• Revision ID 22802 REVISION
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  • by Eric Fershtman (talk | contribs)
  • Note: In opener, changed "scupper" to "scrap," and linked to FCC leadership page instead of LA Times.
  • Revision ID 22803 REVISION
  • 2017-11-24 17:49:32
  • by Eric Fershtman (talk | contribs)
  • Note: in "what do ordinary Americans..." section, rewrote first sentence of 2nd paragraph.
 
   
Title Title
With his new proposal, FCC chair Ajit Pai seeks to end net neutrality debate With his new proposal, FCC chair Ajit Pai seeks to end net neutrality debate
Summary Summary
Trump's FCC wants to get rid of net neutrality and shift responsibility for policing Internet Service Providers to the FTC. Trump's FCC wants to get rid of net neutrality and shift responsibility for policing Internet Service Providers to the FTC.
Highlights Highlights
On Tuesday, Ajit Pai unveiled his proposal to get rid of net neutrality rules , Controversy surrounding the public commenting period muddies the waters , Technology giants are protesting the plan, while service providers promise not to take advantage On Tuesday, Ajit Pai unveiled his proposal to get rid of net neutrality rules , Controversy surrounding the public commenting period muddies the waters , Technology giants are protesting the plan, while service providers promise not to take advantage
Content Content
The issue of net neutrality has resurfaced in the U.S., thanks to President Donald J. Trump's administration’s new Federal Communications Commission (FCC) chairman, Ajit Pai. The issue of net neutrality has resurfaced in the U.S., thanks to President Donald J. Trump's administration’s new Federal Communications Commission (FCC) chairman, Ajit Pai.
On Tuesday, Pai <a href="https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-347927A1.pdf">unveiled his plan to scrap net neutrality rules</a>, despite <a href="https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/tech-news/backlash-building-over-plan-gut-net-neutrality-n823436">widespread opposition, as reported by NBC News</a>. On Tuesday, Pai <a href="https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-347927A1.pdf">unveiled his plan to scrap net neutrality rules</a>, despite <a href="https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/tech-news/backlash-building-over-plan-gut-net-neutrality-n823436">widespread opposition, as reported by NBC News</a>.
With Republicans holding a <a href="https://www.fcc.gov/about/leadership">3-2 majority on the FCC board</a>, the plan is likely to be approved when voting takes place on December 14. With Republicans holding a <a href="https://www.fcc.gov/about/leadership">3-2 majority on the FCC board</a>, the plan is likely to be approved when voting takes place on December 14.
<h2><strong>What is net neutrality?</strong></h2> <h2><strong>What is net neutrality?</strong></h2>
It may sound like something Switzerland did in World War II, but net neutrality is actually a shorthand term for regulation designed to keep the internet as open and free as possible. It's there to make sure your experience on the web is not dependent on your internet service provider, or ISP. It may sound like something Switzerland did in World War II, but net neutrality is actually a shorthand term for regulation designed to keep the internet as open and free as possible. It's there to make sure your experience on the web is not dependent on your internet service provider, or ISP.
<a href="https://www.publicknowledge.org/issues/net-neutrality">Publicknowledge.org</a>, an organization advocating for net neutrality (whose funders, which include a mix of massive corporations like AT&amp;T, Facebook, and Google, as well as smaller orgs like American Hospital Association and Writers Guild of America, can be found <a href="https://www.publicknowledge.org/about-us/sources-of-funding-for-public-knowledge/">here</a>), defines it this way: <a href="https://www.publicknowledge.org/issues/net-neutrality">Publicknowledge.org</a>, an organization advocating for net neutrality (whose funders, which include a mix of massive corporations like AT&amp;T, Facebook, and Google, as well as smaller orgs like American Hospital Association and Writers Guild of America, can be found <a href="https://www.publicknowledge.org/about-us/sources-of-funding-for-public-knowledge/">here</a>), defines it this way:
<blockquote>Net neutrality is the principle that individuals should be free to access all content and applications equally, regardless of the source, without Internet Service Providers discriminating against specific online services or websites. In other words, it is the principle that the company that connects you to the internet does not get to control what you do on the internet.</blockquote> <blockquote>Net neutrality is the principle that individuals should be free to access all content and applications equally, regardless of the source, without Internet Service Providers discriminating against specific online services or websites. In other words, it is the principle that the company that connects you to the internet does not get to control what you do on the internet.</blockquote>
The idea is to ensure that service providers – Comcast, Verizon, AT&amp;T, and others – won’t be able to function as information gatekeepers, tailoring what you do and don’t see, and can and can’t access, to their own interests. Instead, <a href="http://transition.fcc.gov/Daily_Releases/Daily_Business/2015/db0226/DOC-332260A1.pdf">under net neutrality rules adopted in early 2015</a>, service providers are required to provide equal access to all content and services. The idea is to ensure that service providers – Comcast, Verizon, AT&amp;T, and others – won’t be able to function as information gatekeepers, tailoring what you do and don’t see, and can and can’t access, to their own interests. Instead, <a href="http://transition.fcc.gov/Daily_Releases/Daily_Business/2015/db0226/DOC-332260A1.pdf">under net neutrality rules adopted in early 2015</a>, service providers are required to provide equal access to all content and services.
<h2>A brief history of net neutrality in the U.S.</h2> <h2>A brief history of net neutrality in the U.S.</h2>
Under President Obama, the Democrat-majority FCC went through a series of moves to implement net neutrality. In December 2010, the FCC enacted its <a href="https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-10-201A1.pdf">Open Internet Order 2010</a>, which established three basic rules “grounded in broadly accepted Internet norms”: Under President Obama, the Democrat-majority FCC went through a series of moves to implement net neutrality. In December 2010, the FCC enacted its <a href="https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-10-201A1.pdf">Open Internet Order 2010</a>, which established three basic rules “grounded in broadly accepted Internet norms”:
<ul> <ul>
<li><strong>transparency</strong>, in which fixed and mobile broadband providers were required to “disclose the network management practices, performance characteristics, and terms and conditions of their broadband services”;</li>  <li><strong>transparency</strong>, in which fixed and mobile broadband providers were required to “disclose the network management practices, performance characteristics, and terms and conditions of their broadband services”;</li>
<li><strong>no blocking</strong>, which is what it sounds like; service providers were not allowed to block lawful content or any applications that “compete with their voice or video telephony services”;</li>  <li><strong>no blocking</strong>, which is what it sounds like; service providers were not allowed to block lawful content or any applications that “compete with their voice or video telephony services”;</li>
<li><strong>no unreasonable discrimination</strong>, meaning fixed broadband providers could not choose to slow down or speed up any lawful traffic online.</li>  <li><strong>no unreasonable discrimination</strong>, meaning fixed broadband providers could not choose to slow down or speed up any lawful traffic online.</li>
</ul> </ul>
After the D.C. Court of Appeals <a href="https://www.cadc.uscourts.gov/internet/opinions.nsf/3AF8B4D938CDEEA685257C6000532062/%24file/11-1355-1474943.pdf">ruled the Order invalid</a> in 2014 because the FCC had previously classified the service providers “in a manner that exempts them from treatment as common carriers,” the Commission reclassified them as telecommunications services under Title II of the <a href="https://transition.fcc.gov/Reports/1934new.pdf">Communications Act of 1934</a> and <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2015/02/26/the-fcc-set-to-approve-strong-net-neutrality-rules/?utm_term=.1a0d36c5dbe2">voted 3-2 along party lines (link to The Washington Post)</a> to implement a <a href="http://transition.fcc.gov/Daily_Releases/Daily_Business/2015/db0226/DOC-332260A1.pdf">new net neutrality plan</a> establishing three “Bright Line Rules”: After the D.C. Court of Appeals <a href="https://www.cadc.uscourts.gov/internet/opinions.nsf/3AF8B4D938CDEEA685257C6000532062/%24file/11-1355-1474943.pdf">ruled the Order invalid</a> in 2014 because the FCC had previously classified the service providers “in a manner that exempts them from treatment as common carriers,” the Commission reclassified them as telecommunications services under Title II of the <a href="https://transition.fcc.gov/Reports/1934new.pdf">Communications Act of 1934</a> and <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2015/02/26/the-fcc-set-to-approve-strong-net-neutrality-rules/?utm_term=.1a0d36c5dbe2">voted 3-2 along party lines (link to The Washington Post)</a> to implement a <a href="http://transition.fcc.gov/Daily_Releases/Daily_Business/2015/db0226/DOC-332260A1.pdf">new net neutrality plan</a> establishing three “Bright Line Rules”:
<ul> <ul>
<li><strong>No blocking</strong>;</li>  <li><strong>No blocking</strong>;</li>
<li><strong>No throttling</strong>, or slowing down lawful traffic;</li>  <li><strong>No throttling</strong>, or slowing down lawful traffic;</li>
<li><strong>No paid prioritization</strong>, or “fast lanes.”</li>  <li><strong>No paid prioritization</strong>, or “fast lanes.”</li>
</ul> </ul>
After <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2015/06/11/a-federal-court-just-refused-to-block-the-fccs-net-neutrality-rules-from-taking-effect/?utm_term=.5bcb60c8554a">surviving a difficult legal challenge</a> from service providers in June of 2015, the new rules went into effect. However, after being elected president, Donald Trump appointed a new FCC chair, Ajit Pai, who believes the “heavy-handed, utility-style regulation of Internet service providers (ISPs)” <a href="https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-347927A1.pdf">has stifled innovation and competition</a>, and is the reason that “broadband investment has fallen for two years in a row.” After <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2015/06/11/a-federal-court-just-refused-to-block-the-fccs-net-neutrality-rules-from-taking-effect/?utm_term=.5bcb60c8554a">surviving a difficult legal challenge</a> from service providers in June of 2015, the new rules went into effect. However, after being elected president, Donald Trump appointed a new FCC chair, Ajit Pai, who believes the “heavy-handed, utility-style regulation of Internet service providers (ISPs)” <a href="https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-347927A1.pdf">has stifled innovation and competition</a>, and is the reason that “broadband investment has fallen for two years in a row.”
His two fellow Republican commissioners, Michael O’Rielly and Brendan Carr, <a href="http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-net-neutrality-fcc-20171122-htmlstory.html">agree, according to The Los Angeles Times</a>. After Pai released his plan, Carr <a href="http://transition.fcc.gov/Daily_Releases/Daily_Business/2017/db1121/DOC-347870A1.pdf">publicly endorsed it</a>, and O’Rielly, who has said he wants to review it before deciding, voted against the 2015 implementation. His two fellow Republican commissioners, Michael O’Rielly and Brendan Carr, <a href="http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-net-neutrality-fcc-20171122-htmlstory.html">agree, according to The Los Angeles Times</a>. After Pai released his plan, Carr <a href="http://transition.fcc.gov/Daily_Releases/Daily_Business/2017/db1121/DOC-347870A1.pdf">publicly endorsed it</a>, and O’Rielly, who has said he wants to review it before deciding, voted against the 2015 implementation.
<h2><strong>Why is the FCC chair trying to kill what seems to be a popular regulation?</strong></h2> <h2><strong>Why is the FCC chair trying to kill what seems to be a popular regulation?</strong></h2>
In an interview with NPR’s Rachel Martin, Pai argued that “<a href="https://www.npr.org/2017/11/22/565897887/fcc-chairman-defends-repeal-of-net-neutrality">President Clinton got it right in 1996</a> when he established a free-market-based approach to this new thing called the Internet.” In other words: <em>if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it</em>. In an interview with NPR’s Rachel Martin, Pai argued that “<a href="https://www.npr.org/2017/11/22/565897887/fcc-chairman-defends-repeal-of-net-neutrality">President Clinton got it right in 1996</a> when he established a free-market-based approach to this new thing called the Internet.” In other words: <em>if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it</em>.
His proposal to repeal net neutrality involves three components, <a href="https://www.fcc.gov/restoring-internet-freedom">according to an FCC statement</a>: His proposal to repeal net neutrality involves three components, <a href="https://www.fcc.gov/restoring-internet-freedom">according to an FCC statement</a>:
<ul> <ul>
<li>Reclassifying ISPs as “information services”;</li>  <li>Reclassifying ISPs as “information services”;</li>
<li>Deregulating mobile broadband services;</li>  <li>Deregulating mobile broadband services;</li>
<li>Transferring policing responsibility to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), meaning it’s the FTC, and not the FCC, that would be responsible for ensuring ISPs don’t engage in anti-competitive practices.</li>  <li>Transferring policing responsibility to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), meaning it’s the FTC, and not the FCC, that would be responsible for ensuring ISPs don’t engage in anti-competitive practices.</li>
</ul> </ul>
Pai's argument, ultimately, is the standard Republican one of "regulatory overreach" – a phrase that Commissioner Carr used when he endorsed Pai's plan. As the editors of the conservative publication <em>National Review </em><a href="http://Read more at: http://www.nationalreview.com/article/453984/net-neutrality-not-needed-not-fccs-job">observed</a>: "There is no title or provision in the Federal Communication Act that gives the [FCC] a clear mandate to impose pricing and content-management rules on Internet providers, which is what net neutrality does." Pai's argument, ultimately, is the standard Republican one of "regulatory overreach" – a phrase that Commissioner Carr used when he endorsed Pai's plan. As the editors of the conservative publication <em>National Review </em><a href="http://Read more at: http://www.nationalreview.com/article/453984/net-neutrality-not-needed-not-fccs-job">observed</a>: "There is no title or provision in the Federal Communication Act that gives the [FCC] a clear mandate to impose pricing and content-management rules on Internet providers, which is what net neutrality does."
<h2><strong>What do ordinary Americans think of Pai’s plan to roll back net neutrality rules?</strong></h2> <h2><strong>What do ordinary Americans think of Pai’s plan to roll back net neutrality rules?</strong></h2>
In standard federal practice, Pai’s proposal also called for public comments “on whether to keep, modify, or eliminate” the Bright Line Rules of 2015. <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2017/11/22/official-says-hes-been-stymied-by-the-fcc-in-investigation-of-fake-net-neutrality-foes/?utm_term=.78c768cfdc89"><em>The Washington Post</em> reports</a> that around 800,000 of the 22 million comments submitted contain generic text critical of net neutrality, raising doubts about the integrity and accuracy of public feedback. In standard federal practice, Pai’s proposal also called for public comments “on whether to keep, modify, or eliminate” the Bright Line Rules of 2015. <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2017/11/22/official-says-hes-been-stymied-by-the-fcc-in-investigation-of-fake-net-neutrality-foes/?utm_term=.78c768cfdc89"><em>The Washington Post</em> reports</a> that around 800,000 of the 22 million comments submitted contain generic text critical of net neutrality, raising doubts about the integrity and accuracy of public feedback.
New York Attorney General Eric Schneidermann has <a href="https://medium.com/@AGSchneiderman/an-open-letter-to-the-fcc-b867a763850a">started an investigation into potential fraud (link to Medium)</a> after many people complained that they hadn’t written the comments attributed to them. The FCC, however, has “declined to cooperate with [Schneidermann’s] investigation…rebuffing requests for logs and other records associated with the comments.”  New York Attorney General Eric Schneidermann has been <a href="https://medium.com/@AGSchneiderman/an-open-letter-to-the-fcc-b867a763850a">investigating for potential fraud (link to Medium)</a> after many people complained that they hadn’t written the comments attributed to them. The FCC, however, has “declined to cooperate with [Schneidermann’s] investigation…rebuffing requests for logs and other records associated with the comments.”
Schneidermann said he’d made at least nine requests for records since June, and all have gone unanswered. In a statement on November 22, the day after Schneidermann published an <a href="https://medium.com/@AGSchneiderman/an-open-letter-to-the-fcc-b867a763850a">open letter</a> to Pai, the FCC denied Schneidermann’s account, reports ABC News, <a href="http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/fcc-stonewalling-probe-massive-scheme-involving-fake-net/story?id=51332865">arguing it was motivated by politics</a>: “This so-called investigation is nothing more than a transparent attempt by a partisan supporter of the Obama Administration’s heavy-handed Internet regulations to gain publicity for himself.” Schneidermann said he’d made at least nine requests for records since June, and all have gone unanswered. In a statement on November 22, the day after Schneidermann published an <a href="https://medium.com/@AGSchneiderman/an-open-letter-to-the-fcc-b867a763850a">open letter</a> to Pai, the FCC denied Schneidermann’s account, reports ABC News, <a href="http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/fcc-stonewalling-probe-massive-scheme-involving-fake-net/story?id=51332865">arguing it was motivated by politics</a>: “This so-called investigation is nothing more than a transparent attempt by a partisan supporter of the Obama Administration’s heavy-handed Internet regulations to gain publicity for himself.”
The FCC also said that most of the suspicious activity came from comments <em>supporting</em> net neutrality, “including 7.5 million copies of another form message it said came from a fake email generator and 400,000 comments…from one address in Russia.” The FCC also said that most of the suspicious activity came from comments <em>supporting</em> net neutrality, “including 7.5 million copies of another form message it said came from a fake email generator and 400,000 comments…from one address in Russia.”
Another 1.3 million comments came from addresses in France, Russia, and Germany, according to <a href="http://nlpc.org/2017/11/22/fcc-commissioner-clings-discredited-22-million-public-comment-figure-net-neutrality/">the National Legal and Policy Center</a>, a conservative political nonprofit that “promotes ethics in public life through research, investigation, education and legal action.” Another 1.3 million comments came from addresses in France, Russia, and Germany, according to <a href="http://nlpc.org/2017/11/22/fcc-commissioner-clings-discredited-22-million-public-comment-figure-net-neutrality/">the National Legal and Policy Center</a>, a conservative political nonprofit that “promotes ethics in public life through research, investigation, education and legal action.”
Elsewhere, Reddit, the “front page of the internet,” was “awash with red in protest over net neutrality,” <a href="https://www.cnet.com/news/reddit-sees-red-over-net-neutrality-fcc-battle-for-the-net/">according to CNET’s Claire Reilly</a>, “as dozens of subreddits lit up the social network, all linking to the same thing: the pro-net neutrality website called <a href="https://www.battleforthenet.com/">Battle for the Net</a>.” Elsewhere, Reddit, the “front page of the internet,” was “awash with red in protest over net neutrality,” <a href="https://www.cnet.com/news/reddit-sees-red-over-net-neutrality-fcc-battle-for-the-net/">according to CNET’s Claire Reilly</a>, “as dozens of subreddits lit up the social network, all linking to the same thing: the pro-net neutrality website called <a href="https://www.battleforthenet.com/">Battle for the Net</a>.”
And as <em>Ars Technica</em>’s Timothy B. Lee reports, protests against Pai’s plan to scrap net neutrality will be held on December 7<sup>th</sup> <a href="https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2017/11/net-neutrality-supporters-plan-nationwide-protests-on-december-7/">in front of Verizon stores nationwide</a> – chosen because Verizon has led the fight against net neutrality. And as <em>Ars Technica</em>’s Timothy B. Lee reports, protests against Pai’s plan to scrap net neutrality will be held on December 7<sup>th</sup> <a href="https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2017/11/net-neutrality-supporters-plan-nationwide-protests-on-december-7/">in front of Verizon stores nationwide</a> – chosen because Verizon has led the fight against net neutrality.
<h2><strong>How are internet giants like Facebook and Google reacting?</strong></h2> <h2><strong>How are internet giants like Facebook and Google reacting?</strong></h2>
Facebook, Google, and Netflix, along with <a href="http://www.engine.is/startups-for-net-neutrality/">thousands of small businesses around the country</a>, <a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-42096185">have all come out publicly against Pai’s plan</a>. Facebook, Google, and Netflix, along with <a href="http://www.engine.is/startups-for-net-neutrality/">thousands of small businesses around the country</a>, <a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-42096185">have all come out publicly against Pai’s plan</a>.
In an <a href="http://www.businessinsider.com/tech-firms-react-fcc-plan-kill-net-neutrality-2017-11">emailed statement to <em>Business Insider</em></a>, a Facebook spokesperson said: “We are disappointed that the proposal announced today by the FCC fails to maintain strong net neutrality protections that will ensure the internet remains open for everyone.” In an <a href="http://www.businessinsider.com/tech-firms-react-fcc-plan-kill-net-neutrality-2017-11">emailed statement to <em>Business Insider</em></a>, a Facebook spokesperson said: “We are disappointed that the proposal announced today by the FCC fails to maintain strong net neutrality protections that will ensure the internet remains open for everyone.”
A Google spokesperson said: “The FCC’s net neutrality rules are working well for consumers and we’re disappointed in the proposal announced [on Tuesday].” A Google spokesperson said: “The FCC’s net neutrality rules are working well for consumers and we’re disappointed in the proposal announced [on Tuesday].”
Netflix, in a tweet, said, “We oppose the FCC’s proposal to roll back these core protections.” Netflix, in a tweet, said, “We oppose the FCC’s proposal to roll back these core protections.”
A Reddit spokesperson said, “We will continue to advocate for and work constructively to maintain a free and open Internet.” A Reddit spokesperson said, “We will continue to advocate for and work constructively to maintain a free and open Internet.”
The Internet Association, which represents Amazon, Dropbox, Microsoft, and Uber, among others, <a href="https://internetassociation.org/chairman-ajit-pais-plan-gut-net-neutrality-protections/">released a statement</a> saying: “Chairman Pai’s proposal, if implemented, represents the end of net neutrality as we know it and defies the will of millions of Americans who support the 2015 Open Internet Order. This proposal undoes nearly two decades of bipartisan agreement on baseline net neutrality principles that protect Americans’ ability to access the entire Internet.” The Internet Association, which represents Amazon, Dropbox, Microsoft, and Uber, among others, <a href="https://internetassociation.org/chairman-ajit-pais-plan-gut-net-neutrality-protections/">released a statement</a> saying: “Chairman Pai’s proposal, if implemented, represents the end of net neutrality as we know it and defies the will of millions of Americans who support the 2015 Open Internet Order. This proposal undoes nearly two decades of bipartisan agreement on baseline net neutrality principles that protect Americans’ ability to access the entire Internet.”
Some of the ISPs – most notably <a href="http://corporate.comcast.com/comcast-voices/comcast-supports-net-neutrality-and-reversal-of-title-ii-classification-title-ii-is-not-net-neutrality">Comcast</a> and <a href="http://www.verizon.com/about/news/verizon-supports-fccs-restoring-internet-freedom-proposal">Verizon</a> – have pledged to uphold net neutrality principles regardless of the outcome. But <a href="https://lifehacker.com/what-happens-when-broadband-companies-self-regulate-1794710098">past conduct indicates otherwise</a>, according to <em>Lifehacker</em>’s Thorin Klosowski, who compiled a list of “the tricks broadband companies have pulled” since 2003. Some of the ISPs – most notably <a href="http://corporate.comcast.com/comcast-voices/comcast-supports-net-neutrality-and-reversal-of-title-ii-classification-title-ii-is-not-net-neutrality">Comcast</a> and <a href="http://www.verizon.com/about/news/verizon-supports-fccs-restoring-internet-freedom-proposal">Verizon</a> – have pledged to uphold net neutrality principles regardless of the outcome. But <a href="https://lifehacker.com/what-happens-when-broadband-companies-self-regulate-1794710098">past conduct indicates otherwise</a>, according to <em>Lifehacker</em>’s Thorin Klosowski, who compiled a list of “the tricks broadband companies have pulled” since 2003.
&nbsp; &nbsp;
<h2><strong>Further reading: <h2><strong>Further reading:
</strong></h2> </strong></h2>
<ul> <ul>
<li>“<a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2017/11/network-neutrality-cant-fix-the-internet/546620/">Network Neutrality Can’t Fix the Internet</a>,” by Ian Bogost at <em>The Atlantic</em></li>  <li>“<a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2017/11/network-neutrality-cant-fix-the-internet/546620/">Network Neutrality Can’t Fix the Internet</a>,” by Ian Bogost at <em>The Atlantic</em></li>
<li>“<a href="https://www.recode.net/2017/11/21/16679114/fcc-ajit-pai-net-neutrality-rules-donald-trump">Trump’s FCC has revealed plans to wipe out net neutrality</a>,” by Tony Romm at <em>Recode</em></li>  <li>“<a href="https://www.recode.net/2017/11/21/16679114/fcc-ajit-pai-net-neutrality-rules-donald-trump">Trump’s FCC has revealed plans to wipe out net neutrality</a>,” by Tony Romm at <em>Recode</em></li>
<li>“<a href="http://fortune.com/2017/11/23/net-neutrality-explained-what-it-means-and-why-it-matters/">Net Neutrality Explained: What It Means (and Why It Matters)</a>,” by Andrew Nusca at <em>Fortune</em></li>  <li>“<a href="http://fortune.com/2017/11/23/net-neutrality-explained-what-it-means-and-why-it-matters/">Net Neutrality Explained: What It Means (and Why It Matters)</a>,” by Andrew Nusca at <em>Fortune</em></li>
<li>“<a href="https://apnews.com/317fa115001749f78a95410a93f15619/What-happens-once-'net-neutrality'-rules-bite-the-dust?">What happens once ‘net neutrality’ rules bite the dust?</a>” by Tali Arbel at the Associated Press</li>  <li>“<a href="https://apnews.com/317fa115001749f78a95410a93f15619/What-happens-once-'net-neutrality'-rules-bite-the-dust?">What happens once ‘net neutrality’ rules bite the dust?</a>” by Tali Arbel at the Associated Press</li>
<li>“<a href="http://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-rosenworcel-fcc-net-neutrality-repeal-20171122-story.html">I’m on the FCC. Please stop us from killing net neutrality</a>,” by Jessica Rosenworcel at the <em>Los Angeles Times</em></li>  <li>“<a href="http://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-rosenworcel-fcc-net-neutrality-repeal-20171122-story.html">I’m on the FCC. Please stop us from killing net neutrality</a>,” by Jessica Rosenworcel at the <em>Los Angeles Times</em></li>
</ul> </ul>
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explainer explainer
Tags Tags
Author byline Author byline
No No
Has hero Has hero
Yes Yes
Hero Alignment Hero Alignment
full full
Hero Image URL Hero Image URL
https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2017/11/ajit-pai-150x150.jpg https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wikitribune-uploads-master/2017/11/ajit-pai-150x150.jpg
Featured Image URL Featured Image URL
Sources Sources

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