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Title Title
Berlin: Foundation stone of 'The House of One' - one sacral building for three religions - to be laid in April 2020 Berlin: Foundation stone of 'The House of One' - one sacral building for three religions - to be laid in April 2020
Summary Summary
The foundation stone for "The House of One - three religions, one house" in Berlin is scheduled to be laid in April 2020. The foundation stone for "The House of One - three religions, one house" in Berlin is scheduled to be laid in April 2020.
Highlights Highlights
Content Content
<p lang="zxx">Planned for years, the multi-religious sacral building in the city of Berlin, <em>The House of One – three religions, one house</em>,  takes "an important step towards the structural completion", Rabbi Andreas Nachama, Chairman of the Board of Trustees and member of the Presidium of the House of One, <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/news/kick-constructin-april-2020" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">said</a>. On April 14, 2020, seven years after the building competition had been <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/press/releases/start-der-bewerbungsphase-des-architekturwettbewerbs-f%C3%BCr-ein-neues-bet-und-lehrhaus" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">announced</a>, the foundation stone will be laid.</p> <p lang="zxx">Planned for years, the multi-religious sacral building in the city of Berlin, <em>The House of One – three religions, one house</em>,  takes "an important step towards the structural completion", Rabbi Andreas Nachama, Chairman of the Board of Trustees and member of the Presidium of the House of One, <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/news/kick-constructin-april-2020" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">said</a>. On April 14, 2020, seven years after the building competition had been <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/press/releases/start-der-bewerbungsphase-des-architekturwettbewerbs-f%C3%BCr-ein-neues-bet-und-lehrhaus" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">announced</a>, the foundation stone will be laid.</p>
<p lang="zxx">The project of a <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">grassroots group of three religious communities</a> had already gained international attention. Especially when the architectural contest was completed in 2014, the media showed interest. "Berlin thinks it is making religious history", the <a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-27872551" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">BBC</a> started its' story.  <a href="https://www.huffpost.com/entry/house-of-one-berlin-interfaith_n_5489444" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Huffpost</a> spoke of an "interfaith miracle in the heart of Berlin". The <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/shortcuts/2014/jun/25/berlin-house-of-one-unity-christian-muslim-jew" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Guardian</a> questioned whether "all religious communities" were "backing the ambitious project."</p> <p lang="zxx">The project of a <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">grassroots group of three religious communities</a> had already gained international attention. Especially when the architectural contest was completed in 2014, the media showed interest. "Berlin thinks it is making religious history", the <a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-27872551" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">BBC</a> started its' story.  <a href="https://www.huffpost.com/entry/house-of-one-berlin-interfaith_n_5489444" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Huffpost</a> spoke of an "interfaith miracle in the heart of Berlin". The <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/shortcuts/2014/jun/25/berlin-house-of-one-unity-christian-muslim-jew" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Guardian</a> questioned whether "all religious communities" were "backing the ambitious project."</p>
<p lang="zxx">What does the project stand for?</p> <p lang="zxx">What does the project stand for?</p>
<h3>Inter-religious encounter and urban development: two concerns</h3> <h3>Inter-religious encounter and urban development: two concerns</h3>
<p lang="zxx"><strong>One concern</strong> of the project lies in the religious domain. Jews, Christians and Muslims profess themselves to God's revelation to the prophet Abraham as the root of their faiths. But besides that they are sharing the commonalities of "<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrahamic_religions" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Abrahamic religions</a>", there are non-negligible differences in theology and religious traditions. Not to mention that religious issues are claimed as a reasons for - also violent - clashes.</p> <p lang="zxx"><strong>One concern</strong> of the project lies in the religious domain. Jews, Christians and Muslims profess themselves to God's revelation to the prophet Abraham as the root of their faiths. But besides that they are sharing the commonalities of "<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrahamic_religions" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Abrahamic religions</a>", there are non-negligible differences in theology and religious traditions. Not to mention that religious issues are claimed as a reasons for - also violent - clashes.</p>
<p lang="zxx">In view of the above, the protestant church community St. Petri-St. Mary’s Church, the <a href="https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%BCdisches_Leben_in_Berlin#J%C3%BCdische_Gemeinde_zu_Berlin" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Jewish community of Berlin</a>, the rabbinical seminary <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham-Geiger-Kolleg" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Abraham-Geiger-Kolleg</a>, and the Muslim initiative Forum for Intercultural Dialogue e.V. (FID e.V.) had launched the <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">One-house-project</a> in the city of Berlin.</p> <p lang="zxx">In view of the above, the protestant church community St. Petri-St. Mary’s Church, the <a href="https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%BCdisches_Leben_in_Berlin#J%C3%BCdische_Gemeinde_zu_Berlin" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Jewish community of Berlin</a>, the rabbinical seminary <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham-Geiger-Kolleg" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Abraham-Geiger-Kolleg</a>, and the Muslim initiative Forum for Intercultural Dialogue e.V. (FID e.V.) had launched the <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">One-house-project</a> in the city of Berlin.</p>
<ul> <ul>
<li>By its architecture and its utilization concept, <em>The House of One</em> will embrace the commonalities as well as the differences of the religions.</li>  <li>By its architecture and its utilization concept, <em>The House of One</em> will embrace the commonalities as well as the differences of the religions.</li>
<li>Each religious community will have its own holy room: there will be a synagogue, church, and a mosque under one roof.</li>  <li>Each religious community will have its own holy room: there will be a synagogue, church, and a mosque under one roof.</li>
<li>These separate rooms can open their doors to an empty central room which they are build around as can be seen by the floorplan (<a href="https://www.stiftungzukunftberlin.eu/fileadmin/szb/daten/Initiativen/House_of_One/Dokumente/HouseOfOne_Broschuere.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">p. 17 of the brochure</a> of the project). This room constitutes an open space for encounter and learning.</li>  <li>These separate rooms can open their doors to an empty central room which they are build around as can be seen by the floorplan (<a href="https://www.stiftungzukunftberlin.eu/fileadmin/szb/daten/Initiativen/House_of_One/Dokumente/HouseOfOne_Broschuere.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">p. 17 of the brochure</a> of the project). This room constitutes an open space for encounter and learning.</li>
</ul> </ul>
<p lang="zxx">But <em>The House of One</em> shall not only be open to the religious communities. Situated in the historical center of the city of Berlin, "people involved in culture, business and politics, followers of other religions and, especially, people who do not identify with any religion <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/faqs" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">are welcome</a>."</p> <p lang="zxx">But <em>The House of One</em> shall not only be open to the religious communities. Situated in the historical center of the city of Berlin, "people involved in culture, business and politics, followers of other religions and, especially, people who do not identify with any religion <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/faqs" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">are welcome</a>."</p>
<p lang="zxx">The <a href="https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/house_of_one_berlin_charta_engl.pdf?t=1ECa4r" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">concept</a> envisages that each of the religions shall be granted a space in which they can live openly according to their own way and engage with the public. "Reflection on the own identities and those of others from multiple perspectives", shall be fostered. "Theological differences and contradictions" shall be preserved "rather than glossing them over".</p> <p lang="zxx">The <a href="https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/house_of_one_berlin_charta_engl.pdf?t=1ECa4r" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">concept</a> envisages that each of the religions shall be granted a space in which they can live openly according to their own way and engage with the public. "Reflection on the own identities and those of others from multiple perspectives", shall be fostered. "Theological differences and contradictions" shall be preserved "rather than glossing them over".</p>
<p lang="zxx"><strong>The other concern</strong> is a matter of urban development. The city of Berlin was advocating urban concepts for the redesign of its historical center. The plannings <a href="http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de/staedtebau/projekte/petriplatz_breitestr/download/Petriplatz_BreiteStrasse_Ausstellung.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">comprised nine subareas</a>, one of them the Petriplatz in the midst of the old Berlin-Cölln dating from the year 1650 from where the modern Berlin had developed. At least from the 13th century until 1960 the place had been <a href="https://www.ausgrabung-petriplatz.de/archaeologische-grabung-berlin-ursprungsort-ausgrabungen-petriplatz-historisches-zentrum-jetzt-entdecken" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">dominated by the Petri-church</a>. Only recently the remains of the Petri-Churchyard had been brought to light by <a href="https://www.ausgrabung-petriplatz.de/archaeologische-grabung-berlin-ursprungsort-ausgrabungen-petriplatz-historisches-zentrum-jetzt-entdecken" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">archaeological excavations</a>. In 2009, the Protestant St. Mary’s Church decided to build a new church there but as a particular place for communication whereas at that time the Berlin Senate had a commercial and office building in mind, as the <a href="https://www.morgenpost.de/berlin/article104178755/Die-Petrikirche-soll-wiederauferstehen.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Berliner Morgenpost</a> reported. <p lang="zxx"><strong>The other concern</strong> is a matter of urban development. The city of Berlin was advocating urban concepts for the redesign of its historical center. The plannings <a href="http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de/staedtebau/projekte/petriplatz_breitestr/download/Petriplatz_BreiteStrasse_Ausstellung.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">comprised nine subareas</a>, one of them the Petriplatz in the midst of the old Berlin-Cölln dating from the year 1650 from where the modern Berlin had developed. At least from the 13th century until 1960 the place had been <a href="https://www.ausgrabung-petriplatz.de/archaeologische-grabung-berlin-ursprungsort-ausgrabungen-petriplatz-historisches-zentrum-jetzt-entdecken" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">dominated by the Petri-church</a>. Only recently the remains of the Petri-Churchyard had been brought to light by <a href="https://www.ausgrabung-petriplatz.de/archaeologische-grabung-berlin-ursprungsort-ausgrabungen-petriplatz-historisches-zentrum-jetzt-entdecken" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">archaeological excavations</a>. In 2009, the Protestant St. Mary’s Church decided to build a new church there but as a particular place for communication whereas at that time the Berlin Senate had a commercial and office building in mind, as the <a href="https://www.morgenpost.de/berlin/article104178755/Die-Petrikirche-soll-wiederauferstehen.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Berliner Morgenpost</a> reported.
Now, <em>The House of One</em> will add value for the city by giving "a future-oriented shape to the coexistence of religion and city", as Pastor Gregor Hohberg <span class="st"><a href="https://www.ezw-berlin.de/downloads/Materialdienst_06_2011.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">had put it</a>. </span></p> Now, <em>The House of One</em> will add value for the city by giving "a future-oriented shape to the coexistence of religion and city", as Pastor Gregor Hohberg <span class="st"><a href="https://www.ezw-berlin.de/downloads/Materialdienst_06_2011.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">had put it</a>. </span></p>
<h3><em>The House of One</em> is said to be unique worldwide</h3> <h3><em>The House of One</em> is said to be unique worldwide</h3>
<p lang="zxx">When asked whether there are "plans to build versions of <em>The House of One</em> in other locations", The Stiftung House of One, project manager, <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/faqs" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">estimated</a> that the concept of the <em>House</em> is  quite strongly site-specific: "The idea behind House of One was developed very much with its specific Berlin location in mind. It would therefore be hard to transfer this background and the architectural concept to other locations."</p> <p lang="zxx">When asked whether there are "plans to build versions of <em>The House of One</em> in other locations", The Stiftung House of One, project manager, <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/faqs" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">estimated</a> that the concept of the <em>House</em> is  quite strongly site-specific: "The idea behind House of One was developed very much with its specific Berlin location in mind. It would therefore be hard to transfer this background and the architectural concept to other locations."</p>
Thought the other way around, by logic it were also true that there hardly can exist another, comparable religious building at another location in the world. But apparently this perception depends on which comparison criteria are used, since the media are referring to multifaith projects which they consider to be similar: Thought the other way around, by logic it were also true that there hardly can exist another, comparable religious building at another location in the world. But apparently this perception depends on which comparison criteria are used, since the media are referring to multifaith projects which they consider to be similar:
<ul> <ul>
<li>There are least ten cities "with a rich mix of holy sites and places of worship of different faiths, all concentrated in less than one square kilometer".  "Such close proximity shows that communication between different religions is not only possible, but is practiced ..." Berlin tops the list. Working on "a single holy site for three religions", it is considered unique and "gets the gold medal for its inter-religious dialogue." (<a href="http://english.alarabiya.net/en/perspective/features/2017/04/24/Top-10-inter-religious-cities-in-the-world.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Al Arabiya English</a>)</li>  <li>There are least ten cities "with a rich mix of holy sites and places of worship of different faiths, all concentrated in less than one square kilometer".  "Such close proximity shows that communication between different religions is not only possible, but is practiced ..." Berlin tops the list. Working on "a single holy site for three religions", it is considered unique and "gets the gold medal for its inter-religious dialogue." (<a href="http://english.alarabiya.net/en/perspective/features/2017/04/24/Top-10-inter-religious-cities-in-the-world.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Al Arabiya English</a>)</li>
<li>There is "a novel experiment in multiple religions sharing not just a building but a community", the Brookville Church on Long Island. Particularly noticeable was the community "created by interfaith couples who want an interfaith education program for their children." (<a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/acts-of-faith/wp/2016/04/14/when-a-tiny-church-houses-three-religions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Washington Post</a>)</li>  <li>There is "a novel experiment in multiple religions sharing not just a building but a community", the Brookville Church on Long Island. Particularly noticeable was the community "created by interfaith couples who want an interfaith education program for their children." (<a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/acts-of-faith/wp/2016/04/14/when-a-tiny-church-houses-three-religions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Washington Post</a>)</li>
<li>In Omaha, three religious communities are planning a communal fellowship hall, the WP mentioned. (<a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/acts-of-faith/wp/2016/04/14/when-a-tiny-church-houses-three-religions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Washington Post</a>)</li>  <li>In Omaha, three religious communities are planning a communal fellowship hall, the WP mentioned. (<a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/acts-of-faith/wp/2016/04/14/when-a-tiny-church-houses-three-religions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Washington Post</a>)</li>
<li>For Protestant, Catholic and Muslim communities in Stockholm, the "<a href="https://abrahamicreligion.wordpress.com/2019/04/09/the-guds-hus-stockholm/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Guds Hus</a> ('God’s House') is being built", referred to as "a variation on the House of One".</li>  <li>For Protestant, Catholic and Muslim communities in Stockholm, the "<a href="https://abrahamicreligion.wordpress.com/2019/04/09/the-guds-hus-stockholm/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The Guds Hus</a> ('God’s House') is being built", referred to as "a variation on the House of One".</li>
</ul> </ul>
The <a href="https://ezw-berlin.de/downloads_informationsportale/i_mdezw_2011-2016_Das_House_of_One_in_Berlin_Sammeldatei.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Interim report</a> of the project, published by the The EKD Institute for Research on Religious and Ideological Issues (EZW), states that "one is sure" that a sacral building of this form is unique worldwide, pointing out the "jointly developed new concept of transparency and openness in a multicultural context." The <a href="https://ezw-berlin.de/downloads_informationsportale/i_mdezw_2011-2016_Das_House_of_One_in_Berlin_Sammeldatei.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Interim report</a> of the project, published by the The EKD Institute for Research on Religious and Ideological Issues (EZW), states that "one is sure" that a sacral building of this form is unique worldwide, pointing out the "jointly developed new concept of transparency and openness in a multicultural context."
<h3>What's close to the heart: a look at the Charter</h3> <h3>What's close to the heart: a look at the Charter</h3>
The co-existence of commonalities and differences of the religions seems to be particularly close to the heart of the religious representatives who had jointly developed the <a href="https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/house_of_one_berlin_charta_engl.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Charter</a>. Therewith they meant to obey the "the three religions’ respective self-conceptions". How to deal with this tension is expressed by a quotation of Leo Baeck: “People and nations and creeds will remain separate. They will live on as different entities. But they will know that they belong together, that they are all part of one humanity, that they should live together on this earth, recognizing and understanding one another, and, when there is need, helping one another.” The co-existence of commonalities and differences of the religions seems to be particularly close to the heart of the religious representatives who had jointly developed the <a href="https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/house_of_one_berlin_charta_engl.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Charter</a>. Therewith they meant to obey the "the three religions’ respective self-conceptions". How to deal with this tension is expressed by a quotation of Leo Baeck: “People and nations and creeds will remain separate. They will live on as different entities. But they will know that they belong together, that they are all part of one humanity, that they should live together on this earth, recognizing and understanding one another, and, when there is need, helping one another.”
The Charter then concentrates on "fundamental intentions to act," which were derived from core values which the three religions have in common and which is being inspired by the "Irrevocable directives" of the initial declaration of a "<a href="https://parliamentofreligions.org/sites/default/files/Global%20Ethic%20booklet-update-web_0.pdf">Global Ethic</a>" by the Parliament of the World's Religions, 1993. The Charter then concentrates on "fundamental intentions to act," which were derived from core values which the three religions have in common and which is being inspired by the "Irrevocable directives" of the initial declaration of a "<a href="https://parliamentofreligions.org/sites/default/files/Global%20Ethic%20booklet-update-web_0.pdf">Global Ethic</a>" by the Parliament of the World's Religions, 1993.
<h3>The background: Comparative Theology</h3> <h3>The background: Comparative Theology</h3>
The theoretical background can be found in the <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparative_theology" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Comparative Theology</a>, as the "<a href="https://ezw-berlin.de/downloads_informationsportale/i_mdezw_2011-2016_Das_House_of_One_in_Berlin_Sammeldatei.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Interim report</a>" explained: the Comparative Theology does not question whether the faiths of another religion are true. Its emphasis lies in getting to know the religion of others. "The advantage of this approach is on the one hand that the encounter with people of other faiths promotes one's own identity of faith." On the other hand, the question of truth can be kept open, well knowing that only God knows the answer. "Thus the great theological question, whether Jews, Christians and Muslims pray to the same God or not, shall consciously be kept open". The theoretical background can be found in the <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparative_theology" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Comparative Theology</a>, as the "<a href="https://ezw-berlin.de/downloads_informationsportale/i_mdezw_2011-2016_Das_House_of_One_in_Berlin_Sammeldatei.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Interim report</a>" explained: the Comparative Theology does not question whether the faiths of another religion are true. Its emphasis lies in getting to know the religion of others. "The advantage of this approach is on the one hand that the encounter with people of other faiths promotes one's own identity of faith." On the other hand, the question of truth can be kept open, well knowing that only God knows the answer. "Thus the great theological question, whether Jews, Christians and Muslims pray to the same God or not, shall consciously be kept open".
<h3>Most of the Muslim communities and the Catholic Church declined to take part</h3> <h3>Most of the Muslim communities and the Catholic Church declined to take part</h3>
The path to gain clarity about the project so that it is time to lay the foundation stone was difficult. The <a href="https://www.ezw-berlin.de/downloads/Materialdienst_06_2011.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">EZW</a> and the <a href="https://www.alt-katholisch.de/fileadmin/red_ak/CH-Archiv/arc_14/14_5_3.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Old Catholic Church</a> reported about problems <span lang="DE"><span class="SpellE">Gregor Hohberg</span></span> had to face when he was trying to gain partners. <a href="https://chrismon.evangelisch.de/artikel/2013/eines-fuer-alle-20245" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Lala Süsskind</a> and later the liberal rabbis <span lang="DE"><span class="SpellE">Tovia</span> <span class="SpellE">Ben-Chorin (Jewish Community)</span></span> and <span lang="DE">Walter <span class="SpellE">Homolka (Abraham-Geiger-Kolleg), reacted positively to Gregor Hohberg's project, whereas orthodox Jews as well as - with one exception - Muslim communities had shown restraint. The path to gain clarity about the project so that it is time to lay the foundation stone was difficult. The <a href="https://www.ezw-berlin.de/downloads/Materialdienst_06_2011.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">EZW</a> and the <a href="https://www.alt-katholisch.de/fileadmin/red_ak/CH-Archiv/arc_14/14_5_3.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Old Catholic Church</a> reported about problems <span lang="DE"><span class="SpellE">Gregor Hohberg</span></span> had to face when he was trying to gain partners. <a href="https://chrismon.evangelisch.de/artikel/2013/eines-fuer-alle-20245" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Lala Süsskind</a> and later the liberal rabbis <span lang="DE"><span class="SpellE">Tovia</span> <span class="SpellE">Ben-Chorin (Jewish Community)</span></span> and <span lang="DE">Walter <span class="SpellE">Homolka (Abraham-Geiger-Kolleg), reacted positively to Gregor Hohberg's project, whereas orthodox Jews as well as - with one exception - Muslim communities had shown restraint.
</span></span><span lang="DE"><span class="SpellE">As to the the DITIB (Turkish-Islamic Union for Religious Affairs) the problem was that it had claimed to get granted the sole right of representation, the Old Catholics reported. But the Charter clearly determines that "none of them [the members] claim to be the exclusive representative". The <a href="https://www.tagesspiegel.de/kultur/interreligioeses-projekt-in-berlin-mitte-the-house-of-one-ein-gotteshaus-drei-religionen/9981358.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Der Tagesspiegel reported</a> that some of the Mosque communities didn't want to make common cause with with Jews, vice versa voiced concerns in regard of some Muslim associations. </span></span><span lang="DE"><span class="SpellE">As to the the DITIB (Turkish-Islamic Union for Religious Affairs) the problem was that it had claimed to get granted the sole right of representation, the Old Catholics reported. But the Charter clearly determines that "none of them [the members] claim to be the exclusive representative". The <a href="https://www.tagesspiegel.de/kultur/interreligioeses-projekt-in-berlin-mitte-the-house-of-one-ein-gotteshaus-drei-religionen/9981358.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Der Tagesspiegel reported</a> that some of the Mosque communities didn't want to make common cause with with Jews, vice versa voiced concerns in regard of some Muslim associations.
An agreement could only be reached with the FID e.V. which <a href="http://fidev.org/fid/partner" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">has close links</a> to the Hizmet (Gülen movement). The <a href="https://www.ezw-berlin.de/downloads/Materialdienst_06_2011.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">EZW pointed to the fact</a> that the FID e.V. is not representative by terms of membership and is intra-islamically controversial. It was not yet associated to a Mosque community, its activities were in the field of secular education. But "Gülen-related actors are suitable because in their own specific manner they actively accept the secular society." Also the Senate of Berlin took a positive view. In an <a href="http://pardok.parlament-berlin.de/starweb/adis/citat/VT/18/SchrAnfr/s18-17842.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">answer to a parlamentary question</a> it estimated the FID e.V. to actively and authentically support cross-religious cooperation, to show openness to other religions and willingness to communicate. An agreement could only be reached with the FID e.V. which <a href="http://fidev.org/fid/partner" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">has close links</a> to the Hizmet (Gülen movement). The <a href="https://www.ezw-berlin.de/downloads/Materialdienst_06_2011.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">EZW pointed to the fact</a> that the FID e.V. is not representative by terms of membership and is intra-islamically controversial. It was not yet associated to a Mosque community, its activities were in the field of secular education. But "Gülen-related actors are suitable because in their own specific manner they actively accept the secular society." Also the Senate of Berlin took a positive view. In an <a href="http://pardok.parlament-berlin.de/starweb/adis/citat/VT/18/SchrAnfr/s18-17842.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">answer to a parlamentary question</a> it estimated the FID e.V. to actively and authentically support cross-religious cooperation, to show openness to other religions and willingness to communicate.
</span></span><span lang="DE"><span class="SpellE">As to the Catholic Church, the Archbishop justified his negative reply with limited financial and human resources, as the <a href="https://www.ezw-berlin.de/downloads/Materialdienst_10_2016.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">EZW reported</a>. </span></span><span lang="DE"><span class="SpellE">As to the Catholic Church, the Archbishop justified his negative reply with limited financial and human resources, as the <a href="https://www.ezw-berlin.de/downloads/Materialdienst_10_2016.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">EZW reported</a>.
</span></span><span lang="DE"><span class="SpellE">But notwithstanding which religious communities are partnering with the project, according to the Charta, no member of whatever community is being excluded from the <em>House</em>. </span></span> </span></span><span lang="DE"><span class="SpellE">But notwithstanding which religious communities are partnering with the project, according to the Charta, no member of whatever community is being excluded from the <em>House</em>. </span></span>
<h3>Financial support comes from several sources.</h3> <h3>Financial support comes from several sources.</h3>
<a href="http://pardok.parlament-berlin.de/starweb/adis/citat/VT/18/SchrAnfr/s18-17842.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">According to the Senate of Berlin</a>, the financing of the project is based on a crowdfunding campaign in more than fifty countries, on benefits by - not specified - German Major Donors and by fundings in the framework of the <a href="https://www.bbsr.bund.de/BBSR/DE/FP/ZIP/NPS/2016/foerderprojekte-2016/steckbriefe/berlin-node.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">federal program</a> "National Projects of Urban Development - Future Investment Program". <a href="http://pardok.parlament-berlin.de/starweb/adis/citat/VT/18/SchrAnfr/s18-17842.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">According to the Senate of Berlin</a>, the financing of the project is based on a crowdfunding campaign in more than fifty countries, on benefits by - not specified - German Major Donors and by fundings in the framework of the <a href="https://www.bbsr.bund.de/BBSR/DE/FP/ZIP/NPS/2016/foerderprojekte-2016/steckbriefe/berlin-node.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">federal program</a> "National Projects of Urban Development - Future Investment Program".
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<p>Press release: Kick-off for construction April 2020<br /> <p>Press release: Kick-off for construction April 2020<br />
<a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/news/kick-constructin-april-2020" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/en/news/kick-constructin-april-2020</a></p> <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/news/kick-constructin-april-2020" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/en/news/kick-constructin-april-2020</a></p>
<p>Project homepage<br /> <p>Project homepage<br />
<a href="https://house-of-one.org/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/en</a></p> <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/en</a></p>
<p>Project FAQs<br /> <p>Project FAQs<br />
<a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/faqs" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/en/faqs</a></p> <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/faqs" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/en/faqs</a></p>
<p>Brochure<br /> <p>Brochure<br />
<a href="https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/downloads/hoobroschure20170725finaleng.pdf?t=1GW5Ml" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/downloads/hoobroschure20170725finaleng.pdf?t=1GW5Ml</a></p> <a href="https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/downloads/hoobroschure20170725finaleng.pdf?t=1GW5Ml" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/downloads/hoobroschure20170725finaleng.pdf?t=1GW5Ml</a></p>
<p>Brochure<br /> <p>Brochure<br />
<a href="https://www.stiftungzukunftberlin.eu/fileadmin/szb/daten/Initiativen/House_of_One/Dokumente/HouseOfOne_Broschuere.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.stiftungzukunftberlin.eu/fileadmin/szb/daten/Initiativen/House_of_One/Dokumente/HouseOfOne_Broschuere.pdf</a></p> <a href="https://www.stiftungzukunftberlin.eu/fileadmin/szb/daten/Initiativen/House_of_One/Dokumente/HouseOfOne_Broschuere.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.stiftungzukunftberlin.eu/fileadmin/szb/daten/Initiativen/House_of_One/Dokumente/HouseOfOne_Broschuere.pdf</a></p>
<p>Petriplatz und Breite Straße. Planungen für Alt-Cölln (2012)<br /> <p>Petriplatz und Breite Straße. Planungen für Alt-Cölln (2012)<br />
<a href="http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de/staedtebau/projekte/petriplatz_breitestr/download/Petriplatz_BreiteStrasse_Ausstellung.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de/staedtebau/projekte/petriplatz_breitestr/download/Petriplatz_BreiteStrasse_Ausstellung.pdf</a></p> <a href="http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de/staedtebau/projekte/petriplatz_breitestr/download/Petriplatz_BreiteStrasse_Ausstellung.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de/staedtebau/projekte/petriplatz_breitestr/download/Petriplatz_BreiteStrasse_Ausstellung.pdf</a></p>
<p>Senat von Berlin, Senatsverwaltung für Kultur und Europa: Antwort auf die schriftliche Anfrage über: House of One (Abgeordnetenhaus von Berlin, 2019)<br /> <p>Senat von Berlin, Senatsverwaltung für Kultur und Europa: Antwort auf die schriftliche Anfrage über: House of One (Abgeordnetenhaus von Berlin, 2019)<br />
<a href="http://pardok.parlament-berlin.de/starweb/adis/citat/VT/18/SchrAnfr/s18-17842.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://pardok.parlament-berlin.de/starweb/adis/citat/VT/18/SchrAnfr/s18-17842.pdf</a></p> <a href="http://pardok.parlament-berlin.de/starweb/adis/citat/VT/18/SchrAnfr/s18-17842.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://pardok.parlament-berlin.de/starweb/adis/citat/VT/18/SchrAnfr/s18-17842.pdf</a></p>
<p>Nationale Projekte des Städtebaus: Berlin, House of One – Haus des interreligiösen Dialogs (Bundesinstitut für Bau-, Stadt- und Raumforschung, 2016)<br /> <p>Nationale Projekte des Städtebaus: Berlin, House of One – Haus des interreligiösen Dialogs (Bundesinstitut für Bau-, Stadt- und Raumforschung, 2016)<br />
<a href="https://www.bbsr.bund.de/BBSR/DE/FP/ZIP/NPS/2016/foerderprojekte-2016/steckbriefe/berlin-node.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.bbsr.bund.de/BBSR/DE/FP/ZIP/NPS/2016/foerderprojekte-2016/steckbriefe/berlin-node.html</a></p> <a href="https://www.bbsr.bund.de/BBSR/DE/FP/ZIP/NPS/2016/foerderprojekte-2016/steckbriefe/berlin-node.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.bbsr.bund.de/BBSR/DE/FP/ZIP/NPS/2016/foerderprojekte-2016/steckbriefe/berlin-node.html</a></p>
<p>Forum für Interkulturellen Dialog<br /> <p>Forum für Interkulturellen Dialog<br />
<a href="http://fidev.org/fid/partner" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://fidev.org/fid/partner</a></p> <a href="http://fidev.org/fid/partner" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://fidev.org/fid/partner</a></p>
<p>Claudia Melisch, Jessica Rothe: Ausgrabungen am Petriplatz<br /> <p>Claudia Melisch, Jessica Rothe: Ausgrabungen am Petriplatz<br />
<a href="https://www.ausgrabung-petriplatz.de/archaeologische-grabung-berlin-ursprungsort-ausgrabungen-petriplatz-historisches-zentrum-jetzt-entdecken" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.ausgrabung-petriplatz.de/archaeologische-grabung-berlin-ursprungsort-ausgrabungen-petriplatz-historisches-zentrum-jetzt-entdecken</a></p> <a href="https://www.ausgrabung-petriplatz.de/archaeologische-grabung-berlin-ursprungsort-ausgrabungen-petriplatz-historisches-zentrum-jetzt-entdecken" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.ausgrabung-petriplatz.de/archaeologische-grabung-berlin-ursprungsort-ausgrabungen-petriplatz-historisches-zentrum-jetzt-entdecken</a></p>
<p>Eißler: Braucht Berlin ein interreligiöses Zentrum? (2011)<br /> <p>Eißler: Braucht Berlin ein interreligiöses Zentrum? (2011)<br />
<a href="https://www.ezw-berlin.de/downloads/Materialdienst_06_2011.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.ezw-berlin.de/downloads/Materialdienst_06_2011.pdf</a></p> <a href="https://www.ezw-berlin.de/downloads/Materialdienst_06_2011.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.ezw-berlin.de/downloads/Materialdienst_06_2011.pdf</a></p>
<p>Gero Schliess: World religions gather in Berlin’s House of One (2018)<br /> <p>Gero Schliess: World religions gather in Berlin’s House of One (2018)<br />
<a href="https://www.dw.com/en/berlin-24-7-world-religions-gather-in-berlins-house-of-one/a-42833803" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.dw.com/en/berlin-24-7-world-religions-gather-in-berlins-house-of-one/a-42833803</a></p> <a href="https://www.dw.com/en/berlin-24-7-world-religions-gather-in-berlins-house-of-one/a-42833803" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.dw.com/en/berlin-24-7-world-religions-gather-in-berlins-house-of-one/a-42833803</a></p>
<p>Christoph Strack: Drei Religionen unter einem Dach: Das “House of One” in Berlin soll gebaut werden. (2019)<br /> <p>Christoph Strack: Drei Religionen unter einem Dach: Das “House of One” in Berlin soll gebaut werden. (2019)<br />
<a href="https://www.dw.com/de/drei-religionen-unter-einem-dach-das-house-of-one-in-berlin-soll-gebaut-werden/a-47112856" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.dw.com/de/drei-religionen-unter-einem-dach-das-house-of-one-in-berlin-soll-gebaut-werden/a-47112856</a></p> <a href="https://www.dw.com/de/drei-religionen-unter-einem-dach-das-house-of-one-in-berlin-soll-gebaut-werden/a-47112856" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.dw.com/de/drei-religionen-unter-einem-dach-das-house-of-one-in-berlin-soll-gebaut-werden/a-47112856</a></p>
<p>Charta of the project, by the Jewish community of Berlin, the rabbinical seminary Abraham-Geiger-Kolleg, and the Muslim initiative for dialogue Forum Dialog<br /> <p>Charta of the project, by the Jewish community of Berlin, the rabbinical seminary Abraham-Geiger-Kolleg, and the Muslim initiative for dialogue Forum Dialog<br />
<a href="https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/house_of_one_berlin_charta_engl.pdf?t=1ECa4r" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/house_of_one_berlin_charta_engl.pdf?t=1ECa4r</a></p> <a href="https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/house_of_one_berlin_charta_engl.pdf?t=1ECa4r" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/house_of_one_berlin_charta_engl.pdf?t=1ECa4r</a></p>
<p>Announcement of the building competition<br /> <p>Announcement of the building competition<br />
<a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/press/releases/start-der-bewerbungsphase-des-architekturwettbewerbs-f%C3%BCr-ein-neues-bet-und-lehrhaus" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/en/press/releases/start-der-bewerbungsphase-des-architekturwettbewerbs-f%C3%BCr-ein-neues-bet-und-lehrhaus</a></p> <a href="https://house-of-one.org/en/press/releases/start-der-bewerbungsphase-des-architekturwettbewerbs-f%C3%BCr-ein-neues-bet-und-lehrhaus" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/en/press/releases/start-der-bewerbungsphase-des-architekturwettbewerbs-f%C3%BCr-ein-neues-bet-und-lehrhaus</a></p>
<p>Text for the architectural competition<br /> <p>Text for the architectural competition<br />
<a href="https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/downloads/auslobungarchitekturwettbewerb.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/downloads/auslobungarchitekturwettbewerb.pdf</a></p> <a href="https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/downloads/auslobungarchitekturwettbewerb.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://house-of-one.org/sites/default/files/downloads/auslobungarchitekturwettbewerb.pdf</a></p>
<p>Images, published by the office of the winning architect, Kuehn Malvezzi <a href="http://www.kuehnmalvezzi.com/?context=project&amp;oid=Project:14687" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://www.kuehnmalvezzi.com/?context=project&#038;oid=Project:14687</a></p> <p>Images, published by the office of the winning architect, Kuehn Malvezzi <a href="http://www.kuehnmalvezzi.com/?context=project&amp;oid=Project:14687" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://www.kuehnmalvezzi.com/?context=project&#038;oid=Project:14687</a></p>
<p lang="zxx">Anne Luise Heisig: Das „House of One“ in Berlin. Zwischenbericht über ein einzigartiges Projekt. By the Evangelische Zentralstelle für Weltanschauungsfragen (2016)<br /> <p lang="zxx">Anne Luise Heisig: Das „House of One“ in Berlin. Zwischenbericht über ein einzigartiges Projekt. By the Evangelische Zentralstelle für Weltanschauungsfragen (2016)<br />
<a href="https://www.theologiestudierende.de/2016/08/17/das-house-of-one-in-berlin/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.theologiestudierende.de/2016/08/17/das-house-of-one-in-berlin/</a> and<br /> <a href="https://www.theologiestudierende.de/2016/08/17/das-house-of-one-in-berlin/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.theologiestudierende.de/2016/08/17/das-house-of-one-in-berlin/</a> and<br />
<a href="https://ezw-berlin.de/downloads_informationsportale/i_mdezw_2011-2016_Das_House_of_One_in_Berlin_Sammeldatei.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://ezw-berlin.de/downloads_informationsportale/i_mdezw_2011-2016_Das_House_of_One_in_Berlin_Sammeldatei.pdf</a> (p. 13-16)</p> <a href="https://ezw-berlin.de/downloads_informationsportale/i_mdezw_2011-2016_Das_House_of_One_in_Berlin_Sammeldatei.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://ezw-berlin.de/downloads_informationsportale/i_mdezw_2011-2016_Das_House_of_One_in_Berlin_Sammeldatei.pdf</a> (p. 13-16)</p>
<p><span lang="DE">Jens-Eberhard Jahn</span>: Die dreifaltige WG. Abraham, Gülen und Petrus – In Berlin soll ein interreligiöses Bet- und Lehrhaus entstehen (2014)<br /> <p><span lang="DE">Jens-Eberhard Jahn</span>: Die dreifaltige WG. Abraham, Gülen und Petrus – In Berlin soll ein interreligiöses Bet- und Lehrhaus entstehen (2014)<br />
<a href="https://www.alt-katholisch.de/fileadmin/red_ak/CH-Archiv/arc_14/14_5_3.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.alt-katholisch.de/fileadmin/red_ak/CH-Archiv/arc_14/14_5_3.htm</a></p> <a href="https://www.alt-katholisch.de/fileadmin/red_ak/CH-Archiv/arc_14/14_5_3.htm" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.alt-katholisch.de/fileadmin/red_ak/CH-Archiv/arc_14/14_5_3.htm</a></p>
<p>Isabell Jürgens: Die Petrikirche soll wiederauferstehen<br /> <p>Isabell Jürgens: Die Petrikirche soll wiederauferstehen<br />
<a href="https://www.morgenpost.de/berlin/article104178755/Die-Petrikirche-soll-wiederauferstehen.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.morgenpost.de/berlin/article104178755/Die-Petrikirche-soll-wiederauferstehen.html</a></p> <a href="https://www.morgenpost.de/berlin/article104178755/Die-Petrikirche-soll-wiederauferstehen.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.morgenpost.de/berlin/article104178755/Die-Petrikirche-soll-wiederauferstehen.html</a></p>
<p>Claudia Keller: Juden, Christen und Muslime unter einem Dach. Eines für alle (2013)<br /> <p>Claudia Keller: Juden, Christen und Muslime unter einem Dach. Eines für alle (2013)<br />
<a href="https://chrismon.evangelisch.de/artikel/2013/eines-fuer-alle-20245" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://chrismon.evangelisch.de/artikel/2013/eines-fuer-alle-20245</a></p> <a href="https://chrismon.evangelisch.de/artikel/2013/eines-fuer-alle-20245" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://chrismon.evangelisch.de/artikel/2013/eines-fuer-alle-20245</a></p>
  <p>Claudia Keller: Interreligiöses Projekt in Berlin-Mitte &#8220;The House of One&#8221; &#8211; Ein Gotteshaus, drei Religionen (2014)<br />
  <a href="https://www.tagesspiegel.de/kultur/interreligioeses-projekt-in-berlin-mitte-the-house-of-one-ein-gotteshaus-drei-religionen/9981358.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.tagesspiegel.de/kultur/interreligioeses-projekt-in-berlin-mitte-the-house-of-one-ein-gotteshaus-drei-religionen/9981358.html</a></p>
<p>Stephen Evans: Berlin House of One: The first church-mosque-synagogue? (2014)<br /> <p>Stephen Evans: Berlin House of One: The first church-mosque-synagogue? (2014)<br />
<a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-27872551" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-27872551</a></p> <a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-27872551" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-27872551</a></p>
<p>Yasmine Hafiz: Berlin Plans ‘House Of One,’ A Place Where Jews, Muslims, And Christians Will Pray Under The Same Roof (2014)<br /> <p>Yasmine Hafiz: Berlin Plans ‘House Of One,’ A Place Where Jews, Muslims, And Christians Will Pray Under The Same Roof (2014)<br />
<a href="https://www.huffpost.com/entry/house-of-one-berlin-interfaith_n_5489444" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.huffpost.com/entry/house-of-one-berlin-interfaith_n_5489444</a></p> <a href="https://www.huffpost.com/entry/house-of-one-berlin-interfaith_n_5489444" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.huffpost.com/entry/house-of-one-berlin-interfaith_n_5489444</a></p>
<p>Philip Oltermann: Berlin’s House of One: a church, a mosque and a synagogue under one roof (2014)<br /> <p>Philip Oltermann: Berlin’s House of One: a church, a mosque and a synagogue under one roof (2014)<br />
<a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/shortcuts/2014/jun/25/berlin-house-of-one-unity-christian-muslim-jew" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.theguardian.com/world/shortcuts/2014/jun/25/berlin-house-of-one-unity-christian-muslim-jew</a></p> <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/shortcuts/2014/jun/25/berlin-house-of-one-unity-christian-muslim-jew" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.theguardian.com/world/shortcuts/2014/jun/25/berlin-house-of-one-unity-christian-muslim-jew</a></p>
<p>Lara Schrijver: The House of One: Facing Fear. (2016)<br /> <p>Lara Schrijver: The House of One: Facing Fear. (2016)<br />
<a href="http://www.kuehnmalvezzi.com/media/text/160600-BEPE-Schrijver-Facing_Fear-Harvard_Design_Magazine-42.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://www.kuehnmalvezzi.com/media/text/160600-BEPE-Schrijver-Facing_Fear-Harvard_Design_Magazine-42.pdf</a> and<br /> <a href="http://www.kuehnmalvezzi.com/media/text/160600-BEPE-Schrijver-Facing_Fear-Harvard_Design_Magazine-42.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://www.kuehnmalvezzi.com/media/text/160600-BEPE-Schrijver-Facing_Fear-Harvard_Design_Magazine-42.pdf</a> and<br />
<a href="http://www.harvarddesignmagazine.org/issues/42/the-house-of-one-facing-fear" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://www.harvarddesignmagazine.org/issues/42/the-house-of-one-facing-fear</a></p> <a href="http://www.harvarddesignmagazine.org/issues/42/the-house-of-one-facing-fear" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://www.harvarddesignmagazine.org/issues/42/the-house-of-one-facing-fear</a></p>
<p>Francesca Astorri: Top 10 ‘inter-religious’ cities in the world (2017)<br /> <p>Francesca Astorri: Top 10 ‘inter-religious’ cities in the world (2017)<br />
<a href="https://english.alarabiya.net/en/perspective/features/2017/04/24/Top-10-inter-religious-cities-in-the-world.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://english.alarabiya.net/en/perspective/features/2017/04/24/Top-10-inter-religious-cities-in-the-world.html</a></p> <a href="https://english.alarabiya.net/en/perspective/features/2017/04/24/Top-10-inter-religious-cities-in-the-world.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://english.alarabiya.net/en/perspective/features/2017/04/24/Top-10-inter-religious-cities-in-the-world.html</a></p>
<p>Susan Katz Miller: When a tiny church houses three religions (2016)<br /> <p>Susan Katz Miller: When a tiny church houses three religions (2016)<br />
<a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/acts-of-faith/wp/2016/04/14/when-a-tiny-church-houses-three-religions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/acts-of-faith/wp/2016/04/14/when-a-tiny-church-houses-three-religions/</a></p> <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/acts-of-faith/wp/2016/04/14/when-a-tiny-church-houses-three-religions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/acts-of-faith/wp/2016/04/14/when-a-tiny-church-houses-three-religions/</a></p>

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