President Abbas warned of "dangerous consequences" such a decision would have to the peace process, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinians/trump-tells-abbas-intends-to-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-abbas-spokesman-idUSKBN1DZ24L">Reuters reported</a>.</li>  <li>Trump alluded to <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinians-analysi-idUSKBN15V2GE">a "one-state" solution</a> while meeting with Israel Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in February, breaking with long-held U.S. policy.</li>
<li><a href="http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/jerusalem-latest-hamas-trump-gates-of-hell-day-of-rage-news-updates-response-a8095841.html">The Independent</a> reported that a Hamas spokesperson announced that Trump had opened "the gates of hell" by recognizing the Israeli capital as Jerusalem, a city that Palestine claims as theirs as well.</li>  
</ul> </ul>
Here's how leaders in Israel are reacting:  
<ul>  </li>
<li>On a Facebook Live video, Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israel’s “historical and national identity is receiving important expressions every day, but especially today,” according to Israeli news site <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.827146"><em>Haaretz</em></a>.</li>  
<li>The <a href="http://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Israeli-politicians-react-to-Trumps-immiment-embassy-decision-517097">Jerusalem Post reported</a> that members of Netanyahu's Likud party have voiced strong support for the Trump administration's decision.</li>  <li>The <a href="http://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Israeli-politicians-react-to-Trumps-immiment-embassy-decision-517097">Jerusalem Post reported</a> that members of Netanyahu's Likud party have voiced strong support for the Trump administration's decision.</li>
</ul>  
Here's how leaders in the U.S. are reacting:  
<ul>  
<li>The recognition of Jerusalem is an issue that enjoys bipartisan support in the United States. On June 5, the Senate <a href="https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/senate-resolution/176/text">voted 90-0 to pass a resolution, </a>that stated, "that Jerusalem should remain the undivided capital of Israel in which the rights of every ethnic and religious group are protected." There were 10 abstainers to the vote.  
<ul>  
<li>The recent resolution upheld <a href="http://launch.newsinc.com/share.html?trackingGroup=92502&amp;siteSection=site_section_id&amp;videoId=33330256">the Jerusalem Act of 1995</a>, which passed by a <a href="https://www.congress.gov/104/plaws/publ45/PLAW-104publ45.pdf">93-5</a> margin in the Senate, and by<a href="http://clerk.house.gov/evs/1995/roll734.xml"> 374-37</a> in the House of Representatives. The Since 1950, the city of Jerusalem has been the capital of the State of Israel.</li>  <li>No timetable was provided as to when the U.S. embassy will be moved, and media reports said it would likely take at least another six months, although Jerusalem will be recognized immediately, <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/01/us/politics/trump-embassy-israel-jerusalem.html">according to <em>The New York Times</em></a>.</li>
<li>Every U.S. president since 1995, until now, has withheld from implementing the legislation in order to preserve the peace-process.</li>  
</ul>  
</li>  
<li>U.S. Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer, a Democrat, supported Trump's according to <a href="http://www.weeklystandard.com/democrats-divided-ahead-of-trumps-expected-recognition-of-jerusalem-as-israels-capital/article/2010726">The Weekly Standard</a>, a conservative publication. The Democratic Senator even criticized Trump for not recognizing Jerusalem in October, according to an email sent to the <a href="https://www.jta.org/2017/10/10/news-opinion/politics/schumer-renews-call-for-embassy-move-after-trump-says-give-peace-bid-a-chance">Jewish Telegraphic Agency.</a></li>  
<li>Republican Senator Ted Cruz also offered strong support for the White House decision, <a href="https://www.cruz.senate.gov/?p=press_release&amp;id=3530">in an official statement</a>, “I encourage countries around the world to now engage in their own moment of historical moral clarity, to follow America's lead in recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital,"</li>  
<li>Senator Bernie Sanders, an independent and self-declared socialist, criticized the White House decision <a href="https://twitter.com/SenSanders/status/938177733355503621">in a tweet </a>saying it "would undermine the prospects for an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement and severely, perhaps irreparably, damage our ability to broker it."  
<ul>  
<li>Though <a href="https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/senate-resolution/176/text">Sanders voted in favor</a> of the June resolution that included the recognition of Jerusalem as the undivided capital of Israel.</li>  
</ul>  
</li>  
</ul> </ul>
<h2>What commentators are saying</h2> <h2>What commentators are saying</h2>
<ul> <ul>
<li>Palestinian commentator <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/profile/daoud-kuttab.html">Daoud Kuttab</a> <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/trump-dangerous-jerusalem-gambit-171205193603932.html">said in a column</a> on Qatar-owned <em>Al-Jazeera</em> that the U.S. move was a dramatic and dangerous switch in policy to recognize Israel's unilateral annexation of Jerusalem which he said reflected the influence of Trump's son--in-law Jared Kushner and vice president Mike Pence — whom he called "Christian Zionist".</li>  <li>Palestinian commentator <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/profile/daoud-kuttab.html">Daoud Kuttab</a> <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/trump-dangerous-jerusalem-gambit-171205193603932.html">said in a column</a> on Qatar-owned <em>Al-Jazeera</em> that the U.S. move was a dramatic and dangerous switch in policy to recognize Israel's unilateral annexation of Jerusalem which he said reflected the influence of Trump's son--in-law Jared Kushner and vice president Mike Pence — whom he called "Christian Zionist".</li>
<li><a href="https://www.cnbc.com/jake-novak/">Jake Novak</a>, a columnist for CNBC, cut across the prevailing view of the risks of recognizing Jerusalem and wrote that in his view the prospect of increased violence from Palestinians in the wake of the U.S. decision is overblown and that it <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2017/12/05/trump-would-speed-peace-with-jerusalem-move-commentary.html">could in fact make peace more likely</a>.</li>  <li><a href="https://www.cnbc.com/jake-novak/">Jake Novak</a>, a columnist for CNBC, cut across the prevailing view of the risks of recognizing Jerusalem and wrote that in his view the prospect of increased violence from Palestinians in the wake of the U.S. decision is overblown and that it <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2017/12/05/trump-would-speed-peace-with-jerusalem-move-commentary.html">could in fact make peace more likely</a>.</li>
<li><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/column/shmuel-rosner?action=click&amp;contentCollection=Opinion&amp;module=ExtendedByline&amp;region=Header&amp;pgtype=article">Shmuel Rosner</a>, political editor of <em>The Jewish Journal</em>, wrote in an opinion-editorial in <em>The New York Times</em> that the decision <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/05/opinion/jerusalem-capital-israel-trump.html?rref=collection%2Fcolumn%2Fshmuel-rosner&amp;action=click&amp;contentCollection=opinion&amp;region=stream&amp;module=stream_unit&amp;version=latest&amp;contentPlacement=1&amp;pgtype=collection">recognized the reality on the ground</a> and several thousand years of history.</li>  <li><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/column/shmuel-rosner?action=click&amp;contentCollection=Opinion&amp;module=ExtendedByline&amp;region=Header&amp;pgtype=article">Shmuel Rosner</a>, political editor of <em>The Jewish Journal</em>, wrote in an opinion-editorial in <em>The New York Times</em> that the decision <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/05/opinion/jerusalem-capital-israel-trump.html?rref=collection%2Fcolumn%2Fshmuel-rosner&amp;action=click&amp;contentCollection=opinion&amp;region=stream&amp;module=stream_unit&amp;version=latest&amp;contentPlacement=1&amp;pgtype=collection">recognized the reality on the ground</a> and several thousand years of history.</li>
<li>In liberal Israeli newspaper site, <em>Haaretz</em>, columnist <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/misc/writers/bradley-burston-1.335">Bradley Burston</a>, wrote that the <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.826988">recognition was a dangerous political trap</a> for Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.</li>  <li>In liberal Israeli newspaper site, <em>Haaretz</em>, columnist <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/misc/writers/bradley-burston-1.335">Bradley Burston</a>, wrote that the <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.826988">recognition was a dangerous political trap</a> for Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.</li>
</ul> </ul>
<h2>More reading on Jerusalem</h2> <h2>More reading on Jerusalem</h2>
<ul> <ul>
<li>Anglo-American historian and noted adviser to neoconservatives, <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Lewis">Bernard Lewis</a>, published <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/What_Went_Wrong%3F"><em>What Went Wrong: Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response</em></a> in 2002. It was abridged in <em>The Atlantic</em> <a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2002/01/what-went-wrong/302387/">here</a>.</li>  <li>Anglo-American historian and noted adviser to neoconservatives, <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Lewis">Bernard Lewis</a>, published <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/What_Went_Wrong%3F"><em>What Went Wrong: Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response</em></a> in 2002. It was abridged in <em>The Atlantic</em> <a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2002/01/what-went-wrong/302387/">here</a>.</li>
<li>Palestinian intellectual <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Said">Edward Said</a> wrote his influential <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orientalism_(book)"><em>Orientalism</em> </a> in 1978, arguing that colonial powers dictated the way the Middle East is portrayed in a patronising and romantic way.</li>  <li>Palestinian intellectual <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Said">Edward Said</a> wrote his influential <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orientalism_(book)"><em>Orientalism</em> </a> in 1978, arguing that colonial powers dictated the way the Middle East is portrayed in a patronising and romantic way.</li>
<li>Pakistan-born British author Ziauddin Sardar explores the importance of Jerusalem and one of the three holiest sites in Islam in his 2014 book <a href="https://www.bloomsbury.com/us/mecca-9781620402689/"><em>Mecca: The Sacred City</em></a>.</li>  <li>Pakistan-born British author Ziauddin Sardar explores the importance of Jerusalem and one of the three holiest sites in Islam in his 2014 book <a href="https://www.bloomsbury.com/us/mecca-9781620402689/"><em>Mecca: The Sacred City</em></a>.</li>
<li>British historian and scion of a legendary Jewish family, Simon Sebag Montefiore, published a sumptuous "biography" of the city: <a href="http://www.simonsebagmontefiore.com/jerusalemthebiography.aspx"><em>Jerusalem</em></a>.</li>  <li>British historian and scion of a legendary Jewish family, Simon Sebag Montefiore, published a sumptuous "biography" of the city: <a href="http://www.simonsebagmontefiore.com/jerusalemthebiography.aspx"><em>Jerusalem</em></a>.</li>
</ul> </ul>
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Tags Tags
Author byline Author byline
No No
Has hero Has hero
No No
Hero Alignment Hero Alignment
No No
Hero Image URL Hero Image URL
None None
Featured Image URL Featured Image URL
Sources Sources

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