• Revision ID 26644 REVISION
  • 2017-12-06 22:36:50
  • by Peter Bale (talk | contribs)
  • Note: Updating with actual announcement
 
   
Title Title
U.S. recognizing Jerusalem as the 'eternal capital' of Israel  U.S. recognizes Jerusalem as capital of Israel
Summary Summary
President Trump breaks with nearly 50 years of U.S. precedent with this plan; world leaders concerned over regional stability  President Trump breaks with nearly 50 years of U.S. precedent; world leaders concerned over regional stability
Highlights Highlights
Pope Francis joins world leaders in asking Trump not to recognize Jerusalem , Netanyahu hails recognition of 'historical and national identity' , Palestinian leader warns of 'dangerous consequences'  Trump says he's fulfilling an election pledge , Netanyahu hails recognition of 'historical and national identity' , Palestinian leader warns of 'dangerous consequences'
Content Content
  <strong>Donald Trump rejected pleas from the Pope and world leaders and reversed 70 years of American foreign policy by recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, saying it was the reality on the ground and should not prevent a "deal" between Israel and Palestinians.</strong>
  “I have determined that it is time to officially recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel,” Trump said in a <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-trump-israel/trump-recognises-jerusalem-as-israels-capital-defying-allies-and-foes-idUKKBN1DZ053">speech in the White House</a>, reported by <em>Reuters</em>. “While previous presidents have made this a major campaign promise, they failed to deliver. Today, I am delivering.”
  Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called it a "historic landmark".
<strong>Pope Francis joined a chorus of leaders from the Middle East and around the world to urge President Trump not to go ahead with plans to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, reversing decades of U.S. policy.</strong>  Earlier, Pope Francis joined a chorus of leaders from the Middle East and around the world to urge Trump not to go ahead recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
<strong><a href="https://www.apnews.com/76a082815a5a4394a295ab651a04f588/Trump-forges-ahead-on-Jerusalem-as-capital-despite-warnings">Trump told Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on December 5 that the U.S. would recognize Jerusalem</a> as the capital of Israel, despite deep opposition from Arabs, Muslims and others. It is expected that the U.S. will eventually move its embassy from Tel Aviv to the historic city that Palestinians also claim and which is sacred to all three of the Abrahamic faiths.</strong>  <a href="https://www.apnews.com/76a082815a5a4394a295ab651a04f588/Trump-forges-ahead-on-Jerusalem-as-capital-despite-warnings">Trump told Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on December 5 that the U.S. would recognize Jerusalem</a> as the capital of Israel, despite deep opposition from Arabs, Muslims and others. It is expected that the U.S. will eventually move its embassy from Tel Aviv to the historic city that Palestinians also claim and which is sacred to all three of the Abrahamic faiths.
[caption id="attachment_26577" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<img class="size-large wp-image-26577" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2017/12/2017-12-06T134254Z_948407763_RC16009C2100_RTRMADP_3_USA-TRUMP-ISRAEL-1024x709.jpg" alt="Palestinians burn posters depicting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and U.S. President Donald Trump during a protest against the U.S. intention to move its embassy to Jerusalem and to recognize the city of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip December 6, 2017. REUTERS/Ibraheem Abu Mustafa" width="1024" height="709" /> Palestinians burn posters depicting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and U.S. President Donald Trump during a protest against the U.S. intention to move its embassy to Jerusalem and to recognize the city of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip December 6, 2017. REUTERS/Ibraheem Abu Mustafa[/caption] [caption id="attachment_26577" align="aligncenter" width="1024"]<img class="size-large wp-image-26577" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2017/12/2017-12-06T134254Z_948407763_RC16009C2100_RTRMADP_3_USA-TRUMP-ISRAEL-1024x709.jpg" alt="Palestinians burn posters depicting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and U.S. President Donald Trump during a protest against the U.S. intention to move its embassy to Jerusalem and to recognize the city of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip December 6, 2017. REUTERS/Ibraheem Abu Mustafa" width="1024" height="709" /> Palestinians burn posters depicting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and U.S. President Donald Trump during a protest against the U.S. intention to move its embassy to Jerusalem and to recognize the city of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip December 6, 2017. REUTERS/Ibraheem Abu Mustafa[/caption]
  "This is nothing more or less than a recognition of reality. It is also the right thing to do. It's something that has to be done," Trump told a White House event with Vice President Mike Pence -- a Christian seen by some Muslim leaders a force behind the change.
  "This decision is not intended in any way to reflect a departure from our strong commitment to facilitate a lasting peace agreement," Trump said, according to a <a href="https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2017/12/06/trump-says-jerusalem-embassy-move-long-overdue/926716001/">comprehensive <em>USA Today</em> report</a> on the statement.
Here's where the story stands and why recognition is such an explosive issue: Here's where the story stands and why recognition is such an explosive issue:
<ul> <ul>
<li>The Pope met privately with a group of Palestinians involved in multi-faith talks and then <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-trump-israel-pope/respect-status-quo-of-jerusalem-says-pope-in-response-to-trump-move-idUKKBN1E00UY">publicly urged</a> that the "status quo" on recognizing Jerusalem be respected: “I cannot keep quiet about my deep worry about the situation that has been created in the last few days.”</li>  <li>The Pope met privately with a group of Palestinians involved in multi-faith talks and then <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-trump-israel-pope/respect-status-quo-of-jerusalem-says-pope-in-response-to-trump-move-idUKKBN1E00UY">publicly urged</a> that the "status quo" on recognizing Jerusalem be respected: “I cannot keep quiet about my deep worry about the situation that has been created in the last few days.”</li>
<li>On a Facebook Live video, Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israel’s “historical and national identity is receiving important expressions every day, but especially today,” according to Israeli news site <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.827146"><em>Haaretz</em></a>.</li>  <li>On a Facebook Live video, Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israel’s “historical and national identity is receiving important expressions every day, but especially today,” according to Israeli news site <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.827146"><em>Haaretz</em></a>.</li>
<li>China said Trump's step <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-trump-israel-china/china-says-trump-plan-to-move-embassy-in-israel-could-spark-new-hostility-idUKKBN1E0157">"could sharpen regional conflict"</a>.</li>  <li>China said Trump's step <a href="https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-trump-israel-china/china-says-trump-plan-to-move-embassy-in-israel-could-spark-new-hostility-idUKKBN1E0157">"could sharpen regional conflict"</a>.</li>
<li>Recognizing Jerusalem as the "eternal capital" of Israel<a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-election-trump-netanyahu/trump-tells-netanyahu-he-would-recognize-jerusalem-as-israels-capital-idUSKCN11V0Q6"> fulfills a campaign promise Trump made</a> during the 2016 presidential election. International leaders criticize the decision as a threat to the stalled ambitions for a two-state solution to the rival claims of Palestinians and the Jewish state.  <li>Recognizing Jerusalem as the "eternal capital" of Israel<a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-election-trump-netanyahu/trump-tells-netanyahu-he-would-recognize-jerusalem-as-israels-capital-idUSKCN11V0Q6"> fulfills a campaign promise Trump made</a> during the 2016 presidential election. International leaders criticize the decision as a threat to the stalled ambitions for a two-state solution to the rival claims of Palestinians and the Jewish state.
<ul> <ul>
<li>French President Emmanuel Macron <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel/trump-tells-mideast-leaders-he-will-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-breaking-with-u-s-policy-idUSKBN1DZ04V?feedType=RSS&amp;feedName=topNews">called Trump </a> to express concern.</li>  <li>French President Emmanuel Macron <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel/trump-tells-mideast-leaders-he-will-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-breaking-with-u-s-policy-idUSKBN1DZ04V?feedType=RSS&amp;feedName=topNews">called Trump </a> to express concern.</li>
<li>Abbas warned of "dangerous consequences" such a decision would have to the peace process, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinians/trump-tells-abbas-intends-to-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-abbas-spokesman-idUSKBN1DZ24L">Reuters reported</a>.</li>  <li>Abbas warned of "dangerous consequences" such a decision would have to the peace process, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinians/trump-tells-abbas-intends-to-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-abbas-spokesman-idUSKBN1DZ24L">Reuters reported</a>.</li>
<li><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-jerusalem-jordan/jordans-king-warns-trump-over-moving-u-s-embassy-to-jerusalem-palace-idUSKBN1DZ2L7?il=0">King Abdullah II of Jordan said</a> Jerusalem was "the key to achieving peace and stability in the region and the world," and that the move would have "dangerous repercussions for the stability and security of the region.”</li>   <li><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-jerusalem-jordan/jordans-king-warns-trump-over-moving-u-s-embassy-to-jerusalem-palace-idUSKBN1DZ2L7?il=0">King Abdullah II (corrected from III) of Jordan said</a> Jerusalem was "the key to achieving peace and stability in the region and the world," and that the move would have "dangerous repercussions for the stability and security of the region.”</li>
<li>Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/09/21/remarks-president-trump-and-president-al-sisi-egypt-bilateral-meeting">a close ally of the Trump administration</a>, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-jerusalem-egypt/sisi-cautions-trump-against-complicating-matters-in-middle-east-egyptian-presidency-idUSKBN1DZ2MF">also warned against</a> “taking measures that would undermine the chances of peace in the Middle East.”</li>  <li>Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, <a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/09/21/remarks-president-trump-and-president-al-sisi-egypt-bilateral-meeting">a close ally of the Trump administration</a>, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-jerusalem-egypt/sisi-cautions-trump-against-complicating-matters-in-middle-east-egyptian-presidency-idUSKBN1DZ2MF">also warned against</a> “taking measures that would undermine the chances of peace in the Middle East.”</li>
</ul> </ul>
</li> </li>
<li>Both Israel and <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Palestine">Palestine</a> lay claim on Jerusalem as it has a critical role in Judaism and Islam, and both consider the city to be their capital. Palestine claims East Jerusalem and Israel considers the entire city to be sovereign Israeli territory, and administers the city and maintains its primary government institutions there. The international community considers East Jerusalem to be part of the occupied Palestinian territories, though <a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-41750916">an additional 176 Israeli homes</a> were constructed in the east in October 2017.</li>  <li>Both Israel and <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Palestine">Palestine</a> lay claim on Jerusalem as it has a critical role in Judaism and Islam, and both consider the city to be their capital. Palestine claims East Jerusalem and Israel considers the entire city to be sovereign Israeli territory, and administers the city and maintains its primary government institutions there. The international community considers East Jerusalem to be part of the occupied Palestinian territories, though <a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-41750916">an additional 176 Israeli homes</a> were constructed in the east in October 2017.</li>
<li>The U.S. has a key role in Palestinian-Israeli relations. <a href="https://www.pbs.org/newshour/politics/middle_east-jan-june06-us_05-11">PBS outlines</a> the history of U.S. involvement in mediating between Israel and Palestine, despite <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-palestinians-unesco-usa-funding/u-s-stops-unesco-funding-over-palestinian-vote-idUSTRE79U5ED20111031">never officially recognizing Palestine</a> as a sovereign nation. By recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, Abbas and Palestinian government see the U.S. signaling <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinian/kiss-of-death-to-two-state-solution-if-jerusalem-declared-israel-capital-plo-envoy-idUSKBN1DY2UB">an end to prospects of a two-state settlement</a>.  <li>The U.S. has a key role in Palestinian-Israeli relations. <a href="https://www.pbs.org/newshour/politics/middle_east-jan-june06-us_05-11">PBS outlines</a> the history of U.S. involvement in mediating between Israel and Palestine, despite <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-palestinians-unesco-usa-funding/u-s-stops-unesco-funding-over-palestinian-vote-idUSTRE79U5ED20111031">never officially recognizing Palestine</a> as a sovereign nation. By recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, Abbas and Palestinian government see the U.S. signaling <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinian/kiss-of-death-to-two-state-solution-if-jerusalem-declared-israel-capital-plo-envoy-idUSKBN1DY2UB">an end to prospects of a two-state settlement</a>.
<ul> <ul>
<li>Trump alluded to <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinians-analysi-idUSKBN15V2GE">a "one-state" solution</a> while meeting with Israel Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in February, breaking with long-held U.S. policy.</li>  <li>Trump alluded to <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-israel-palestinians-analysi-idUSKBN15V2GE">a "one-state" solution</a> while meeting with Israel Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in February, breaking with long-held U.S. policy.</li>
</ul> </ul>
</li> </li>
<li>The <a href="http://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Israeli-politicians-react-to-Trumps-immiment-embassy-decision-517097">Jerusalem Post reported</a> that members of Netanyahu's Likud party have voiced strong support for the Trump administration's decision.</li>  <li>The <a href="http://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Israeli-politicians-react-to-Trumps-immiment-embassy-decision-517097">Jerusalem Post reported</a> that members of Netanyahu's Likud party have voiced strong support for the Trump administration's decision.</li>
<li>No timetable was provided as to when the U.S. embassy will be moved, and media reports said it would likely take at least another six months, although Jerusalem will be recognized immediately, <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/01/us/politics/trump-embassy-israel-jerusalem.html">according to <em>The New York Times</em></a>.</li>  <li>No timetable was provided as to when the U.S. embassy will be moved, and media reports said it would likely take at least another six months, although Jerusalem will be recognized immediately, <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/01/us/politics/trump-embassy-israel-jerusalem.html">according to <em>The New York Times</em></a>.</li>
</ul> </ul>
<h2>What commentators are saying</h2> <h2>What commentators are saying</h2>
<ul> <ul>
<li>Palestinian commentator <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/profile/daoud-kuttab.html">Daoud Kuttab</a> <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/trump-dangerous-jerusalem-gambit-171205193603932.html">said in a column</a> on Qatar-owned <em>Al-Jazeera</em> that the U.S. move was a dramatic and dangerous switch in policy to recognize Israel's unilateral annexation of Jerusalem which he said reflected the influence of Trump's son--in-law Jared Kushner and vice president Mike Pence — whom he called "Christian Zionist".</li>  <li>Palestinian commentator <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/profile/daoud-kuttab.html">Daoud Kuttab</a> <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/trump-dangerous-jerusalem-gambit-171205193603932.html">said in a column</a> on Qatar-owned <em>Al-Jazeera</em> that the U.S. move was a dramatic and dangerous switch in policy to recognize Israel's unilateral annexation of Jerusalem which he said reflected the influence of Trump's son--in-law Jared Kushner and vice president Mike Pence — whom he called "Christian Zionist".</li>
<li><a href="https://www.cnbc.com/jake-novak/">Jake Novak</a>, a columnist for CNBC, cut across the prevailing view of the risks of recognizing Jerusalem and wrote that in his view the prospect of increased violence from Palestinians in the wake of the U.S. decision is overblown and that it <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2017/12/05/trump-would-speed-peace-with-jerusalem-move-commentary.html">could in fact make peace more likely</a>.</li>  <li><a href="https://www.cnbc.com/jake-novak/">Jake Novak</a>, a columnist for CNBC, cut across the prevailing view of the risks of recognizing Jerusalem and wrote that in his view the prospect of increased violence from Palestinians in the wake of the U.S. decision is overblown and that it <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2017/12/05/trump-would-speed-peace-with-jerusalem-move-commentary.html">could in fact make peace more likely</a>.</li>
<li><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/column/shmuel-rosner?action=click&amp;contentCollection=Opinion&amp;module=ExtendedByline&amp;region=Header&amp;pgtype=article">Shmuel Rosner</a>, political editor of <em>The Jewish Journal</em>, wrote in an opinion-editorial in <em>The New York Times</em> that the decision <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/05/opinion/jerusalem-capital-israel-trump.html?rref=collection%2Fcolumn%2Fshmuel-rosner&amp;action=click&amp;contentCollection=opinion&amp;region=stream&amp;module=stream_unit&amp;version=latest&amp;contentPlacement=1&amp;pgtype=collection">recognized the reality on the ground</a> and several thousand years of history.</li>  <li><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/column/shmuel-rosner?action=click&amp;contentCollection=Opinion&amp;module=ExtendedByline&amp;region=Header&amp;pgtype=article">Shmuel Rosner</a>, political editor of <em>The Jewish Journal</em>, wrote in an opinion-editorial in <em>The New York Times</em> that the decision <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/05/opinion/jerusalem-capital-israel-trump.html?rref=collection%2Fcolumn%2Fshmuel-rosner&amp;action=click&amp;contentCollection=opinion&amp;region=stream&amp;module=stream_unit&amp;version=latest&amp;contentPlacement=1&amp;pgtype=collection">recognized the reality on the ground</a> and several thousand years of history.</li>
<li>In liberal Israeli newspaper site, <em>Haaretz</em>, columnist <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/misc/writers/bradley-burston-1.335">Bradley Burston</a>, wrote that the <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.826988">recognition was a dangerous political trap</a> for Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.</li>  <li>In liberal Israeli newspaper site, <em>Haaretz</em>, columnist <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/misc/writers/bradley-burston-1.335">Bradley Burston</a>, wrote that the <a href="https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.826988">recognition was a dangerous political trap</a> for Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.</li>
</ul> </ul>
<h2>More reading on Jerusalem</h2> <h2>More reading on Jerusalem</h2>
<ul> <ul>
<li>Anglo-American historian and noted adviser to neoconservatives, <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Lewis">Bernard Lewis</a>, published <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/What_Went_Wrong%3F"><em>What Went Wrong: Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response</em></a> in 2002. It was abridged in <em>The Atlantic</em> <a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2002/01/what-went-wrong/302387/">here</a>.</li>  <li>Anglo-American historian and noted adviser to neoconservatives, <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Lewis">Bernard Lewis</a>, published <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/What_Went_Wrong%3F"><em>What Went Wrong: Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response</em></a> in 2002. It was abridged in <em>The Atlantic</em> <a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2002/01/what-went-wrong/302387/">here</a>.</li>
<li>Palestinian intellectual <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Said">Edward Said</a> wrote his influential <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orientalism_(book)"><em>Orientalism</em> </a> in 1978, arguing that colonial powers dictated the way the Middle East is portrayed in a patronising and romantic way.</li>  <li>Palestinian intellectual <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Said">Edward Said</a> wrote his influential <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orientalism_(book)"><em>Orientalism</em> </a> in 1978, arguing that colonial powers dictated the way the Middle East is portrayed in a patronising and romantic way.</li>
<li>Pakistan-born British author Ziauddin Sardar explores the importance of Jerusalem and one of the three holiest sites in Islam in his 2014 book <a href="https://www.bloomsbury.com/us/mecca-9781620402689/"><em>Mecca: The Sacred City</em></a>.</li>  <li>Pakistan-born British author Ziauddin Sardar explores the importance of Jerusalem and one of the three holiest sites in Islam in his 2014 book <a href="https://www.bloomsbury.com/us/mecca-9781620402689/"><em>Mecca: The Sacred City</em></a>.</li>
<li>British historian and scion of a legendary Jewish family, Simon Sebag Montefiore, published a sumptuous "biography" of the city: <a href="http://www.simonsebagmontefiore.com/jerusalemthebiography.aspx"><em>Jerusalem</em></a>.</li>  <li>British historian and scion of a legendary Jewish family, Simon Sebag Montefiore, published a sumptuous "biography" of the city: <a href="http://www.simonsebagmontefiore.com/jerusalemthebiography.aspx"><em>Jerusalem</em></a>.</li>
</ul> </ul>
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