The comeback of vaccine-preventable diseases


WikiTribune is tracking vaccine-preventable diseases which have recently increased in prevalence. This is a story in progress. Add new sections below:

Europe

Measles

  • More than 41,000 people were infected with measles in the first six months of 2018 in Europe, compared to almost 24,000 cases last year and 5,273 in 2016. (WHO). Measles has killed 37 people this year, and this is the highest number infected in the region in a decade.
  • Dr Mary Ramsay, head of immunisation at Public Health England, said: “The measles outbreaks we are currently seeing in England are linked to ongoing large outbreaks in Europe. The majority of cases we are seeing are in teenagers and young adults who missed out on their MMR vaccine when they were children.”
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The U.S.

Mumps

  •  Researchers have documented the increase in mumps in the United States.
  • From January 1 to August 11 of this year, the CDC shows there has been at least 1,665 reported cases of the mumps with a higher concentration being seen in Northern and Northeast states such as Illinois, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and New York.
  • While the data is currently still being updated and subject to change you can see a huge spike in cases in 2017 and 2018.

Yemen

Cholera

  • In June 2017, the UN announced Yemen was facing the “worst cholera outbreak in the world.” From September 28, 2016 to March 12, 2018 there were roughly 1.1 million suspected cholera cases and 2,400 associated deaths (UN Dispatches). In comparison, during a 2011 cholera outbreak prior to the country’s civil war, there were almost 32,000 cases and 134 deaths from cholera and Acute watery diarrhoea (Unicef).
  • In May 2018 it was reported that the weekly number of cholera cases was decreasing nationally. A cholera vaccination campaign began in May, after a one-year delay due to senior Houthi officials objecting to vaccinations.

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Diphtheria 

  • From August 2017 to January 2018 at least 471 people were infected with diphtheria in Yemen, of which 46 died as result. In response, in November 2017, WHO, UNICEF and partners vaccinated 8,500 children under five years of age in areas where the majority of cases were reported. The bacterial disease last appeared in Yemen in 1992.

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